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Waste Energy Canada

Waste Energy Canada

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Waste to Energy
Waste to Energy

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Jorge Alejandro DelaVega Lozano on Jun 15, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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Waste-to-Energy Facility
June 2007
Since its opening in 1988, the Greater Vancouver Regional District’s(GVRD) Waste-to-Energy Facility (WTEF) has played an essential rolein the region’s integrated waste management system. Operated and maintained by Montenay Inc., the facility ensures that garbage isdisposed of in an environmentally safe manner, and generatesrenewable and valuable energy sources: steam and electricity.
The Waste-to-Energy Facility (WTEF) inBurnaby is one o the most efcient acilitieson the continent, processing about 20 percent o the Lower Mainland’s garbage, andplaying an essential role in the region’sintegrated waste management system.
Located in the commercial/industrialarea o South Burnaby, the WTEFprocesses about 20 per cent o theLower Mainland’s garbage, mainly romthe North Shore, Burnaby and NewWestminster.Every year, the WTEF turns approximately280,000 tonnes o garbage into900,000 tonnes o steam, providing botheconomic and environmental benefts.A portion o this steam is then sold to anearby paper recycling acility, helpingeliminate the use o ossil uels.In 2003, the GVRD installed a turbogenerator that uses the steam toproduce electricity, which is then sold toBC Hydro. In 2006, a $7 million upgradewas completed to increase the amounto heat recovered rom the waste andthereore the amount o electricityproduced. The revenue rom steam andelectrical sales osets the operationalcosts o the solid waste managementsystem.Strict environmental monitoringconfrms that the WTEF is one o thecleanest acilities o its kind. The SolidWaste Association o North America(SWANA) recognizes it as one o thebest acilities on the continent.In 2003, the Association o ProessionalEngineers and Geoscientists oB.C. (APEGBC) presented its frstSustainability Award to the GVRD, inpart or the installation o the turbogenerator.
This photo showsthe Waste-to-Energy Facility withthe steam line inthe oreground.The steam linesends steam toan adjacent paperrecycling millor operationalpurposes, anddisplaces their useo ossil uel.
 
The WTEF has been designed as a safeand environmentally-sound waste disposalfacility. Strict environmental testing andcontinuous emission monitoring showthat it meets all regulatory standards andhas no measurable impact on the air, soilor vegetation.This plant has three processing lines.Each line processes about 11.5 tonnes ofgarbage each hour, and produces aboutthree tonnes of steam for every tonne ofgarbage. This diagram below shows howone of these processing lines operates.
What goes in every day:
830 tonnes o garbage6 tonnes o lime (to control acidgas emissions)50 megawatt-hours o electricity850 kilograms o ammonia (tocontrol nitrogen oxide emissions)144 kilograms o activated carbon(to control mercury emissions)2200 kilograms o phosphoricacid (added to stabilize leachablemetals in the fy ash)
What comes out every day:
960 tonnes o steam sold tonearby paper plant400 megawatt-hours o electricity135 tonnes o bottom ash (used inroad building and landll cover)28 tonnes o fy ash (disposed atlandll)27 tonnes o scrap metal (recycledinto reinorcing steel)
The Burnaby Waste-to-Energy Facility:
an efcient, environmentally-responsible disposal process.
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1. Trucks haul garbage collected rom curbside and municipal transer stations to the acility.Ater being weighed, they tip their loads into the reuse bunker, which holds up to 4,000tonnes o garbage.2. The reuse bunker is completely contained within the plant. Air or the combustion isdrawn rom the bunkers, so no odours can escape. Two overhead cranes mix the garbageand lit it into the eed chutes.3. Garbage moves down the chute to the grate where it is incinerated at temperatures omore than 1000° Celsius. Residue rom garbage that does not burn is called bottom ash.This ash drops into the ash discharger and is carried to the ash bunker.4. The heat and gases rom the incinerating process pass into the boiler area, where theyheat tubes lled with water. The water becomes steam in a process that cools the gases.These gases are then sent to the fue gas cleaning system.5. Steam produced by the WTEF is sent to a turbo generator tocreate electricity or sale to the BC Hydro electrical grid.6. The Heat Recovery Economizer recovers residual heat andreduces the temperature o the gases to prepare them or thefue gas cleaning.7. Lime and carbon injection reactor captures acid gases and anymercury that might be present.8. Fabric bags lter the gases to remove acids, metals andparticulate matter.9. The cleaned gas is discharged through the stack, which is 60metres high (about the same height as B.C. Place Stadium).A portion o the steamproduced by the WTEF issold to a paper mill thatrecycles paper products toproduce cardboard.Fly ash comes rom the smallparticles o incinerated waste thatbecome airborne and are capturedby the fue gas cleaning system.The fy ash is treated and disposedo as regular municipal solid waste.An average o 80 garbage trucksdump their loads into the bunkerevery day, seven days a week!Bottom ash amounts to about 17 percent o the waste that comes into theplant. Ferrous metals are magneticallyremoved rom the bottom ash andsold to a recycling company toproduce reinorcing steel.The remaining bottom ash is usedas an aggregate (crushed rock)material in building roads and asa daily cover on landll sites.

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