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Digital Processes

# Digital Processes

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03/17/2011

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E  l  e  c  t  r  o  n  i  c  s  4 .  4  :  D  i  g  i  t  a  l   P  r  o  c  e  s  s  e  s
PageTitle
2)Contents Page3)Header Page4)Learning Outcomes6)Introducing Transistors7)Transistor Terminals8)Transistor as a Switch9)How Transistors Work10)Transistor Switching Example11)Transistor Circuit #1: Temperature-Controlled Circuit12)Transistor Circuit #2: Light-Controlled Circuit13)Transistor Circuit #3: Time-Controlled Circuit14)Summary of Transistor Switching Circuits16)Logic17)Revision: Digital Signals18)Introduction to Logic19)Logic: Switches in Series20)Logic: Switches in Parallel21)Logic: Opposites!22)Truth Tables23)Logic Gates: AND24)Logic Gates: OR25)Logic Gates: NO26)Summary of Logic Gates and Truth Tables28)Combinational Logic Circuits29)Logic Circuit #1: Cars Hot Engine30)Logic Circuit #2: Central Heating Pump31)Logic Circuit #3: Greenhouse Heater32)Summary of Combinational Logic Circuits

Contents
PageTitle
3)Clocks4)A Simple Oscillator Circuit5)How an Oscillator Circuit Works6)How an Oscillator Circuit Works (Alternative)7)How to Change a Clocks Frequency9)Counters10)Counting in Decimal11)Devices Using Counters

E  l  e  c  t  r  o  n  i  c  s  4 .  4  :  D  i  g  i  t  a  l   P  r  o  c  e  s  s  e  s
Electronics Section 4.4Digital Processes

Electronics 4.4: Digital Processes

E  l  e  c  t  r  o  n  i  c  s  4 .  4  :  D  i  g  i  t  a  l   P  r  o  c  e  s  s  e  s
Transistor as a Switch
(G)
State that a transistor can be used as a switch.
(G)
State that a transistor may be conducting or nonconducting, ie on or off.
Simple Switching Systems
(G)
Draw and identify the circuit symbol for an NPN transistor.
(G)
Identify from a circuit diagram the purpose of a simple transistor switching circuit.
(C)
Explain the operation of a simple transistor switching circuit.
Digital Logic Gates
(G)
Draw and identify the symbols for two-input AND, OR and NOT gates.
(G)
State that logic gates may have one or more inputs and that a truth table shows theoutput for all possible input combinations.
(G)
State that high voltage = logic 1, low voltage = logic 0.
(G)
Draw the truth tables for AND OR and NOT gates.
(C)
Identify the following gates from truth tables: AND, OR, NOT.
Combinational Logic Circuits
(G)
Explain how to use combinations of digital logic gates for control in simple situations.
(C)
Complete a truth table for a simple combinational logic circuit.
Clock Signals
(G)
State that a digital circuit can produce a series of clock pulses.
(C)
Explain how a simple oscillator built from a Resistor, Capacitor and Inverter operates.
(C)
Describe how to change the frequency of a clock.
Counters
(G)
Give an example of a device containing a counter circuit.
(G)
State that there are circuits which can count digital pulses.
(G)
State that the output of the counter circuit is in binary.
(G)
State that the output of a binary counter can be converted to decimal.

4.4 Digital Processes: Learning Outcomes