The WTEF has been designed as a safeand environmentally-sound waste disposalfacility. Strict environmental testing andcontinuous emission monitoring showthat it meets all regulatory standards andhas no measurable impact on the air, soilor vegetation.This plant has three processing lines.Each line processes about 11.5 tonnes ofgarbage each hour, and produces aboutthree tonnes of steam for every tonne ofgarbage. This diagram below shows howone of these processing lines operates.
What goes in every day:
• 830 tonnes o garbage• 6 tonnes o lime (to control acidgas emissions)• 50 megawatt-hours o electricity• 850 kilograms o ammonia (tocontrol nitrogen oxide emissions)• 144 kilograms o activated carbon(to control mercury emissions)• 2200 kilograms o phosphoricacid (added to stabilize leachablemetals in the fy ash)
What comes out every day:
• 960 tonnes o steam sold tonearby paper plant• 400 megawatt-hours o electricity• 135 tonnes o bottom ash (used inroad building and landll cover)• 28 tonnes o fy ash (disposed atlandll)• 27 tonnes o scrap metal (recycledinto reinorcing steel)
The Burnaby Waste-to-Energy Facility:
an efcient, environmentally-responsible disposal process.
1. Trucks haul garbage collected rom curbside and municipal transer stations to the acility.Ater being weighed, they tip their loads into the reuse bunker, which holds up to 4,000tonnes o garbage.2. The reuse bunker is completely contained within the plant. Air or the combustion isdrawn rom the bunkers, so no odours can escape. Two overhead cranes mix the garbageand lit it into the eed chutes.3. Garbage moves down the chute to the grate where it is incinerated at temperatures omore than 1000° Celsius. Residue rom garbage that does not burn is called bottom ash.This ash drops into the ash discharger and is carried to the ash bunker.4. The heat and gases rom the incinerating process pass into the boiler area, where theyheat tubes lled with water. The water becomes steam in a process that cools the gases.These gases are then sent to the fue gas cleaning system.5. Steam produced by the WTEF is sent to a turbo generator tocreate electricity or sale to the BC Hydro electrical grid.6. The Heat Recovery Economizer recovers residual heat andreduces the temperature o the gases to prepare them or thefue gas cleaning.7. Lime and carbon injection reactor captures acid gases and anymercury that might be present.8. Fabric bags lter the gases to remove acids, metals andparticulate matter.9. The cleaned gas is discharged through the stack, which is 60metres high (about the same height as B.C. Place Stadium).A portion o the steamproduced by the WTEF issold to a paper mill thatrecycles paper products toproduce cardboard.Fly ash comes rom the smallparticles o incinerated waste thatbecome airborne and are capturedby the fue gas cleaning system.The fy ash is treated and disposedo as regular municipal solid waste.An average o 80 garbage trucksdump their loads into the bunkerevery day, seven days a week!Bottom ash amounts to about 17 percent o the waste that comes into theplant. Ferrous metals are magneticallyremoved rom the bottom ash andsold to a recycling company toproduce reinorcing steel.The remaining bottom ash is usedas an aggregate (crushed rock)material in building roads and asa daily cover on landll sites.