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Low Literacy Rate in Pakistan

Low Literacy Rate in Pakistan

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Published by muneer_begal
THIS WORK IS RELATED THE ONE OF THE MAIN ISSUES OF PAKISTAN, WHICH HAVE BEEN HURDLE IN THE PATH OF DEVELOPMENT.ITS CAUSES AND MAIN SUGGESTIONS TO REDUCE IT..
THIS WORK IS RELATED THE ONE OF THE MAIN ISSUES OF PAKISTAN, WHICH HAVE BEEN HURDLE IN THE PATH OF DEVELOPMENT.ITS CAUSES AND MAIN SUGGESTIONS TO REDUCE IT..

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Published by: muneer_begal on Jun 16, 2009
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Low Literacy rate in Pakistan
Subject: Development Economics
Topic: Low Literacy rate in Pakistan
Submitted to: Sir Shahram AzharSubmitted By: Badar Muneer Khan Baigal(BS 2K8)
Date: 1-6-2009
 
Low Literacy rate in Pakistan
LOW LITERACY RATE INPAKITAN
INTRODUCTION
The term Literacy is defined as the ability to read and write or in other words the ability touse a language for reading,
 
writing,listening and speaking.In Pakistan the literacy rate is very low; First of all literacy is defined here as the people over 15years of age who can read and write. According to 2005 estimate 54% percent of the populationis literature, 63 percent of which are male and the remaining female.
Literacy:
definition:
age 10+ and over can read and write
total population:
54%
male:
63%
 female:
36% (2005 est.)
It has been sixty years of independence but still we, as nations, have been unable to attain fiftypercent of literacy rate. A nation cannot achieve development without taking any meaningfulsteps for sound educational development. History has witnesses that no nation has been able toaccelerate in terms of development without considering the aims and objectives of Pakistan.Education provides a tool for development to nations. Pakistan is one of the developingcountries that is thriving for improvement in this area. Each and every government has launcheda stream of five year plans that were arranged so as to fulfill the Millennium Development goals.However all resulted in vain since there was no or meager improvement in this regard. A lower literacy rate is an outcome despite such acts. Since the inception, education is the mostneglected area and the situation did not improve despite of taken measure to educate people.Even there is a large population who did not receive basic education. It was 15 years back, thegovernment allotted 2.6 % of the G.D.P for the progression of education however, to add injuryto an insult, it was limited to 1.8% and the situation got worst.There are other developing nations like Turkey which allot most of its G.D.P to Educationdepartment, Pakistan ignored this department. With such non serious attitude towardsEducation, and there remain a dearth of well -educated and skillful individuals. Among theSAARC Nations, Pakistan is at the sixth and at the 159
th
position among the 174 World
 
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Low Literacy rate in Pakistan
countries. According to a Government Official Report, the literacy rate in Pakistan is 54 % whichis doubtful.
Reasons for the Low Literacy Rate
There are problems ranging from social, cultural, religious, political, psychological andeconomic spheres. If one problem is tried to be solved, other prove to be more gigantic inproportion and without solution of these problems and with out provision of a viable mechanism,all the efforts of sustainability are not more than just a dream. Following can be the main causesof low literacy in Pakistan:
i.
Poverty 
Our country is classified into the 3rd World countries mainly due to the connection of povertywith education or Literacy Rate. Poverty is the biggest disadvantage and the largest obstacle inthe development of our country. Our country is an agricultural country and the profession of many people living in Pakistan is with this vast category. The people in this category and thefarmers are unable to feed their families fully and as a result, development stops and populationincreases.
 
The country where 40% of people are living below poverty line can how geteducation? According to UNICEF, 17.6% children work and support their families. So, in suchconditions, role and support of Government becomes inevitable but Government is continuouslypaying no serious attention to these demands.
ii.
Population Expansion
This great increase in the population of the Pakistan is a hindrance in the correct andefficient caring of the family. That is why many of the people are unable to provide such andsuch level of education to their children and so the literacy rate of the country on the wholedecreases. The second main problem is related to the people living in villages and other smallplaces. It is said that the population of the villages is many times more than of the urban people.This is why the people cannot teach and train their children and a vast number of illiteratechildren remain in the country
.
iii.
F eudal lords and W adera system
Pakistani politics is govern by feudal system. Feudal lords and wadera system is a bighurdle in the realization of dream of better literacy rate. Statistics show that there aretremendous disparities in the country on the basis of gender, class and regions. There is overalla miserable literacy rate and to further worsen it, women have even less representation. Onnational level, their literacy rate is less than half compared to that of men, and this gap attainsmagnitude when we turn to rural areas where it is 5%, the lowest in the world for any class or 
 
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Rizwan Ali Lond added this note
education is much necessary for the development of any country but unfortunately in Pakistan literacy rate is not up to the mark and very low as compare to our neighbors like India srilanka and Bangladesh so govt must takes steps to improve literacy in pakistan
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