• • • • І
Dedicated to theof younfof UkramlaaInformative,Supplement ofUkratatea Dally SvobodaPublished by tieUkramlaa NitloaaJ
The Ukrainian Weekly Section
StreetJeney Ctty S,
Ukrainian National Aaa'aToL HEndenoa 4-lOGLi
SVOBODA — UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SECTION. SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 7, 1953
END OF THE MIDDLE ITHE RUSSIAN INVENTORSCLASSThe Russians are a right in-PerleMeeta, formerly Amer-'ventive folk, though we wishlean minister to Luxembourg,' they weren't so diffident aboutrecently made .an extended
ll. Sometimes they waitvisit to Russia, and wrote a half a century or more to tel!series of articles .about her ex- the world about their accom-periences. In one of them,' pUahments.
Meeta said. "Wherever
Within the past year or
-I moved I was- amazed to see ^
how Russia was divided so L
f baaeball origmated
on thesharply into two broad classes
The detaila of thls
—the rich who had much and!
invention escape usthe poor who had little. Every-'
but M we recaU it a Ru8sian
thing in Moscow deemed to con-'
wasn4 it a
feller namedtradict the Communist stories
ietalk ? - drew upof the classless society which !^
flret diamond Iayout on
nthe Russians were supposed to
be building About all they belsbol.seem to have achieved has' „'.,„,..been to wipe out the middle!- Now the Soviets have movedclass,leaving the extremes as
great or greater than ever." !*
Carolina al the way toAt one extreme Mrs. Mesta
ere s no use msaw legions of ragged peasants °"
and workers, living at a bare|
subsistence level. At the other!
Soviet air force pub-she saw luxury shops which '"cation — Air - fleet Herald —can be patronized only by the admits that the Wright broth-elite, and a roqf-top restaurant
к off from КІІІ
wher a dinner for two cost 120
ш 1903 but
rubles. The average Russian Wrights were twenty yearsworker earns 600 rubles e'
*'month! The Russians say that anAll the flne-spun theories Inventor named A. E. Mozhai-notwithstanding, there are sky patented the flrst plane onmore class distinctions and November 3, 1881; built it themore social and economic op- next summer and tested itpression of the masses under successfully some time be-' communism and the other tween 1883 and 1885.totalitarian. systems, than the
The Russians say that
has knowtt In centuries, this Information about the in-'The few have every luxury— vention of the airplane can beand the many have barely found in their archives which,enough for survival. Starva- of course, they also invented,tion, imprisonment and liquida- •tion await those who protest.This is what always happens vast and ever-increasing pow-when a people give government er over their lives. -^
UKRAINIAN EXPOSITION BOOTHWORTH TO VISIT[Capacity Audience'What an Ally the Ukrainians Would
Catch it if you can possiblymake it before the dossingdate of November 8th. That
the lovely display of the Ukrainian booth at the Women'sInternational Exposition ofof Arts and Industries currently holding forth' at the 7l8tRegiment Armory in NewYork City, at 34th Street andPark Avenue. •It was such a
pleasant feeling to come upon the Ukrainian booth and see the attainment of that precious achievement: an aii» of richness, ofdignity and quiet pride.If you want, to see a rich, | "how" wiltlovely color effect in muted
week,autumnal tones. If you like toapprecciate line, texture, form,in an uncluttered, harmonious
seems, reached a happy pointwhole. If you want to see beau-
