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Is there a relationship between restricted, repetitive,stereotyped behaviors and interests and abnormalsensory response in children with autismspectrum disorders?

Is there a relationship between restricted, repetitive,stereotyped behaviors and interests and abnormalsensory response in children with autismspectrum disorders?

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Published by Raisa Coppola
This study examined the relation between restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped behaviors and interests(RBs) and sensory responses in a group of 70 children and adolescents diagnosed with an autism spectrumdisorder (ASD). Caregivers completed the Repetitive Behavior Scale-Revised (RBS-R) and the SensoryProfile. Controlling for IQ and age, total RBS-R and Sensory Profile scores revealed significant correlationsboth prior to and after removing overlapping items. Examination of the co-occurrence of RBs and atypicalsensoryresponsesinthispopulationsuggestsasubgrouphasconsistentlyhighratesofproblemsinbothRBsandsensoryprocessing.Inaddition,thissubgrouphashighratesofprescribedpsychoactivemedicationsandco-morbidpsychiatricdiagnoses.TheIQandageofthissubgroupdidnotdiffersignificantlyfromtherestof the participants. Results are consistent with previous research describing the co-occurrence of RBs andsensory response abnormalities in the ASD population. Further investigation of the subset of individualswith ASD who have high rates of RBs and abnormal sensory responses may lead to a more comprehensiveunderstanding of their clinical picture and improve interventions. Additionally, research with this subgroupmay have significance for identifying a specific phenotype in ASD
This study examined the relation between restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped behaviors and interests(RBs) and sensory responses in a group of 70 children and adolescents diagnosed with an autism spectrumdisorder (ASD). Caregivers completed the Repetitive Behavior Scale-Revised (RBS-R) and the SensoryProfile. Controlling for IQ and age, total RBS-R and Sensory Profile scores revealed significant correlationsboth prior to and after removing overlapping items. Examination of the co-occurrence of RBs and atypicalsensoryresponsesinthispopulationsuggestsasubgrouphasconsistentlyhighratesofproblemsinbothRBsandsensoryprocessing.Inaddition,thissubgrouphashighratesofprescribedpsychoactivemedicationsandco-morbidpsychiatricdiagnoses.TheIQandageofthissubgroupdidnotdiffersignificantlyfromtherestof the participants. Results are consistent with previous research describing the co-occurrence of RBs andsensory response abnormalities in the ASD population. Further investigation of the subset of individualswith ASD who have high rates of RBs and abnormal sensory responses may lead to a more comprehensiveunderstanding of their clinical picture and improve interventions. Additionally, research with this subgroupmay have significance for identifying a specific phenotype in ASD

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Published by: Raisa Coppola on Sep 01, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/05/2014

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