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Bioaccessibility of arsenic – DHI Case story DK

Bioaccessibility of arsenic – DHI Case story DK

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Published by DHI

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Published by: DHI on Aug 29, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/01/2014

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   ©   D   H   I
Since the late 19th century, lead arsenate has been used as one of the ‘firstgeneration pesticides’. During site investigations, elevated concentrations of arsenic and other metals have been found in the soil at two former orchards.We conducted a health risk assessment and bioaccessibility testing for arsenicto provide more detailed answers regarding potential pollution
-
related healthrisks.
 
ARSENIC IN SOIL
 
 Arsenic is a naturally occurring trace element found in rocks and soil. However,arsenic can also be found as a result of soil pollution (for example, by use of arsenic
-
containing pesticides). Arsenic is toxic and contact with arsenic
-
polluted soil (for example, involuntary ingestion of polluted soil) can have negative health impacts.
 
Thus, understanding the physico
-
chemical properties of arsenic in soil is importantto obtain a better understanding of the major factors influencing the bioaccessibilityof arsenic and to thereby evaluate health risks.
 
SUMMARY
 
CLIENT
 
Region Zealand, Denmark and DanishEnvironment Agency
CHALLENGE
 
Lack of knowledge about thebioaccessibility of arsenic (the amount of arsenic that can potentially be transferredfrom contaminated soil into the human bodyand cause toxic effects)
Need to know which soil properties inparticular influence the bioaccessibility of arsenic
 
Need to accurately measure thebioaccessibility of arsenic. This is requiredin order to identify unacceptable risks tohuman health and help reduce efforts andcosts for site clean
-
up
 
SOLUTION
 
Bioaccessibility testing for arsenic in soil,combined with relevant supplementaryanalysis and geochemical modelling
VALUE
 
Bioaccessibility testing serves as a tool inhealth risk assessment
Potential cost savings ensue, if resultsshow that site clean
-
up can be avoided or reduced
LOCATION / COUNTRY
 
Hørsholm, Denmark
 
Spraying of pesticides at a fruit orchard in the 1950´s. Historical photograph provided by © Stefan Outzen
 
DHI CASE STORY
 
BIOACCESSIBILITY OF ARSENIC
Measuring the bioaccessibility of arsenic in soil at former fruit orchards
 
INDUSTRY
 

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