staging folk-art exhibitstiful examples of our handi- Gleaned from newly-arrivedcraft: linens,' ceramics, cos-j Ukrainians, we now have irThe Easter eggs on displayand sale include authentic andelaborate designs.A new attraction at theArmory is the aisle of holidaytable settings by various nationality groups. See the attractive Ukrainian style of thefurniture in the dining room ofour section.We came too early in theweek and too late in the dayto learn more details beyondthose given in the attractiveprograms being given out, butmore behind-the-scenes information on "who", "what" anrbe forthcomimWith this exhibit as a finrcriterion, we have at last, i'. tumes, wood-carvings. Then byall means go see the Ukrainian bootii.You will be proud to showthe tiny model.of the woodenchurch, a fine example ofunique Ukrainian architecture.Or see the exquisite workmanship in the three "museum-type" dolls, wearing historicalcostumes of Ukrainian princesses (one of which, incidentally, was purchased by a doll-collect of less than an hourafter it was put'on display.)You could treat your friendsor family to some delicioustorte, which is on sale. Or youcould solve Christmas shopping problems by purchasingsome fine modern Ukrainianceramics: ash .trays, cigaretteboxes, vases, etc. ' There areembroidered blouses and linenson sale, as well as dolls, bothfor collectors and the small-fry.this country enough finely-cxecuted and authentic pieces ofart and handcraft to select andcreate a harmonious whole effect We also have experts,with unimpeachable taste anddiscrimination who can themselves fashion or create anymissing examples necessary
an overall plan. Add to thiFthe hard-won business acumenand the public-relations knowledge of our Ukrainian Americans, and we have the propercombination to produce exhibits like the one at the ParkGo and enjoy it.—M.M.
Attends Nov. 1stHoliday inChicago
Under the auspices of thelocal branch of the UCCA theUkrainian community in Chicago observed last Sunday inChopin Hall the Declaration ofthe Western Ukrainian Republic on November 1st, 1918.The hall was filled to capacity.Principal speaker was Dr.M. Stakhiv.
Musical program was presented by Eugenia Vinnichen-ko'Mozhova, soprano, and theBoyan chorus directed by Mr.Poznata.Basialian Abbot W. Gavlichof. the Ukrainian CatholicChurch in Chicago conductedMemorial Services Sunday forthose who have died in thestruggle for Ukrainian na-teional liberation.
Make If War Ever Broke OutTo Give DetroitConcert
Helena GaleyHelen Galey, a leading Ukrainian mezzo-soprano, whostudied in Ukraine, Italy andGermany, and who has received fine reviews in thiscountry and in Canada, will?ive a recital Sunday, November 15, б P.M., in the Ukrainian Temple in Detroit, Mich.
Wins UkrainianChild Health andBeauty Contest
Twenty nationally costumedchildren were entered in theUkrainian section of the chil-iren's Health and Beauty Showheld Tuesday afternoon at NewYork's 71st Regiment Armoryin Park Avenue. The show
part of the Children'sPerle Mesta's recent articleconcerning the fact, which shefound while visiting Kiev andother Ukrainian centers, thatUkrainians there feel insultedif they are called Russians,has evoked considerable commentTo illustrate: a Thomas L.Jordan of Chicago wrote thefollowing letter to the ChicagoDaily News, which appearedin its October 28 last number,titled "Cheered by Report onthe Ukrainians":, "I have found the seriesof articles by Perle Mestavery interesting—but mostinteresting of all entitled| Smile Pardner When YouCall Ukrainian a Russian.'"I have always thoughtthat Ukrainians were Russian but this article reallyopened my eyes."In fact, I even looked inmy encyclopedia—did youknow that there are 40million Ukrainians?"My goodness, if thatthere are that many ofthem let's get them on ourside. Boy! What an allythey would make If war everbroke out"
In her fifth of ten articleson life in the Soviet Unionfrom which she recently returned from an extended"^dattto it reported In various newspapers in this country undervarious headlines, Perle Mesta,former American Minister toLuxembourg, reported
that in"Kharkiv and later in Kiev ofthe Ukraine, I learned thatthere is hardly a greater offense than to mistake a Ukrainian for a Russian."The various peoples shewould meet on the streets andin the parks she often asked:"Are you a Russian?"Mesta writes that they "retorted as if I had slappedthem in the face and repliedangrily: 'Russian? Russian?
