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Published by B. Merkur
Heralding the imminent arrival of Moshiach
Heralding the imminent arrival of Moshiach

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Published by: B. Merkur on Aug 29, 2013
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Beis Moshiach (USPS 012-542) ISSN 1082-0272is published weekly, except Jewish holidays(only once in April and October) or $160.00 inCrown Heights. USA $180.00. All other places or$195.00 per year (45 issues), by Beis Moshiach,744 Eastern Parkway, Brooklyn, NY 11213-3409.Periodicals postage paid at Brooklyn, NY andadditional ofces. Postmaster: send addresschanges to Beis Moshiach 744 Eastern Parkway,Brooklyn, NY 11213-3409. Copyright 2013 byBeis Moshiach, Inc.Beis Moshiach is not responsible or the contentand Kashruth o the advertisements.
featured articles
10
a slicHOs tOur iNOld tZfas
Menachem Mendel Arad
18
Pure faitH iN tHe reBBe
Shneur Zalman Berger
20
 
cONduct Of a YesHiVaBacHur duriNG elulaNd tisHrei
28
MY first tisHrei WitHtHe reBBe
Rabbi Sholom Dovber Wolpo
30
GeMara is fOr eVerYONe
Nosson Avrohom
42
tisHrei ON sHlicHus
R’ Zev Crombie
50
“dO YOu KNOW WHatrussia is?”
Rabbi Shneur Zalman Chanin
54
cHaBad’s “MilitarYOPeratiON”
Menachem Barash a”h
28
contents
744 Eastern ParkwayBrooklyn, NY 11213-3409
Tel: (718) 778-8000Fax: (718) 778-0800admin@beismoshiach.orgwww.beismoshiach.org
EDITOR-IN-CHIEF:
M.M. Hendel
HEBREW EDITOR:
Rabbi S.Y. ChazaneditorH@beismoshiach.org
ENGLISH EDITOR:
Boruch Merkur
editor@beismoshiach.org
WeeKlY cOluMNs
4
D’var Malchus
24
Farbrengen
27
Moshiach & Geula
28
Thought
39
Parsha Thought
46
Stories
49
Moshiach & Geula
 
1050
Wishing all our readersa k’siva va’chasimatova l’shana tova u’m’suka!
 
G-D’S RETURN WITHTHE JEWISH PEOPLEFROM EXILE
Translated by Boruch Merkur 
1. Rashi questions the wordingof the verse, “G-d, your L-rd, willreturn (with) your captivity,”
1
 saying, “The verse should have read,‘He will return your captivity.’” Theintent here, in Rashi’s analysis, is: a)Instead of saying, “
V’shav
” ((He) will return (Himself) [i.e., in thereflexive tense]), the verse shouldhave said, “
V’heishiv
” (He will return(your captivity)); b) Why does itsay, “G-d, your L-rd”?
2
Prior
3
tothis verse it says that the necessary
preface and cause
for “
V’shav
[i.e., the resulting “return” of yourcaptivity] is, “You shall return toG-d, your L-rd,” defining a causalrelationship, measure for measure.That is, if “
 You shall return
(to G-d,your L-rd), then “
(He) will return
,etc.” Thus, it is apparent
4
thatthe return (whether it is “
V’shav
[i.e., G-d should cause Himself toreturn] or “
V’heishiv
” [i.e., G-dshould return others, namely, “yourcaptivity,” the exiles of the Jewishpeople]) refers to “G-d, yourL-rd,” the Holy One Blessed BeHe. Rashi answers [the questionhe posed regarding the unusualoccurrence of the word “
V’shav
”]:“Our Rabbis
5
learned from here
6
thatthe Divine Presence resides with theJewish people, as it were, amidst thesuffering of their exile. But He hasinscribed redemption for Himself  when they are to be redeemed, forHe will return with them.” We must understand thefollowing:a) Earlier, in the Torah portionShmos,
7
Rashi had already remarkedthat the fact that G-d appeared toMoshe Rabbeinu “from amidst the[burning]
bush
” is “because ‘I am with him [i.e., the Jewish people] in[their] suffering.’” How then couldRashi say here that we learn thisfor the first time “
from here
” thatthe Divine Presence resides with theJewish people amidst the sufferingof their exile when we already know this from the portion Shmos? b) “I am with him in suffering”is an explicit verse
8
[in Tanach].Thus, it is unnecessary to learnthis concept “from here” from an
analysis of 
another verse.
8*
 c) In the verse, “G-d, your L-rd, will return,” it says only that G-dreturns
from exile
. Where doesRashi infer the emphasis that “theDivine Presence resides with theJewish people...amidst the
suffering
of their exile”? From this verse weonly know that the Divine Presenceis
 with them
9
; not that He is
 withthem in suffering
per se, a conceptthat is apparent in the verse, “I am with him in suffering,” or the verse,“Amidst all their suffering, Hesuffers.”
10
d) Since Rashi remarks that“the Divine Presence resides
 withthe Jewish people
...amidst thesuffering of 
their exile
,” it is alreadyclear,
necessarily
, that when theJewish people leave exile, the DivinePresence will also leave exile.
11
Whymust Rashi make specific referenceto the fact that “when they are to beredeemed, etc., He will return withthem”?e) Even if Rashi wants to mentionthis explicitly (notwithstandingthe fact that it is seemingly self-understood) in order to elucidate theterminology, “G-d, your L-rd, willreturn,”
12
he should have only said,“when they are redeemed, He willreturn with them.” What is his intent with the words, “He has inscribedredemption for Himself”?2. Rashi continues after thecitation quoted above: “Moreover, we could say that that the day of theingathering of the exiles is so greatand with so much strife that it is as if He personally needs to literally holdthe hand of every single person [toextract each one] from his place [inexile], as the concept is expressed inthe verse, ‘You, the Jewish people,shall be gathered one by one.’
13
 Indeed, this concept is also found with regard to the gentile nations, asit is said, ‘I shall return the returneesof the Ammonite people.’”
14
The following must be
D’var Malchus
4
 
