By the end of this lecture, the students are expected to learn,1.
What is an optimization?2.
Different optimization tools utilized to optimize single and multi-variable problems.
Defining Optimum Design
In principle, an optimum design means the best or the most suitable of all the feasible conceptualdesigns. The optimization is the process of maximizing of a desired quantity or the minimizingof an undesired one. For example, optimization is often used by the mechanical engineers toachieve either a minimum manufacturing cost or a maximum component life. The aerospaceengineers may wish to minimize the overall weight of an aircraft. The production engineerswould like to design the optimum schedules of various machining operations to minimize theidle time of machines and overall job completion time, and so on.
Tools for Design Optimization
No single optimization method is available for solving all optimization problems in an uniqueefficient manner. Several optimization methods have been developed till date for solvingdifferent types of optimization problems. The optimization methods are generally classified under different groups such as (a) single variable optimization, (b) multi-variable optimization,(c) constrained optimization, (d) specialized optimization, and (e) non-traditional optimization.We would concentrate only single- and multi-variable optimization methods in this lecture and the interested readers can undertake further studies in appropriate references to understand themore advanced optimization techniques.
Single Variable Optimization Methods
This methods deal with the optimization of a single variable.
depicts various typesof extremes that can occur in an objective function, f(x) curve, where x is the design variable. Itcan be observed from the curve that both the points A and C are mathematical minima. The pointA, which is the larger of the two minima, is called a local minimum, while the point C is the