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The Ukrainian Weekly 1948-51

The Ukrainian Weekly 1948-51

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www.ukrweekly.com The Ukrainian Weekly was founded in 1933 to serve the Ukrainian American community and to function as a vehicle for communication of that community's concerns to the general public in the United States. Today the English-language newspaper publishes news about Ukraine and Ukrainians around the world; its readership, though mostly North American, is worldwide. The Ukrainian Weekly's editorial offices are in Parsippany, NJ; a full-time press bureau is located in Kyiv, capital of Ukraine. It is published by the Ukrainian National Association, a fraternal benefit life insurance society, based in Parsippany, NJ. Read more at www.ukrweekly.com

www.ukrweekly.com The Ukrainian Weekly was founded in 1933 to serve the Ukrainian American community and to function as a vehicle for communication of that community's concerns to the general public in the United States. Today the English-language newspaper publishes news about Ukraine and Ukrainians around the world; its readership, though mostly North American, is worldwide. The Ukrainian Weekly's editorial offices are in Parsippany, NJ; a full-time press bureau is located in Kyiv, capital of Ukraine. It is published by the Ukrainian National Association, a fraternal benefit life insurance society, based in Parsippany, NJ. Read more at www.ukrweekly.com

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Published by: The Ukrainian Weekly on Jun 16, 2009
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Swedish Paper Reports UPA Activity
The Swedish Stockholm Tidningen featured the following articleAugust 30 last, titled "Ukrainian Armies of Liberationin Action":—In the event of a new world conflict Stalin will be forced to overcome unusual diflcultiee in the rearof the fronts, and the Red Armywill be exposed to a dangerous stabfrom the back. The very existenceof the armed partisan detachments,their continual regular fightingand their extermination of theCommunist Party leaders is thebest evidence that there is still anillegal opposition to the communist rule in the extensive regionbetween the Vistula and the Danube.The Ukrainian movement of
eration, which is directed by General Tares Chuprinka, alreadyglorified in heroic
legends, isspreading like fire. The oppositionof Marshal Tito makes the situation more complicated. GeneralChuprinka takes advantage of thecomplicated situation in order tocoordinate all the movements ofliberation in the area between theBaltic Sea and the Black Sea...The "UPA the Ukrainian Insurgent Army із the backboneof the anti-boleheviet armed forces.Lately its activity has increased.The main base of this army is in
Shevchenko Society Observes 75thAnniversary
The oldest and most importantUkrainian Scientific institution,the Scientilc Shevchenko Society,the hnpassibe marshes of ftA^j
fc$ its headquar--a terrain that provides an ex- ^
nQW celebrating ite
cellent opportunity for partisan L
ц* ц*military operations.rainian Quarterly reports in itsThe enforced colonization of
nt issueEast Prussia.-mainly with Ukrain-j The Society is in fact a Ukrainians (in 1945-1947), provided the'im, Academy of Art and Sciences.UPA with an opportunity to ex-|i
formed In 1873 in Lviw,tend its order to keep the move- during the period of the most ob-ment of liberation alive in the Bal-
stinate struggle of the Russiantic countries.. It is making raids
tearist reghne against the Ukrain-Into Lithuania in order to keep the ^n language and the developmentmovement of liberation alivethe Baltic countries.The activity of the UHVR, that
of the Ukrainian Supremeof Ukrainian scientific research.The Society was founded by theUkrainian men of science fromrainian National Republic. Scientific Shevchenko Society had, inLviw, a very valuable library,three museums and several laboratories.When the Reds occupied Lviw(in 1939) they disso|ved the Society, When later the city was occupied by the Nazis, the new oppressors also put a e^amp on theSociety's activity. Before the' citywas re-occupied (in 1944) by theReds, the majority of'the Society'sactive members and almost all itsresearch staff emigrated to thewestern countries and renewed inMunich the Society's'activity.At present the Scientific Shev-Council of Liberation, causes was financially supported by dona-much worry among the Russians,
tions from all Ukrainians. Duringas in the past. The opposition of its 76 years of existence it devel-Austrian and Russian Ukraine and chenko society has become thevery- centre of the scientific activ-the population against the Sovietrule increases daily. That is thereason why the influence of theUPA is increasing. The initiativeof the "permanent struggle" is onall occasions in its hands.General Chuprinka will endeavorto extend his sphere of influencealso to Hnngary and Yugoslavia.He will certainly increase his activity in order to coordinate thegreat fight that is being waged between the Bal tic sea and the Blacksea.Disputing the charge made byDavid Nussbaum, in "The NewYork Post* (November 19 and 31),namely that most of the non-Jewish DPs are no ''good and notDps at all, "America," NationalCatholic Weekly, writes in the issue of December 4, 1948, as follows:That is a sweeping and seriouscharge for Mr. Nussbaum to makeand we who have trusted the exhaustive screening by U.S. authorities in Europe have a right toask for solid substantiation. Mr.Nussbaum's only offer of proof isbased on three personal interviews."Two of those interviewed wereHungarians, one of whom, escapedafter "his country's liberation because he did not approve of thecoalition government that followed." (Mr. Nussbaum, who writesfor ONA agency/notoriously pro-Soviet, might profit by consultingthe book "The Struggle Behind theIron Curtain" by Ferenc .Nagyabout the "liberation'' of Hungary.)The third interview Mr. Nussoped into the most important institution of scientific ' researchamong Ukrainians.Being under the free and constitutional regime of Austria, theSSS became very active in itsscientific researches, especially inthe department of Slavics studiesand ethnography, and publishedabout six hundred volumes ofscientific value. The most 'productive period of the Society w$p during the time when Michae,
Hru-shevsky, the greatest Ukrainianhistorian, was president {sl897-1914)., Later on, at «i*v, 1^ be-Г«*ам.Ж§г**#ввійві
іф Ш*
Jt-^Jillfeeity of Ukrainians outside of theUSSR, The Society пвд three departments: Philology,"^ Philosophyand History, and Mathematics andScience. Last March it began toIssue its publications again, atMunich. . ;There is also also a branch ofthe Shevchenko Society in theUnited States, with
«£headquarters In :New
Am>ng itselected members are' such renowned scientists as Max Planck,Albert Einstein, Stephen Timo-
Commenting on the Soviet veto-No.29—which fell on the table ofthe Security Council o? the UnitedNations last Wednesday, December
blocking Ceylon's bid for admission to the United Nations, TheNew York Times editorially notedthat Soviet Russian blocking ofCeylon's bid was supported onlyby Soviet Ukraine. Once again theSoviet "Ukrainian delegation"acted perfectly the part of stoogesof Soviet Russia.*^he merits of the case wereclear enough," the Times adds."Under the independence Act of1947 Ceylon has achieved full responsible status within the Britishcommonwealth. Certainly it is farmore independent of London thanthe Soviet Ukraine, for example,is of Moscow."
