Before TJOFLAT and WILSON Circuit Judges, and COOGLER,
District Judge.WILSON, Circuit Judge:Under the doctrine known as ripeness, we must determine that a given issueis sufficiently developed (i.e., ripe) for judicial intervention before we will exercise jurisdiction over it. This appeal presents the question whether an Orthodox Jewishsynagogue’s statutory and constitutional challenges to its designation as a historiclandmark by a municipality are ripe for adjudication. We begin with the background facts necessary to our discussion.
Temple B’Nai Zion (Temple) is a Sephardic Jewish religious organizationthat operates an Orthodox Jewish synagogue in the City of Sunny Isles Beach,Florida (“Sunny Isles Beach” or “City”). The Temple purchased the land on whichit is currently situated from the Sunny Isles Epiphany Lutheran Church in 1977.Because the building had previously housed a Christian church, the Temple madecertain modifications to minimize Christian symbols on the property, includingremoving many of the stained-glass windows and attempting to conceal the cross-shaped design of the main sanctuary. The Temple then began operating as aConservative Judaic house of worship, and by 1986 the congregation had grown tosome 400 families.
Honorable L. Scott Coogler, United States District Judge for the Northern District of Alabama, sitting by designation.
Case: 12-12984 Date Filed: 08/29/2013 Page: 2 of 23