No. Ukrainian! Ukrainian!"Mesta then writes that shfhad known that the Ukrainians cherished their own nationality but that she had notrealized that they would"consider it an insult to betaken for Russian—as if itwere the last thing they wouldcare to be mistaken for."
Mesta continues to explain that this reaction of theUkrainians she may shedssome light on why the Kremlincontinues to be troubled aboutsecond largestrunning commentary of 'lies!'lies!' until I imagined that thewhole theatre could hear him.'The movie, for me, had nowturned into a frighteningthriller, which was not on thejscreen but in the darkness ofthe theater and in the audience immediately around me.I waited with bated breath tosee whether someone wouldcome to tap the on the shoulder or haul him out of hisseat"
Mesta tells what a merciful sense of relief came over
Connecticut. LeadsUNA Drive
"At a time when the entireUNA membership has had anincrease of 20%, the UNAmembership in Connecticut hashad aa» increase of 30%," declared UNA President DmytroHalychyn addressing a meeting of officers of Conn. UNAbranches held last Sunday,November 1st in New Haven.Among the speakers wasAntin Malanchuk, UNA organizer.Elected to office in theUnited UNA Branches of Conn.
Ukrainian Elected Mayor of Buffalo
Steven Pankow, Ukrainian by absence from the mayor's of-descent, won the Buffalo, N. Y. fice and control of local pa-mayoral race in a breathtaking tronage.photo-finish last Tuesday, giv-'j Pankow most likely willing the City its first incoming have an upper hand in a partyD e m о c r at ic Administration' struggle because he will con-since 1941.Pankow is the first American of Ukrainian descent tobecome Mayor.Among his most active supporters was Walter Chopyk,well known in Ukrainian American younger generation activities.Though Mayor-elect Pan-kow'e win was by a scantplurality, he held the Democratic ticket in high vote andat the meeting were John Te-_ > „ _. ^
pres., E. Homotiuk, viceher when the movie came to an „. ' , ,,
. .. ., ..
- Sta- left no doubt according to theend,. with the Ukrainian com- . , _* , , _ _ , _ , _ ., ,mentator .till intact! I got ***.
*?up and left the theater, com-
«>тр- he had helped to carry the... , * . u trollers. 'party to success to end a longpletely exhausted by nervous;
Ьtension." It seemed like amiracle that the Ukrainian hadescaped arrest Could it bethat those who had overheardhim felt the same way aboutthe film."Kiev--the Most ImpressiveCity in USSR
"Free World Needs IndependentUkraine": Sen. Ferguson
"Ukraine and other nationsbehind the Iron Curtain enslaved by Moscow must havetheir national independence ifReferring to her visit to freedom of nations and indi-Kiev, Mrs. Mesta notes that viduals is to prevail through-the people of this ancient
the world; the independ-capital of Ukraine "were as
Ukraine will secure thecordial as those I had met in continued Independence ofKharkov, and their city was America and other countries,"even more beautiful—the most
declared Senator Homer Fer-impressive dty I visited In the,guaon
Michigan, address-USSR. They seemed particu- ш
£ a November 1st Observancelaxly pleased when they dis-liaet Sunday, November 1stcovered I was an American— held in the Ukrainian Temple,one of the first they had seen Detroit, under the auspices ofsince Moscow lifted its ban
the Ukrainian CommunityFOUR UKRAINIANDEPUTIES IN CANADIANPARLIAMENTFour Canadians of Ukrainian descent were elected tothe Dominion Parliamentthe last election heldProgram staged in conjunction'
with the week-long Women's "republic" in the Soviet Union'nternational Exposition of
Md the source of much of itfi
Arts and Indusries, in which
coaI and ,ron ore
-Ukrainians of the Metropol-
- Mesta recounts an in-itan area are taking part. cident which took place in aThe first prize in each na- Kha»*kiv movie theatre which shetionality group was a gold attended following a dinner inbracelet and one was awarded
restaurant to which a Uk-to Marta Kopacz, age 11, in rainian cab driver had takenthe Ukrainian section. Marta her. The cab driver had al-s the daughter of veterinarian ready told her not to expectDr Wolodymyr and Irena Ko- the Ukrainians to tell her how
they really felt about the So-' Highlight of the whole chib