Meet the Refugees
An eloquent description of anarrival In Boston last month of802 European refugees is contained in an article, titled
above, in the December 18 numberof "America," Catholic weeklymagazine, written by Walter Dush-пуск, Ukrainian American -jour-
shenko, Clarence A. Manning and' *** Dushnyck went to Bostonothers. The anniversary celebra-'
for tha War Rellef
Services—Na-Uons of the Society are ^o take ^^ Welfare Catholic Conferenceplace in March, ІЙ9, ft&* |a
J£»- *?;»***.*•. ^rpreter for Eastern
#rai Buhdy.Members and friends of the Music and Arts guild of New YorkCffy will gather on Sunday evening December 26th at 7
In *the Mezzanine Hall of the
,4м., tor and painter, will ketuw on thestoh House, 38th street and Madi-' gSflfeg * ggS * g?Art Institute Auditorium in De-Behlnd these newly arrived, he
Archipenko to Give Lecture in Detroit!
!*ш» » * "background of
ror and persecution almost uniqueAlexander Archipenko, thefamed Ukrainian American sculp-son Avenue, to sing UkrainianChristmas Carols.Through community singing atChristmas time, says the organization's president Mr. Julian Jas-tremsky, the Music and Arts Guildhopes to widen the practice in NewYork of one of Ukraine's finesttroit, "Wednesday evening, beginning 8:30.One of the outstanding sculptors of today and a founder of thecontemporary movement in sculpture, Mr. Archipenko was born inKiev, Ukraine, where he receivedtraditions, which seems currently his early training. A brief sojournlimited to church and small fam- in Moscow preceded his arrival inily circles. Paris In 1998, where he wen oneThe carol sing is also- in keep- of the first sculptors to work seri-tag with the Guild's poUcy of select- ously and consistently on
*—|l^££HtE*Scing the finest elements of Ukrahv problem of cubist sculpture,ian culture for enjoyment by Although at first his work boreAmericans. !
the early can-The meeting rooms at Midst on .,,»-.House was the scene of-a recent
exhibit and Christmas sale ofpaintings by artist members of jthe Guild. Among those who ex-'vassee-of Picasso. It was soon to
^tofy; before them a free landexhibit an energetic thjree>dinien*
a йв
-'skmal torsion quite independent of
The wri
tells of his meetingCubist painting. Since-hia arrival "wne Ukrainians. Among themin this country Archipenko ha* de- *»• .**• Volodymyr Bachynskyvoted himself to creative and
and ite wlfe
- Bachyn-educational work, mainl/ In New ^У *
u,,ed U
*birt-sleev toYork City. His abstractions in "ffjft the tatooed number on hismsrhle. brass, aluminum, or wood
' "I got that at Auschwitz,"may he seen in the museums ofEurope, America and Japan.Among his works are busts ofShevchenko, Franko, and Volodi-mir the Great, which are In theUkrainian section of the CulturalGardens of Cleveland..?The Ukrainian Graduates Cluben masse. Upon its conclusion, hewill be their guest of honor at atea in tne Romanesque hall.
Herbert Hoover, in a talk made the greatness of this country inhibited were S. Hordynsky, N. Bu- in the little town of West Branch, purely material terms are blind totovich, J. Kuchmak, Y. Baransky, Iowa, where he was born, gave one
the basic truths. Other nationsbaurn held ^vith eight young men'
- Borzemsky and A. of the finest expressions ever made
possess resources which are com-from the Polish Ukraine, "whowore the pin of the Ukrainian nationalist underground, which hasbeen notorious for its collaborationist activities.""America," chiding the writer,continues:"Now, Mr. Nussbaum', have younever heard that the members ofthe same Ukrainian undergroundkilled, among thousands of otherNazis, SS General Victor Lutze in1943? And did your Jewish refugee friends tell you nothing aboutthe famous pastoral letter in whichthe Ukrainian Catholic Metropolitan Andrey Sheptytsky, in 1942,protested to the Nazis against thedeportations of the Jews? Whatare you up to, Mr. iTussbaum?
