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Jerarquia Estandar de Archivos en Linux - FHS 2.3

Jerarquia Estandar de Archivos en Linux - FHS 2.3

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Published by Gust Alva
Uno de los problemas que tienen los nuevos usuarios de un sistema Linux es el no saber que significan y para que se utilizan los diferentes directorios del sistema.
Uno de los problemas que tienen los nuevos usuarios de un sistema Linux es el no saber que significan y para que se utilizan los diferentes directorios del sistema.

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Published by: Gust Alva on Jun 15, 2009
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05/11/2014

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Filesystem Hierarchy Standard
Filesystem Hierarchy Standard Group
Edited by
Rusty RussellDaniel QuinlanChristopher Yeoh
 
Filesystem Hierarchy Standard
by Filesystem Hierarchy Standard GroupEdited by Rusty Russell, Daniel Quinlan, and Christopher YeohPublished January 28 2004Copyright © 1994-2004 Daniel QuinlanCopyright © 2001-2004 Paul ’Rusty’ RussellCopyright © 2003-2004 Christopher YeohThis standard consists of a set of requirements and guidelines for file and directory placement under UNIX-likeoperating systems. The guidelines are intended to support interoperability of applications, system administrationtools, development tools, and scripts as well as greater uniformity of documentation for these systems.
All trademarks and copyrights are owned by their owners, unless specifically noted otherwise. Use of a term in this document should not beregarded as affecting the validity of any trademark or service mark.Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of this standard provided the copyright and this permission notice are preservedon all copies.Permission is granted to copy and distribute modified versions of this standard under the conditions for verbatim copying, provided also thatthe title page is labeled as modified including a reference to the original standard, provided that information on retrieving the originalstandard is included, and provided that the entire resulting derived work is distributed under the terms of a permission notice identical to thisone.Permission is granted to copy and distribute translations of this standard into another language, under the above conditions for modifiedversions, except that this permission notice may be stated in a translation approved by the copyright holder.
 
Table of Contents
1. Introduction........................................................................................................................................................1
1.1. Purpose....................................................................................................................................................11.2. Conventions.............................................................................................................................................1
2. The Filesystem....................................................................................................................................................23. The Root Filesystem...........................................................................................................................................3
3.1. Purpose....................................................................................................................................................33.2. Requirements...........................................................................................................................................43.3. Specific Options......................................................................................................................................43.4. /bin : Essential user command binaries (for use by all users).................................................................43.4.1. Purpose.......................................................................................................................................43.4.2. Requirements..............................................................................................................................53.4.3. Specific Options..........................................................................................................................63.5. /boot : Static files of the boot loader.......................................................................................................63.5.1. Purpose.......................................................................................................................................63.5.2. Specific Options..........................................................................................................................73.6. /dev : Device files....................................................................................................................................73.6.1. Purpose.......................................................................................................................................73.6.2. Specific Options..........................................................................................................................73.7. /etc : Host-specific system configuration................................................................................................73.7.1. Purpose.......................................................................................................................................73.7.2. Requirements..............................................................................................................................73.7.3. Specific Options..........................................................................................................................73.7.4. /etc/opt : Configuration files for /opt..........................................................................................83.7.4.1. Purpose...........................................................................................................................93.7.4.2. Requirements.................................................................................................................93.7.5. /etc/X11 : Configuration for the X Window System (optional)..................................................93.7.5.1. Purpose...........................................................................................................................93.7.5.2. Specific Options.............................................................................................................93.7.6. /etc/sgml : Configuration files for SGML (optional)..................................................................93.7.6.1. Purpose.........................................................................................................................103.7.7. /etc/xml : Configuration files for XML (optional)....................................................................103.7.7.1. Purpose.........................................................................................................................103.8. /home : User home directories (optional)..............................................................................................103.8.1. Purpose.....................................................................................................................................103.8.2. Requirements............................................................................................................................103.9. /lib : Essential shared libraries and kernel modules..............................................................................103.9.1. Purpose.....................................................................................................................................103.9.2. Requirements............................................................................................................................103.9.3. Specific Options........................................................................................................................113.10. /lib<qual> : Alternate format essential shared libraries (optional).....................................................113.10.1. Purpose...................................................................................................................................113.10.2. Requirements..........................................................................................................................113.11. /media : Mount point for removeable media.......................................................................................113.11.1. Purpose...................................................................................................................................113.11.2. Specific Options......................................................................................................................123.12. /mnt : Mount point for a temporarily mounted filesystem..................................................................123.12.1. Purpose...................................................................................................................................123.13. /opt : Add-on application software packages......................................................................................123.13.1. Purpose...................................................................................................................................12
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