The skull without the lower jaw.DentaryBone forming one side of the lower jaw.DentitionThe full set of teeth. Most mammals have specialised carnivore,herbivore or insectivore dentition. Dental formulas are given for most of the skulls illustrated.DiastemaA long natural gap in a row of teeth, especially that between the incisors(or canines) and the cheek teeth in herbivores.DolichocephalicLong headed. Referring to breeds of dog such as collies andgreyhounds.DorsalConcerning the top: e.g. "dorsal view" is a view from the top.EpiphysisThe smooth, rounded or curved area at the end of a bone, forming anarticulating surface of a joint. In young animals epiphyses are separatedfrom the main body of the bone by a layer of cartilage, to allow for growth. The timing of their fusion gives a clue as to the age of theindividual.EurokaryoticConforming to EU legislation on chromosome number.ForamenHole in a bone for nerves and blood vessels.Foramen magnumLarge opening in the back of the skull, through which the spinal cordleaves the brain. The occipital condyles lie on either side.Frontal bonesForm the top, front part of the braincase.Herbivore dentitionTooth pattern found in typical plant-eaters such as cattle and rabbits.Prominent incisors are separated from the cheek teeth by a longdiastema.Horn corePorous bone projecting from the frontal bone, on which the horn grows.IncisiformShaped like an incisor. In some herbivores, especially deer, the lower canine teeth form part of the row of incisors instead of being cylindricaland pointed.IncisorsFront teeth, between the canines. Upper incisors grow from thepremaxilla, but other upper teeth grow from the maxilla.Infraorbital foramenA large hole in the side of the maxilla, usually in front of or below theorbit.Insectivore dentitionTeeth mostly simple points, as in the hedgehog, mole and shrews.