MORE DPs ARRIVINGAnother batch of displaced persons will arrive here from Europe on the Marine Flasher tomorrow, December 21. New Yorkin to be port of arrival. It is expected that among the ship's passengers there will be quite a number of Ukrainian displaced persons.Semkow.HARTFORD HAS YOUTHCHORUS
of what our country stands for.
parable to ours. We have no'America means much more
monopoly on intelligence, onknowledge, on energy.on the potential ability to create and build.jthan a continent bounded by two
oceans," he said. "It is more thanere of the modern world, We havemaintained the right of the individual to do whatever he pleaseswihin the framework of the law.To the limited number of Uk-
^"tary Р°*ег, glory in But here, alone of the great pow-rainian youth choruses In this W*
" means morecountry, organized independently *» *
vast expanse of farms,by younger generation Americans
great factor es.jir mines,of Ukrainian descent and directed
magnificent cities, or millionsby one of them, can be added the
£ ,
a u
' ° *
e b
e 8
"SjSUnewest arrival, the Hartford (Con-•» * »
"* t»H«on.necticut) Ukrainian Choral Group. °£
Its director is Walter Joseph Europe which pioneered toe con-
muet never forget thBt freedom
Medwid. teacher of music in Meri- 4
ueet of
r. '
must always be guarded and deden public schools and a graduateof the New England Conservatory
he said. "I was only a numberthen. Now I am a man." Andthen he added: "Do you understand?"PAINTINGS ARRIVE FORWASHINGTON EXHIBITPaintings and sculptures by Ukrainian artists have arrived fromEnrope, to be exhibited at the Ukrainian Art Exhibition to be heldIn Washington, D. C. sometimenext spring. The exhibit will besponsored by the United Ukrainian American Relief Committeem conjunction with the Int'l Relief Organization. It will be heldat the well known Corcoran ArtGalleries. Subsequently the exhibit be shown in other cities.The announcement of the arrival of the art works for the exhibit was made by the UUARCoffice In Philadelphia. They consist of forty six canvasses and sixpieces of sculpture. They representthe work of thtfteen Ukrainianartists, and were selected In Eu-"Thls has been one of the great-1
rope by a paael of eeven other
est achievements in the wholesweep of recorded history. Yet wethan our literature, our music, ourfended if it is to live." Elsewherein his address, speaking pf histhese primitive days, social security was had from the cellar, notfrom the Federal government"of Music In Boston, Class of '48. L 'The »eaning of our^Americafboyhood, Mr. Hoover said: "In«,v v ^.,.
. jA
» •£-' flows from one pure spring. TheThe chorus made its debut on , .
. ,
* -November 21. ln Colchester, Conn. «>
, America is in ts free-A week later. November 28. it ap. £
*"**•peered in Hartford." Connecticut
W5 *"
^^iTbe most dangerous tendency ofstate capital The occasion was through which pours the sunlight
^о, н^я
our ever-tnereas-the observance of "Lystopadove ?
f the
Igjg ^ Here alone Is u^ dependence upon our govern-Svdato," known slso as the First human dignity not a dream, but an „^t when
buy a dubiousof November holiday, commemor- .^ДСТР'Ч.
f f
j , "security" at the price of loss ofsting the rise of the Western uk.
^ose who attempt to Interpret pergonal liberty, we are followingrainian Republic at the close of|" ' (the same old downhill pnth thatWorld War I, which, however, was Mary Burbella, soprano, and ae- had led to oppression and dicta-not permitted by its enemies to'companist was Miss Helen Bre- torahip throughout the world,exist for long. jzicki, both well known in younger' The real American values areSoloist at this concert was
j generation circles.
spiritual. ATI иг otHe*- 'vahiesv
ФНЕ UKRAINIAN WEEKLY, which came into being fifteen yearsago last September, at a time when inforaatlv#^m$*rial aboutUkraine in the English language was very scarce, today looks uponthe progress made in this field with considerable pride.Despite all the shortcomings
——that they may have, and which editorial assistance ofethe Svo-are shared by other nationality
boda and UkramOm Weekly.groups, the Ukrainian Americans) On our
too, are sixteenhave within the past decade and {numbers,, dating from October,a half demonstrated unusual initiative and application in loosingupon the English-speaking worlda series of pamphlets, brochures,books and periodicals in the English language, which collectivelyhave undoubtedly been of greatservice in .acquainting that world,1944 to its latest number, Autumn,1948 of the Ukrainian Quarterlymagazine, published by the Ukrainian Congress Committee.To put it simply, this is an invaluable magazine to anyone interested in any and all phases ofUkrainian life. Written in a scholar-composed of Americans, Canadians, ly fashion by authorities in theirthe British, and, of course, our
special fields, on the whole easilyyounger Ukrainian American gen- readable, this interesting magazineeration, with Ukraine and the Ukrainian people, their history', national tradition, culture, arts, and,above all, their aspirations to andstruggle for the liberation of Ukraine.Today our shelf containing bookson Ukraine in the English tonguehas, amog others, Hrushevsky'sHistory of Ukraine, Chamberlln'sUkraine, the Submerged Nation,Manning's The Story of Ukraine,Ukrainian Literature, Taras Shevchenko, Vernadsky's Bohdan, Hot-man of Ukraine, Halich's Ukrainians la America, as well as number of brochures.All of them, as well as a number already in manuscript form,including a book on Franko, another on modern Ukrainian history, a third an anthology of Ukrainian prose, are objects of sponsorship on the part of our Ukrainian' National Association, with the copy $1.00).should today be on the bookshelves of all our younger generation Ukrainian Americans. Notonly should it be there, but itshould be read, passed on tofriends, and especially to those ofnon-Ukrainian origin.We urge our readers to givethis matter serious thought Andby that we mean—subscribe to It.Although many already do, including universities, libraries, governmental agencies, and individuals, still because many copies ofit are sent free to the properquarters, the Quarterly has tooperate under an extreme deficit.Its cost of publication runs toover $600 a month.Send in your subscription today, to Ukrainian Congress Committee of America, 50 Church SL,Room 262, New York 7, N. Y.(Subscription: Yearly $4.00, single
.oo-the'0«B»> ^ayeffagawFrom available data it appearsthat the Soviet Government intends to buld or repair only onehalf (I.e. 33.2 million sq. metresout of 60 millions) of the totalspace required In order to bringup to the prewar level in the war-damaged regions. H the plan willbe fulfilled, Ід two years the town-dwellers in tiiese regions will haveikr гсяаїїШоаіга.
