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EDEXCEL PHYSICS Model Answer Electric Field & Capacitors JUNE 2005 PHY5

# EDEXCEL PHYSICS Model Answer Electric Field & Capacitors JUNE 2005 PHY5

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EDEXCEL PAST PAPERS QUESTIONS SOLUTION BASED ON MARK SCHEME
PREPARING ONESELF TO NEW SYLLABUS PHYSICS UNIT 4 PHYSICS ON THE MOVE
EDEXCEL PAST PAPERS QUESTIONS SOLUTION BASED ON MARK SCHEME
PREPARING ONESELF TO NEW SYLLABUS PHYSICS UNIT 4 PHYSICS ON THE MOVE

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10/28/2013

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ELECTRIC FIELD & CAPACITOR MODEL SOLUTIONJUNE 20051. (i)
The equivalent capacitance of the two capacitors connected in parallel
= 2 μF + 2 μF= 4 μF

(ii)
Since both the the capacitance of each respective capacitors is 4 μF, the potential differenceacross 4 μF capacitors and parallel combination are the identical. It's calculated to be 12 Vacross each
Charge, Q = CV= 4 μF X 12 V= 48 μCOR  Combined capacitance1 / C
1
+ 1 / C
2
= 1 / C
effective
C
effective
= 2 μF Charge, Q = CV= 2 μF X 24 V= 48 μC
In series circuit, the total charge is constant anywhere in the circuit
3. (a)
The direction of the electric field lines is downward. AB is at higher potential (positive charge)than DC, which is at lower potential (negative charge). This is evident from the curved path of electron, moving towards positive potential, AB.
(b) (i) F = eE
whereE = electric field strength
E = V / d
whereV = potential difference between two conducting platesd = distance between two conducting platesTherefore, the force on the electron due to electric field
F = eV / d= 1.6 X 10
-19
X 250 / 0.05= 8 X 10
-16
N(ii)
The direction of the force is vertically upward, parallel with the electric field lines, movingtowards AB.There is no external force acting on the particle in the horizontal direction (if we do not takeinto account the friction force). Therefore, the horizontal velocity component does not changewith time. We have
v
x
= u
, where
u
is the initial velocity of an electron entering perpendicularly