iet because it would meaniren's program was the un- Prison if they were overheard,usually fine performance by
"Therefore," she writes, "Inrohibiting foreigners fromtraveling to Kiev/, the capitalof an ostensibly independentcountry, a member of theUnited Nations."She tells of how Ukrainianseither working or staying atthe hotel where she stayed,would come up and chat withher without waiting for her tospeak first. As she says, "Itwas a small but significant
ference as compared with theNational Hotel, where I stayed in Moscow after movingfrom Spaso. There the Russians were still too fearful toapproach a foreigner."Still there were the expecteddifficulties in her conversationswith the Ukrainians. She telleof a conversation she was having with a Ukrainian womanon a Kievan park bench, whoconfiding that she admiried theAmericans, rose abruptly andwalked away with her daughter, who had been playingnearby. In the distance Mrs.Mesta noticed a policeman approaching.Committee, affiliated with theUkrainian Congress Committee of America,Messages of greeting .andassurances of their support ofthe Ukrainian liberation movement were received from Michigan Governor William, Detroit Mayor, CouncUwomarMary Beck, and other dignitaries.Principal Ukrainian speaker was Wasyl Mudriy of NewYork, UCCA representative.Talk in English was by Stephen Lucky, Detroit attorney.Opening by Myron Dolnitsky.SUMA members presented sscene entitled "Lviw Is AlwaypLoyal to Ukraine." Musicalportion of program was furnished by the male chorus ofthe Ukrainian Four Freedomsorganization, directed by B.Kushnir.trol jobs outside Civil Service.Pankow received a tumultuous ovation at his head-'quarters following his victory.He was swamped immediatelyupon his entrance by millingadmirers. Women kissed andhugged him. The men wrunghis hand or slapped his back,sometimes so exhuberantlythey sent him plunging forward into the crowd.Choking with emotion Pankow said:"All I can tell you right nows thank God and thank all> you good people. Wordr.ail me at this moment.. .*'lis voice broke and he stepped down from the dair..ARTISTS TO GIVECONCERTMichael Minsky, prominentUkrainian baritone, will prc-lent on Sunday, November 15,
MAP SCHOLARS' FUND
Ukrainian American stu- Conceived earlier this yeardents in Greater Cleveland the student fund program, it iiwho qualify soon may be re- hoped, will be in operation b;celvlng financial aid permitting the time most colleges and unithem to complete college or versiteies are ready to begiruniversity studies they other- spring semesters next year,wise could not afford, the! Miss Kulchycky said it wouldCleveland Plain Dealer re- ^
chapters in 22 citierported last Monday, Novem-
the funds to supporher 2.
the scholarship plan.Such a scholarship fund for,
е money wil
Ukrainian students was de-
from programa 8pon80re
d bvscribed last Sunday by Miss
tfae chapterai but contr
ibutiomEleanor Kulchycky of Now
business an-York, national president of
lcomcthe Federation of Ukrainian
The federation exists to foe-tudent Organizations inArncricfl
*- *u« ter high scholastic standard.'-Miss Kulchvcky spoke to the ... ,federation's Cleveland chapter
at the Ukrainian
fences among Ukrainian stu
Home, 2251 W. 14th Street
Ukrainian American VeteransTo Install Officers
The Ukrainian American ed and the post was charteredVeterans of the United States'bv the State of Connecticut,has announced the installation The Ladies Auxiliary came in-of the Ukrainian American to being in June of 1952 andVeterans Poet of Greater Hart-
has been a most important an-ford, Conn, as a member post nex of the Post and very aeon November 14, 1953. The
tivc in post matters as well asdents, either American born оtransplanted citizens.Ukrainian student groups always had existed at collegesand universities in this country, Miss Kulchycky said, butseveral years ago a Clevelandgroup eparked a move whichled to the federation of theseunits.A. V. of the U. S. in Philadcl-
Michael MinskyГ:30 p.m., at the Fashion Insti-
\v. 24th St., New York,і Concert featuring composi-ion.s of three distinguishedUkrainian composers and pian-
each of whom will ac-ютрапу him. They are Antinludnitsky, V. Hrudyn and M./omenko.