space per capita. Tbelr prospects are pretty bleak at best!...As regards the 61.2 million sq.metres apportioned to the regionsnot damaged by the war, theywill provide less than 4 sq. metresper capita for the families by whichthe government Intends to increasethe town population during thecurrent Five Year Plan, as onemust deduce a certain amount ofnewly built living space to replacethe houses which have brokendown during the war.However, all these improvementsare only planned, they are still onpaper. Reality, alas! is much sadder.For instance, the plan providedthat in the course of 1946 theState would build 9.8 million sq.metres and in 1947 12.8 million sq.metres of housing ("Trud," March1, 1947). Have these Intentionsbeen realized?"Already in 1946, the first postwar year, the workers obtained 6million sq. metres of living spaceand in 1947 about 7 million sq.metres ..." "The Ministry for CoalProduction of the Western regionbof the USSR carried out hardlyone third of the plan for residential construction ln the last (1947)year ..." "Residential construction is as yet among the roostbackward branches of our national economy" ("Izvestia." Feb. 13,1948).It would seem that during thefirst two years of the current FiveYear Plan only 61 and 70 per centof the planned building has beencarried out. In these two yearsthe State managed to build onlyrtists.The thirteen artists are Burs-chok, Hnizdowsky, Dmytrenko, Lu-cyk, Moroz, Krychevsky, Nedilko,Papars, Stefanovlch, Pavluah,Kruk, BHlnsky, and Malitsa.The exhibit will be under thedirection of Sviatoslav Hordynsky,
prominent Ukrainian artist,
the Bhortage of buildmg materiah..arrived here from Paris last year. /JEJj
. the defective organisation of work.' "• '' '
— I
Under these circumstances thereciple of private ownership a residential house of one or two storeys with rooms numbering fromone; to five inclusively." The necessary plot is granted to the builder"for perpetual tenure."A large number of West-European and American papers gaveprominence to this announcementад to a new measure whfeh mightin the USSR, This is tti no waycorrect. 'The building of птоаїї privateresidential bouses is no news inthe Soviet Union, They were buttteven before the publication of theabove regulation. Ih the courseof 1946 and 1947 four million sq.metres of living space were erected in the shape of such individualhouses ("bveetiA," Feb. 13, 1948).However, these houses have by nomeans Improved the general housing situation in the USSR.First of all, the State plan provides that in the course of thecurrent five year period only 12million sq. metres, or 14 per centof the total projected living space,are to be built by individual citizens for their private use. As wesaw, only one third of this figurewas built during the first twoyears,Secondly, the required buildingmaterials may, perhaps, be obtained by high government and partyfunctionaries but not by ordinarymortals.In the third place, In the USSRthere are no building firms or contractors with whom one couldplace an order for the building ofan Individual house. The buildingmust be done the owner himself inhis free time.It is true, that lately some enterprises have begun producingpre-fabricated houses for sale toindividual citizens. But even thisindustry falls short of its planand often produces houses of Inferior quality.Now the question arises, whythere hss been so much publicity15 million sq. metres of the 72.4
in the world press around the So-mllllon sq. metres allocated to the' viet regulation on the building offlee years in question, or only
Individual houses? It was plainlyper cent of the total. Intended to distract the attentionWhat prevents the realization ofthe plan? The answer Is simple,like all our wealth and power.
is no hope whatever that the re-stem from them alone. They have sidential construction plan for thesustained us In every period of current five years will be fulfilled.adversity, ranging from disastrous' But suddenly, on August 26 ofdepressions to terrible wars. And this year, the Presidium of theIn those values, based as they are Supreme Soviet of the USSR is-upon the dignity and rights of sued a regulation that every citl-men, we can find the real meaning zen of the USSR is entiled "to the USSR Is trying to mfiTiencoof America. ,buy or build himself on the prin- World pubh*c opinion.of the world's workers from thesbject poverty and misery in whfchtheir Soviet comrades have tospend their days behind the ironcurtain. A foreigner
hasnever been in the USSR has
ficulty in believing that government regulations promising reforms are issued there with thesole object of making propagandaand with no intention of improving actual conditions. Neverthelessit is just with such еаав that
The Ukrainian Woman in the World Today
By MARIE S. GAMBAL(An address delivered at the World Congress of Ukrainian Women,held la Philadelphia, Pa., November 12-13, 1M8)QOME time ago I came ясговя a
claim thai theirs is the real demo-little book the title of which cracy. We refer to economic se-waa—HOW. Underneath thte werethe words:"A practical business guide forAmerican women of all conditionsand ages who want to make money and do not know how."The booklet explained that therewas no magic in making moneyand advised the reader on how tolive on eight dollars a week, onedollar for rent, two for food, oneand a half for clothing, two anda half for sundries and one to becaved. Out of this saving, in thecourse of twenty years, a girl couldbuy up two or three houses andlive ever happily after. The littlebook also said that the days werepassing when it was thought disgraceful for a lady to work and
that as long as a lady knew how- clogging up the avenues of thoughtto conduct
in a ladylike, Why attempt to define what free-fashion to be sure, it was quite
dom, what human dignity, whatall right for her to venture into democracy
mean ?
the business world.Many changes have come aboutduring the fifty-five years since
.. ,
an.« і„л« country, to which so many camethe book was written. The lady
, ..
