1987 PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTIONPreamble
We, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aid of Almighty God, in order to build a just and humane society and establish a Government that shall embody our ideals andaspirations, promote the common good, conserve and develop our patrimony, and secureto ourselves and our posterity the blessings of independence and democracy under therule of law and a regime of truth, justice, freedom, love, equality, and peace, do ordainand promulgate this Constitution.
Article I: National Territory
The national territory comprises the Philippine archipelago, with all the islands andwaters embraced therein, and all other territories over which the Philippines hassovereignty or jurisdiction, consisting of its terrestrial, fluvial and aerial domains,including its territorial sea, the seabed, the subsoil, the insular shelves, and other submarine areas. The waters around between, the connecting the islands of thearchipelago, regardless of their breadth and dimensions, from part of the internal watersof the Philippines.
Article II: Declaration of Principles and State Policies
1. The Philippines is a democratic and republican State. Sovereignty resides inthe people and all government authority emanates from them.
2. The Philippines renounces war as an instrument of national policy, adopts thegenerally accepted principles of international law as part of the law of the land andadheres to the policy of peace, equality, justice, freedom, cooperation, and amity with allnations.
3. Civilian authority is, at all times, supreme over the military. The ArmedForces of the Philippines is the protector of the people and the State. Its goal is to securethe sovereignty of the State and the integrity of the national territory.
4. The prime duty of the Government is to serve and protect the people. TheGovernment may call upon the people to defend the State and, in the fulfillment thereof,all citizens may be required, under conditions provided by law, to render personal,military or civil service.
5. The maintenance of peace and order, the protection of life, liberty, and property, and promotion of the general welfare are essential for the enjoyment by all the people of the blessings of democracy.