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Engineering Handbook

Engineering Handbook

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Published by Sudarshan

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Published by: Sudarshan on Jun 15, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/18/2013

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I   U  S I   S  S 
FOR SERVICE, PLEASE CALL1-800-877-HIPCO
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Material Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-4Industrial Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-17Chemical Resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18-38Relative Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39-41Thermoplastic Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42-63Above-Ground Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64-73Below-Ground Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .74-76Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77Installation of ThermoplasticsSolvent Cementing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78-86Threading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .87-89Flanged Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90Fiberglass Reinforced Plastics (FRP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91-92Hydraulic Fundamentals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93-95Conversion Charts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .96-102Pump Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103-104Glossary of Piping Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .105-108
Harrington's corporate office in Chino, CA
 
FOR SERVICE, PLEASE CALL1-800-877-HIPCO
   M   A   T   E   R   I   A   L   D   E   S   C   R   I   P   T   I   O   N
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MATERIALDESCRIPTION
POLYVINYLS
PVC (POLYVINYLCHLORIDE)
has a relatively high tensilestrength and modulus of elasticity and therefore is strongerand more rigid than most other thermoplastics. Themaximum service temperature is 140°F for Type 1. PVChas excellent chemical resistance to a wide range of corro-sive fluids, but may be damaged by ketones, aromatics, andsome chlorinated hydrocarbons. It has proved an excellentmaterial for process piping (liquids and slurries), waterservice, and industrial and laboratory chemical wastedrainage. Joining methods are solvent welding, threading(Schedule 80 only), or flanging.
CPVC (CHLORINATED POLYVINYLCHLORIDE)
is partic-ularly useful for handling corrosive fluids at temperatures upto 210°F. In chemical resistance, it is comparable to PVC. Itweighs about one-sixth as much as copper, will not sustaincombustion (self-extinguishing), and has low thermalconductivity. Suggested uses include process piping forhot, corrosive liquids; hot and cold water lines in officebuildings and residences; and similar applications above thetemperature range of PVC. CPVC pipe may be joined bysolvent welding, threading, or flanging.
POLYOLEFINS
POLYPROPYLENE (HOMOPOLYMER)
is the lightestthermoplastic piping material, yet it has considerablestrength, outstanding chemical resistance, and may be usedat temperatures up to 180°F in drainage applications.Polypropylene is an excellent material for laboratory andindustrial drainage piping where mixtures of acids, bases,and solvents are involved. It has found wide application inthe petroleum industry where its resistance to sulfur-bearingcompounds is particularly useful in salt water disposal line,chill water loops, and demineralized water. Joining methodsare coil fusion and socket heat welding.
COPOLYMER POLYPROPYLENE
is a copolymer of propy-lene and polybutylene. It is made of high molecular weightcopolymer polypropylene and possesses excellent dielectricand insulating properties because of its structure as a non-polar hydrocarbon polymer. It combines high chemical resis-tance with toughness and strength at operating tempera-tures from freezing to 200°F. It has excellent abrasion resis-tance and good elasticity, and is joined by butt and socketfusion.
POLYETHYLENE,
although its mechanical strength iscomparatively low, polyethylene exhibits very good chemi-cal resistance and is generally satisfactory when used attemperatures below 120°F. Types I and II (low and mediumdensity) polyethylene are used frequently in tanks, tubing,and piping. Polyethylene is excellent for abrasive slurries. Itis generally joined by butt fusion.
FLUOROPOLYMERS
PVDF (POLYVINYLIDENE FLUORIDE)
is a strong, tough,and abrasion-resistantfluoroplastic material. It resistsdistortion and retains most of its strength to 280°F. As wellas being ideally suited to handle wet and dry chlorine,bromine, and other halogens, it also withstands most acids,bases, and organic solvents. PVDF is not recommended forstrong caustics. It is most widely recognized as the materi-al of choice for high purity piping such as deionized water.PVDF is joined by thermal butt, socket, or electrofusion.
HALAR
is a durable copolymer of ethylene and chlorofluo-roethylene with excellent resistance to a wide variety ofstrong acids, chlorine, solvents, and aqueous caustics.Halar has excellent abrasion resistance, electric properties,low permeability, temperature capabilities from cryogenic to340°F, and radiation resistance. Halar has excellent applica-tion for high purity hydrogen peroxide and is joined by ther-mal butt fusion.
TEFLON
There are three members of the Teflon family of resins.
PTFE TEFLON
is the original Teflon resin developed byDuPont in 1938. This fluoropolymer offers the most uniqueand useful characteristics of all plastic materials. Productsmade from this resin handle liquids or gases up to 500°F.The unique properties of this resin prohibit extrusion orinjection molding by conventional methods. When meltedPTFE does not flow like other thermoplastics and it must beshaped initially by techniques similar to powder metallurgy.Normally PTFE is an opaque white material. Once sinteredit is machined to the desired part.
FEPTEFLON
was also invented by DuPont and became acommercial product in 1960. FEPis a true thermoplastic thatcan be melt-extruded and fabricated by conventional meth-ods. This allows for more flexibility in manufacturing. Thedielectric properties and chemical resistance are similar toother Teflons, but the temperature limits are -65°F to a max-imum of 300°F. FEPhas a glossy surface and is transpar-ent in thin sections. It eventually becomes translucent asthickness increases. FEPTeflon is the most transparent ofthe three Teflons. It is widely used for its high ultraviolet lighttransmitting ability.
Caution:
While the Teflon resin family has greatmechanical properties and excellent temperatureresistance, care must be taken when selecting theproper method of connections for your pipingsystem. Generally, Teflon threaded connectionswill handle pressures to 120 PSIG. Loose ferruleconnections are limited to 60 PSIG at ambienttemperatures. Teflon loses it’s ability to bear a loadat elevated temperatures quicker than other ther-moplastics. When working with the PTFE productsshown in this catalog external ambient tempera-tures ranging from -60°F to 250°F (-5C to 12C)may be handled safely. Fluid or gas tempera-tures inside the product should be limited to -60 to400°F (-51°C to 204°C) unless otherwise noted.Always use extreme care when working with chem-icals at elevated temperatures.

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