. . . v. » . ,. . і, ,, build all parts of the earth todoesn't ask herself whether it is
" ~~
_, »»,„,..
_, __ . . build a united nations of their ownpermissible to work. Her conduct
"° » »"""=" "»""і
-*^- w««
hove went to the polls to elect a presi-la her own affair. Women nave
. , л.л««»
і« dent, members of Congress andcome out of kitchen, but definitely, ~"'"They have gone into most of the °^
P«buccurity but should we sacrifice individual freedom for Security?We talk about the western worldand the eastern world and thenwonder how accurate those terms
Are we going to include India in the eastern world? Are wegoing to include Spain in the western world?And so we look around tryingto find our way out of the mazeof ideas In a changing world andwe find that regardless of whatthe economic set-up may be, nations are falling into two maindivisions and that dividing line isfreedom, the dignity of every human being and democracy.Words have a way of slippingthrough and at the same time
The Mazeppists
THE UKRAINIAN INDEPENDENCE MOVEMENT OF THE EARLY18th CENTURYBy BORIS KRUPMTSKYTTKRAINIAN political thought of the latter half of the seventeenthand of the first half of the eighteenth century was under the powerful influence of the great personality of Hitman Bohdan Khmel-nitaky who liberated Eastern Ukraine from Polish rule and becamethe founder of the second Ukrainian State (1648).All Ukrainian patriots consider-* :The Truly Democratic WayOnly a short while ago ourofficials. SomeU* of ourW world, they have
£. *"*? ** *
muos oi our
ш»у wwiu. «~,
less to go to all the trouble ofgone to the polls, and if we are ^ go ^^to believe some people, it was the, ^
women who cast the decisive voteduring the recent elections.And yet, whether American,Ukrainian, Spanish, French orChinese, woman is still hesitantabout assuming her rightful shareof responsibility in the planningof world's affairs and in theshaping of Its future outside thehome and sphere of activities circumscribed by a picket fence.THAT SENSE OF DUTY!What Will Yon Have?Two global ware were foughtdaring the half century to makethe world safe for democracy, forfreedom, for the dignity of every
T дШШf iifi# ftHf-iMy-geoHrtpefg
well being. Millions of dead, children starving, land ravaged, andnow, three years after of the second world war, we are not muchnearer to the solution of theseproblems than we were in 1914.True, we have the United Nations,and a good thing too, despite allthe vetoes and the rumblings andthe disunity within It And wehave the discovery of atomic energy, which might be a blessingor a means of sending us all toperdition. Viewing the two fromthe same pinnacle of observationit would seem as though a geniuswith a rather perverted senseof humor had thrust these intoout lap—here what will you have,a united world with the atom making it better and better for all?Or will you choose destruction?We are deluged by ideas andwords and unless we accept patwerepredicted. The polltakers predict'
The experts predicted. Everybody was free to predict. And thepeople were free—to choose.Several presidential candidatesto choose from. The day began.Some newspapers had the headlines all ready. The polls opened.The average men and women, millions of them, made their way tocast their votes.Young and old, first voters andthose who voted many times.Workers, homemakers, students,citizens from humble flats andsumptuous mansions, the accom-ed as their foremost duty towardtheir fatherland the necessity ofpreserving the Ukrainian statehood, that precious heritage ofHetman Khemelnitaky; but on theother hand, Muscovy, which in 1654assumed protection over Ukraineas over a vassal state, continuallyattempted to restrict the staterights of Ukraine. This led toendless conflicts and clashes between Moscow and Kiev, and almost every Ukrainian hetman following Bohdan Khmelnitsky wasforcibly ousted by the tsarist government as a result of this strug
Hetman Mazeppa and HisFollowersThe revolution of Hetman IvanMazeppa against Tsar Peter I atthe time of the Northern War(1708-1709) became not only abreaking point in the relations between Ukraine and Russia, butalso a turning point in the politi-1 contrary,
marked the beginningcal ideology of the Ukrainian
Ukrainian independ-dependence Movement On the
under the bannerone side, it stressed the mortal
of whlch
^^ aggembled all thedanger for Ukrainian autonomy
&Qeat BODB
Ukraine of the eight-from Moscow, and, on the other ^^ овгу. History has nick-hand, it impressed upon the con-
them Mazeppists ("Mazepln-sclousness of the Ukrainians the ^..^
^ followers of Mazeppa,An occasion for a break withMoscow was offered by the Northern War which In the first yearsbrought victory after victory tothe young Swedish Charles XII,that "Eagle of the North." To besure, an alliance with Sweden wasnot a novelty for the Ukrainians;on the contrary, Bohdan Khmelnitsky himself had indicated theadvisability of Ukraine's orientation towards the then powerfulSweden. It Is a matter of common knowledge that on the eveof his death the hetman-llberator,disillusioned by Moscow, hadformed a plan of breaking awayfrom it with the assistance ofCharles Gustav X of Sweden(1657).The defeat of the Ukrainians andSwedes at Poltava (1709) decidedthe fate of eastern Europe to Moscow's advantage, but it did notend the struggle for the liberationof the Ukrainian people. On theNow and then there appears onthe political horizon an eminentstatesman who by hie outstanding character, wisdom, ardent pa*triotism and strong sense of dutyexemplifies true qualities of leadership and serves as an inspiration to the citizens of the nation.Entering into this category, aresuch public figures as the lateCount Bernadotte who died inthe rank of duty, Secretary ofState George Marshall whose mostrecent remark was "it is my dutyas a patriot to serve my country,"and Bernard Baruch, Washington'swiseman who so befittingly declared at a Plaque dedication In"Baruch Park" that we should"think less of our rights and privileges" and more of our "dutiesand obligations" to our country orwe shall lose our freedom. Hefurther expressed "I hear so muchof the right to this and that byIndividuals, groups and nations,but nothing much about obligations we have to other individuals,other segments of society andother nations." "Let us all thinkof the belessln'gs we enjoy," "andby our sense of duty preserveour freedom and help impart it toothers."This characteristic to be foundIn leaders and statesmen is an admirable one and should be Imitatedby all. MYROSLAVA
QUR song shall not die or per
wrote Taras Shevchenko,and his words are repeated to music at every year's concert As ifin proof of his words, the Ukrainian songs has been makings a con-'sistent progress on this continentbringing cheer and happiness toever growing number of listeners,Without doubt, the Ukrainiansong received its greatest impetusafter the World War I. whenAlexander Koshetz came to theseshores with his chorus. Its charmfound its way to the heart ofevery American who was fortunate to hear the Koshetz Chorus.Then came the radio and a braveeffort of every Ukrainian choirdirector to imitate or at least usethe arrangement and compositionsof Koshetz.A composer, Hayvoronsky, andseveral artists, vocal and instrumental, kept the Ukrainian songbefore the American public, permeating with it the continent deeper and deeper. Then our American-born music directors of Ukrainian descent appreciating theirbecause the Ukrainian youth is onthe alert and quickly reacts tothat sort of plagiarism, and because the American publk is nowable to recognize the Ukrainiansong.