 
�
 
Erev Rosh HaShana 5774
 
understood:a) Why must Rashi utilize
two
explanations?The fact that Rashi does notsuffice with [the latter part of his response, beginning with the words], “Moreover, we could say,”can, at first glance, be explained,as follows. The words, “G-d, yourL-rd, will return” (meaning that G-d will return, as it were, from exile)suggest that He is found
in exile
,as it were, even
prior
to the time of “(He) will return,”
16
and not onlythat He will go there on “the day of the ingathering of the exiles” in orderto extract the Jewish people fromthere. Thus, there is a need for theexplanation “that the Divine Presenceresides with the Jewish people, as it were, amidst the suffering of theirexile, etc.”
17
However, the following is still notunderstood. Why does Rashi need,“Moreover, we could say, etc.,” notsufficing with the first explanation?
18
 b) The verse speaks about theredemption of 
Jews
. Why then doesRashi conclude with, “Indeed, thisconcept is also found with regard tothe gentile nations, etc.”?
2
c) The quandary is even morepuzzling. In order to cite proof thatG-d will take every individual out of exile, it would have sufficed for Rashito quote the words, “You…shall begathered one by one,” omitting the words, “the Jewish people,” whichappear at the end of the sentence[in the original Hebrew, making itseemingly extraneous here]. Thisinclusion indicates that Rashi wantsto emphasize that the fact that “Hepersonally needs to literally holdthe hand of every single person [toextract each one] from his place [inexile]” is also applicable to the Jewishpeople [and not just the gentilenations].(The latter is also inferredfrom the verse that is centralto our discussion, “G-d, yourL-rd, will return (with) yourcaptivity” (according to the secondinterpretation), as follows. The factthat “He personally needs to literallyhold the hand of every single person,etc.” is in virtue of the fact that G-dis “
 your
L-rd.”
3
)If so, why does Rashi follow this with, “Indeed, this concept isalso found with regard to the gentilenations, etc.”?d) Why is the lengthy discussion,requiring proofs from the works of the Prophets, etc., relevant
here
?e) What does Rashi intend to add with the word
literally
,”
4
therebynegating the usual interpretationof G-d’s “hand,” mentioned in hiscommentary on the Torah portion VaEs’chanan?
21*
3. The answers to all thesequestions will emerge from aprefatory discussion of a concept thatis common to all of the Patriarchs
5
that [it was said of them that] G-dis with them. The simple meaningof this statement is as follows.The Patriarchs enjoyed treatmentfrom On High that was beyond thenatural order, to the extent that
everyone
perceived that their successcame from G-d.
6
Thus,
7
the verseemphasizes that G-d was with them(although He is omnipresent – “inthe heavens above and upon the earth below”
24*
– as it is written, “I fill theheavens and the earth”
8
), meaningthat He was with them and Heprotected them in a manner that was
plainly revealed
, [for which reason]they experienced [a miraculousdegree of] success, etc.The same principle applies to theJewish people, even
9
during the timeof exile. The fact that it is apparent toall that G-d gives special attention tothem [protecting them] – being onesheep among seventy wolves, but itremains safe
10
– illustrates that G-dis with the Jewish people (as learnedearlier regarding the exile to Egypt,the first (and root
11
) of all exiles,“The L-rd will be
 with
 
 you
12
). Anexample of the
latter
concept is whatis said of the Jewish people when theyare redeemed: “the Divine Presenceis
 with them
.”It is understood, however, thatthis concept is distinct from whatis referred to in the verse, “G-d,your L-rd,
 will return
(with)
 yourcaptivity
(and not “with you” andthe like). The term
here
(that G-d’s
return
” occurs with
 your captives
(with
 your return
, returning fromexile)), indicates that prior to theredemption, G-d is (
restricted
, asit were, in the lands of the gentiles,and of consequence) distancedand expelled, as it were, from His“home.”
13
The concept that G-d isfound with the Jewish people in exilein order to protect them from the“seventy wolves,” on the other hand,means the exact
opposite
! He is therein order to
help
them; certainly He is
not
in “exile.”Thus, Rashi says that here thereis a different meaning to “the DivinePresence resides with the Jewishpeople…amidst the
suffering
of theirexile.” Namely, that He is indeed
suffering
, as it were, from exile.Therefore, there must be, “G-d,your L-rd, will return (with) yourcaptivity.”
The concept that G-d is found with the Jewish peoplein exile in order to protect them from the “seventywolves,” on the other hand, means the exact opposite! He isthere in order to help them; certainly He is not in “exile.”
 
Issue 894
 
 
�
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