"Over forty million Ukrain-ins -and twenty-five million'oles, and many other peoples\wniteagerly the day of theiriberation." said Mr. Auberonlorbert, British journalist,»n his visit to Madrid, Spain.Through the offices of Mr.\ndreKishka, representative»f the Ukrainian NationalCouncil in Spain, Mr. HerbertTave an interview to YA, largest Spanish daily of Madrid,in which he stated that Ukrainian and Polish radio broadcasts emanating from Madridand Rome are "enjoying fullfreedom and sincerity." Hesaid that neither the BBC northe Radio-Paris allows suchfreedom.UCCA BRANCH TO BEESTABUSIIKD INALLENTOWNA branch of the Ukrainianphla, Pa. last May.The addition of this Post isceremonies will take place at in their own accomplishments, another step forward In the„
8 P.M. at the Ukrainian Amer- The Post has maintained a UAVs attempt to gather in.he fourteen nationally-garbed
terrified by what happen- |
ican Citizena Club
53 Whit-ivery varied and active calen- one organization all Ameri-ballet students of Prima Bal- ed a few hours later [when]|
Hartford, Conn.ldar. Annual affairs Include cans of Ukrainian descentwhoj
Committee of Amer\erinaValentina Pereyaslavetz, **
him introduced a scene ;
А djmce wm
Easter Bingo, Family Outing, have fought and served for the
n be established in thea performance which aroused
out 'The Voice of America I .^
Picnics, Thanksgiving Bingo Armed Forces of the United
Ukrainian community of Al-much favorable comment from and went into a vicious attack,
onl^ the Christmas Party. In States of America.
ia Sunday,other nationality groups.
on the United States. A
lOctober 24, 1950 when a meet- addition, with the auxiliary, American organization with November 8. The organiza-Also appearing on the Uk- rainian man. having heard me ^
Ukraln-|the post has a group trip to the background and вутра-1
ting will take placerainian program were members epeaking English, kept
descent of the area met at New York City and a semi- thies of our ancestry, it can" " """ — " ——«-—«.-*rjtai All
'formal dance this year. The accomplish much for the goodpresent Commander Jerry Ара- Of
h.nowitch and Senior Vice Com-1 All veterans and their friendsmandcr Wasyl Plaskonos, to- are cordially invited to attend'will address the Novemberaether with members of the the ceremonies and festivities First rally to be held at theAuxiliary, also attended the to take place in Hartford, Lehigh Saengerbund,^ 227 N.Annual Convention of the U.,Conn., on November 14th. 15th streetAll lies!'of the Ukrainian Plast. i
Uee: ли ,,си;
;the old citizens club under the1 Mrs. Mesta whispered that chairmanship pf Walter Med-(Party of Progressive Conser- he should shush because some-
д working organizationin vatists); John Decore (Lib-
e might overhear him.
created and the Post hason eral Party); Fedir Zaplitny
"But the stronger the at- been in existence since thatAugust 10, 1953 in Canada. (SSF) and Ambrose Holovach tacks on the screen," she date. In 1953 formal Constitu-Elected were: Michael Starr (Social Credit Party).
writes, "the louder became his tion and By-Laws were adopt-in the afternoon. It will be attended by Joseph Lesawyer,treasurer of the UCCA. In the[evening, p.m., Mr. Lesawyer