Concordia Singing Society inWilkes-Barre is just about 70years old. It was founded by German immigrants, and until theFirst World War it had alwaysconcluded its concert program with"Lbrdei.** Now it is no longerGerman; more than 100 its choristers make up a typical Americanrepresentative group. The directorand his assistant are of Welshdescent Local Ukrainians are notaware of Society's existence although it is the city's best choralorganization.Two weeks ago Concordia gaveits 69th annual concert to an audience packed in the largest localauditorium. The program wasrich and varied; there were namesof Mozart, Beethoven, Handel, Wagner, and others after the titles ofthe numbers rendered. And amongthese famous names there was "A
Getting Set ForAction
heritage and realizing what a Violin IS Singing in the Street" bytreasure they had within their A. Koshetz, and Leontovich'sgrasp, devoted themselves toward
"Carol of the Bells," both deslg-elevating our songs to a higher nated as Ukrainian numbers.fact that there were no prospectswhatever for an understanding between Kiev and Moscow, and thatthe destruction of the Russianpower alone could bring about theliberation of Ukraine.This ideology was in the firstplace shown in Hetman Ivan Mazeppa himself, a man of great intellectual attainments and of nomean diplomatic ability. The sameconvictloin was shared by his aa-
the average. iXen and womencame and stood in line. The mayorof the largest city in the worldtook his place and waited fortwenty minutes.And then came the miracle of ademocracy in action, of a free people making their choice. The daypassed, the votes were counted andthe nation became one again. Therewill be no underground movements.There will be no revolutions. Thepeople said what they wanted tosay. They were not frustrated.They were not coerced. Give andtake, fair play, exchange of ideas.They wanted not less democracybut more democracy. They werenot afraid of planning. But neitherdid they want appeasement ofthe insatiable totalitarian forcesabroad.There was plenty of margin fordisagreements. Nobody was beaten,nobody shot down, nobody killed.phrase, it isn't always easy tofind quick answers to them. Demo-1,_ T^TLT^Tcracy, freedom, totalitarianism,human dignity, Socialism, Communism, one world economic security, fascism—what do theymean, what do they imply?Whether woman or man, Ukrainian or of Ukrainian descentJapanese or Italian, Irish or Ger
each one of us must try tothink things Japanese or Italian,Irish or German, each one of usmust try to think things through,to search our hearts and consciences, and to find the answers.We all desire peace, but whatprice are we willing to pay for It?We love freedom, but what doesfreedom mean to us? We are living in a democracy, but a peoplewho have a way unlike our ownin a peaceful way.Of course there are imperfections in our system. Of course wedo not presume to have all theanswers to all the problems. Butso long as man and woman arefree to question, free to seek answers, free to make a choice, wemay be sure that we are on theroad to a better world.
FOUNDED 189 JUkrainian newspaper published dail>except Sundays and holidays by theUkrainian National Association, Inc.,81-83 Gftnd St., Jersey City 3. N. JEntered as Second Class Mall Matterit Post Office
Jersey City. N. J
oa March
10. 1911 under the Adof Atercb 8.
Accepted for mailing at special rate
postage provided for Section no?of the Ad of October 3, 1917authorized JnW Зі. 1918.
