the first to propose a list of 27 books that are the same as we have today in our Bible.Later church councils confirmed the canon.
What criteria were used to choose the New Testament canon?
The first test of New Testament scripture was whether itrepresented the teachings of the 12 disciples of Jesus or other apostles such asPaul or James, the Lord’s brother. For example, the Gospel of Mark wasconsidered to have the authority of Peter because tradition held that Mark compiled Peter’s “memoirs.” Some books which were widely recognized asauthentic were not included in the New Testament canon because they werewritten by the “second generation” of Christian leaders after the apostles, such as1 Clement.
The New Testament books needed to deal with spiritual matters. Thesuperiority of our New Testament books over other books in terms of content isclear when compared.
Because there was no central authority, consensus or near-consensus among apostolic churches about the authenticity of a book was a veryimportant consideration. It was because some books were so widely accepted byWestern churches that the Eastern church (Syria, Egypt, and Asia) also eventuallyaccepted those books.
Books considered as New Testament scripture needed to have themark of inspiration from God.
What books are included in the New Testament canon?
The New Testament is 27 short writings in Greek. Some are histories, some areletters, and one is a type of prophesy called an apocalypse.
These books present the Good News of Christianity. They are not biographies of Jesus in a formal sense, but narrowly focus on who Jesus was, whyHe came, and what He did to give us salvation.
Matthew, Mark, Luke are called the Synoptic Gospels because they sharea common view of the Good News. Written between 60 A.D. and 75 A.D.The Synoptic Gospels were written based on oral tradition (1 Cor 15:3-4)and possibly early collections of the sayings of Jesus.
The Gospel of John was written by the Apostle John, this gospel fills inunique teachings, stories, and viewpoints that were lacking in the earlier Synoptic Gospels. Probably written before or around 90 A.D.
This is a continuation of the Gospel of Luke and provides a history of thespread of Christianity in the 30 years following Jesus’ death and resurrection in 27A.D.
These are letters written by Paul during the course of hisministry and are probably the earliest New Testament documents written. Theywere saved and distributed among churches and treated as scripture at an earlydate (Col 4:16, 2 Thes 2:15, 2 Peter 3:15-16).
Letters to churches. Romans, 1 and 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians,Philippians, Colossians, 1 and 2 Thessalonians.