2.1The chalk Downs of the south coast arecovered by a shallow deposit of sandand clay which has washed down intothe valley behind. Here it has combinedwith the deposits from vegetationgrowth and river flooding. To the north,the ridge along the coast is mainly clay,limestone and sand. The dominantwinds are southerly in summer and
Wildlife and farming2.0 The Geography of Freshwater
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188.8.131.52The West Wight is considered to be the rural endof the Isle of Wight and the wide range of naturalfeatures within a small area attract a varied rangeof wildlife.The southern chalk Downs are freedraining,which, combined with the often strongsalt laden winds from the English Channel, giverise to some unique plants and wildlife not foundon the north shore only a mile away. The mainground cover is short grass but in protectedhollows, clustered bellflower,orchids and cowslipsgrow. The higher Downs are populated by rabbits.The slopes in the lee of theDowns support gorse, hawthornand ash trees. Badgers, foxesand small rodents live in thewooded areas and the old limequarries.The valleys and flood plainsconsist of green sands and claysthat, along with the marsh areas,support a number of rodents, bird life and larger mammals.Geographically and climatically, the north coast is less severe than the south. The soil has a higher sand andclay content which can result in severe coastal erosion. Trees, gorse and heather hold the soil in place andoffer a different habitat for butterflies, lizards, skylark, wheatear, linnet and kestrel.
are very important when linking the different types of areas. Apart from the openspaces, hedges and gardens are often used to link these across the urban spread. Examples of importantcorridors within the urban area are: along the north coast from Colwell to Norton Spit via FortVictoria, the wooded areas to the south of Golden Hill Country Park that link the Yar Valley with GoldenHill and then on to Colwell, Longhalves Lane and Stroud Coppice which links Golden Hill with AftonMarsh, Afton Marsh through Rectory Field, Camp Field, the football pitch and Grannies Mead on up toTennyson Down, Tennyson Down to Afton Down via Freshwater Bay.
within the West Wight is mainly split into three types. On the Downs sheep are grazed as well assome rare breed cattle. The areas below, are used for raising horses and dairy herds. The river valley and oldflood plains support crop cultivation, with this being split between cereals, market gardens and grass beinggrown as animal winter feed.184.108.40.206