SSBS adrsrtUmg
$07 —
USA and the USSBWhen we talk about the worldof today being dlvidled and onone side of the dividing line is theUSA democracy and on the otherthe USSR, and we know how ourdemocracy works, then the USSRmust be founded on principles quiteopposed to those that we cherish.And yet when we turn to wordswe find the same ones used. Theytoo speak of the freedom underwhich their people live and theyspeak of democracy and they refer bo human dignity.But can anyone call a land freewhere the average citizen cannotexpress himself freely on subjectsthat Interest him? Can one call aland free where anyone disagreeing with the dogmas of the government In power lives In fear ofreprisals? Can we call a democracy a land where the will ofa small group of men, may theybe brighter or even brilliant isgraduated from the jjolifacal schoolof the old hetman. The break withMoscow became the political program of all the idealistically-in-clined commanders of the Kozakhost as well as of the autonomous Zaporozhlan Sich whichremained the foundation of theUkrainian Kozak liberties.the man who was an object ofhatred of Peter I and his successors to the present time, withthe red tsar Stalin included.The old hetman, however, didnot survive the tragedy of the dirediscomfiture at Poltava and diedthat very year In Bendery In Turkish territory, whither he had fled,anathematised by the Russian Orthodox Church as on an equallevel with the heretics ef thefled by the Ukrainian patriots asa symbol of the struggle for thefreedom of the Ukrainian nation.Those who took an active partin the' revolution of Hetman Mazeppa -against Russia numberedseveral thousand.(To be continued)
її м
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RECORDS AS GIFTS:WITH the coming of Christmasmany people decide to giverecordings of certain pieces of music to their friends. This has always been a bit of a problem forone could never be certain of justwhat the friend liked or whetherthey had all the records you intended" buying for them. This yearthe problem is even worse forthere is trouble right in the recordings themselves. Due to theinnovation, of the Columbia LongPlaying Record, many people areafraid to buy any sort of recordfor fear of it being outmoded inthe very near future. Also thefact that Victor has not come outwith anything as yet proves thatit is waiting for the holiday season to end before Issuing its latestrecords. There are many rumorsas to what kind of record Victorwill come out with. Some say thatit will resemble the standard record but it will be wafer thin andnotice that the performers eeemto be right to the room with youand that yon hear the entire ensemble, rather than just the outstanding instrumentsIn most cases the average homephonograph
does not have themeans of reproducing the FFrcompletely. Still they are so wellmade that they are a treat tolisten to an any of phonographTherefore, I would suggest that, Ifyou are golrig to buy records forsomeone make certain you are notwasting your money, by buyingthe standard records that will soonbe out of place. Even the Columbia LJ*. record does not comparein quality with FFr recordings.The reason for this is that Columbin made most of its master records under the old conditions andthat cannot be improved too muchby putting them on a high fidelityrecord such as the L.P. is supposed to be.Today it is relatively easy tobuy these British made records.unbreakable. Others claim that it These companies have recordedwill be similar to the Columbia LP. record, requiring the 33
V£ revolutions per minute. Whatever theserecords may be they are of nohelp at present for the Xmasshopper.Today I would advise buyingbut one type of recording. TheFull Frequency Range Record isstill worth every penny that youmay have to pay for it Theserecordings are made in Englandand are usually sold under theDecca or London labels. The reason they are called Full FrequencyRange Recordings is because theyare made so that every bit of mu-much fine music. Although theartists may not always be knownhere In America by the averagerecord buyer, they are excellentIn fact these records Introduce oneto many new artists that will soonbe great favorites. Naturally mostof the music recorded on FFr records is In the classical and semi-classical field. They indeed do justice to this type of music. I wouldsuggest that if it is at all possible,compare these FFr records withany other record and you willagree that they are the only worth*while records to buy: If you cannot get any of these records In(Concluded on page 8)ale produced by the orchestra or yOur city then Just drop me a linesoloist is reproduced on the record.) (in care of the Ukrainian Weekly)This has never been done on any and I will be only too glad to sendAmerican made recording. When yon the addresses of shops thatyou listen to an FFr you will handle them.From the very Outset the oldermembers of the Ulcrainian National Association have endeavoredto increase the interest
оГ theirsons and daughters in that greatfraternal organization the Ukrainian National Association. NewYork's Dniester Branch of the Association tried several times toform U.NA. youth clubs but wasnot able to succeed in this, to thedlsappothment of the older members.ITherl were many factors thatcontributed to this. If, for. instance* the leaders of various or-ganteaCions had united to estab-ШГа*"і>Га1іопаГ"Home," Ukrainianunity: and progress In New YorkCity would have greatly increased.Nonetheless the youth of NewYork have proven that they havenot been sleeping. Where else Isthere such a fine choir like thatof Saint George's Ukrainian Catholic Church? Under the able direction of Mr. Theodore Onufryk, ithas rendered its services to theUkrainian people unselfishly. Besides, Mr. Flis and his excellentdancers are always on hand tohelp out And, of course, thewonderful work and pageants ofMetropolitan Area Committee cannot be overlooked.In the course of this year thequestion again emerged at meetings of the Ukrainian Dniesterlevel. Within the last several yearsthe Ukrainian song found its wayinto the music text bodes inAmerican public schools.The success of our song heretofore might be discounted as beingdue to the efforts of Ukrainians ortheir descendants, as if their effective salesmanship could in anyway diminish its sterling quality.This view, however, is repudiatedby the repeated attempts of unscrupulous artiste who made useof Ukrainian song and called it"Russian." They got away with itfor a while because a Ukrainiansong under any name is beautiful(paraphrasing the well knownquotation of a rose). They are notThe significance of the inclusionof two Ukrainian songs in the program is obvious. Without any influence from Ukrainian sourcesthe director, a Welshman, pickedthem from the samples he received from publishers. Somewherehe heard Ukrainian music on theradio, and when the samples camehe decided to try them out Thefirst number was difficult of execution but the audience received itvery well; the second number metwith enthusiasm Without ballyhooor artificial support the Ukrainiansong stood on its own merit andwas accepted on a par with others.Shevchenko knew what he wassaying when he wrote: Our songgetting away with it any more [shall never die or perish.
2 ' ^
"TjWERYBODY who does the leastbit of reading knows that thereare fads in writing, especially innewspapers and agaxtoes. The reason for this is that writers run outof things to write, so every fewmonths some new subject is takenup and attacked from all angles.If it's not a new subject, it's aperennial one which is writtenabout with a new approach. Andsince any topic, unless unusual,can be soon exhausted, writerstry to drag it out as long as possible, with Innumerable variations.Then again, as soon as one writerfinds a good theme, one that sellswell, all the .would-be Steinbecksclimb aboard the gravy train. ThisSociety branch Зві of the U.N.A.
bat happened with spiesof how to revive the U.NA. youthactivities. Early last summer, ameeting for this purpose was call-Almost any periodical you takeinto your hands these days contains the confessions of an ex-spy.ed by President Walter Pallw Either "I Picked liberty," orand Vice President John Shamen.
"Freedom is My Choice." If not anProbably because of the hot spellthen only four members appeared.It was decided to form a committee of these four members, OlgaHalychyn, Mary Peretiatko, AnneSobenko and Peter Kuchma, Jr.,with John Shamen as acting chairman of the committee. Their taskwas work on plans for the fallseason when work would definitelybegin for the organization of aDniester Youth Auxiliary.On November 18, 1048 a meeting was called at the Hotel Bre-vort It was attended by many ofthe young Dniester members whohad shown interest in the organization when told of the work ofits committee. Officers were elect
and on December the 4th President Peter Kuchma Jr. Vice President Nicholas Kunycky, SecretaryDorette Wolfe and Treasurer OlgaHalychyn were duly sworn in Atthe election meeting, greetings tothe young people were extended byPresident Walter Paliw, Vice President John Shamen and MartinMaletych. Mr. Peter Kuchma, Sr.supreme advisor of the U.N.A. andfinancial secretary of Dniester,presented well prepared information on the value of being a member of the U.NJLThe aim of the Dniester YouthAuxiliary is to cooperate with itsolder members, follow the Branch'sBy-Laws, and promote greaterenemy ару, then anybody whoever even so much as served aglass of beer to an espionage agenthas a long-winded, fascinating taleto unfold. And if it's not as interesting as it might be, the author makes it up while you waitIt's gotten to the point where it'sthe most fashionable to be a
confessed Russian spy, who hasfound found it's getting too hotfor him among the Communists,and gives up his misery for theluxury and freedom of Americanlife. At the same time, his storyis published and brings him scadsof money. And for all this, praytell, who wouldn't want to confess,even if he had to fabricate a confession? One ex-spy has evenmade the "Four Hundred" and isriding high in American society.So you see, spying can be profitable. During the war, you're well
.vA&rijm'U 5ndjaxftr^^en&Jit^our.friends is a pseudo-scientist lately.Everyone knows about pen'xillin,sulfa, and streptomycin, and consequently each layman feels theother fellow knows less thanhe does. Writers are also cashingin on this part of the reading pub
by writing articles about eachnew drug that is discovered. JohnDoe reads the article, remembersit for a few days, then all that isleft of the technical reading is thefamiliar chord that is sometimesstruck the next time he reads ofthe new drug. The trie* is in showing your friends what you knowwhile the article is fresh in yourmind; only then will people say,"That fellow knows what he's talk*ing about" Meantime, every Joegoes on talking while more andmore is published on drugs, Atomicenergy and other branches of science. I only hope the digest mag*azines don't start publishing Einstein's fourth dimension, or integral calculus. That would reallystump the writers!Women's magazines in particularlike to introduce you to your nextdoor neighbors, even though these"neighbors" live 1500 miles away.In order to show you how Americalives, works, plays, cooks anddresses, the editor invades a home,gets the father to change his job,throws out mother's recipes andgives her some new ones, buyssome clothes for the family,.redecorates the house and presentsthis picture as your neighbors.Aren't you glad that the editorsaren't your neighbors, and dohtcome snooping around to try andremodel your cozy antique livingroom into a barren looking, "functional" modern room? Anyhow,you don't mind when they do it tosomeone else's house.As for the next fad, who knowspaid for your espionage activities, what next month will bring' May-and after peace is declared, you be all these ехчфіев will go outcash in on.your past and thus of style and well be reading. "Ibecome a postwar profiteer. The Wasn't A Spy," or
WaTLoyal"only drawback fo this spy-business And maybe the women's maga-SJtt
! feSffiJ
«to«» will run out of neighborslive tiirough the spying before you and take to interviewing their edit-can write about it
^ ^and see. But wait-with your рШunity among Ukrainian Americansin New York City, to accomplishthis purpose, the cooperation ofincluded on page
in hand, and as soon as sdmearticle Is published that fteembleesomething you know, jump on thebandwagon, write a sequel, andgrab yourself a quick fortune.
Soviets Lacking Strength to Win War,Writer Saye
Russia is not in a position, fromthe military or political standpoint,to wage a successful war againstthe western nations,
N. S,Timasheff, an associate professorof sociology of Fordnam University, says in an article in "The Review of Politics," published by theUniversity of Notre Dame, NotreDame, Notre Dame, Indiana.Dr. Timasheff, however, pointsout, that "despite the relativeweakness of the Soviet Union, ascompared with the United States,there is a possibility of war. Sucha situation as. the Berlin controversy might reach a war crisisfrom which Russian would not beable to retreat." Or, he adds, "warcould be provoked by a sudden decrease in the potential of the prospective for," meaning the UnitedStates.'If the United States irremediably destroys its prestige in Europe by such political maneuversas the denial of help alreadypromised; if it allows itself theluxury of a depression—style of1929—then the men in the Kremlin could come to the conclusionthat, after all, victory is by nomeans improbable. Then theywould strike."Soviet StrengthMr. Timasheff lists the Soviet
strengths as these: ' ;
Area and population. Origin-:ally covering more than one-:seventh of the world's surface, the;Soviet in recent, years has annexed!territory to bring its total, in;holdings or dominance, to 9,510,000'square miles. Population has in-
creased 84% from 170,500,000 to303,000,000 (These figures exclude!Red areas in Manchuria, Korea and;China.)
A strategically-placed fifth;column, while not numericallygreat is skilled and ready.
Absolute dominance of thepolitical machine over the population, which permits the maintain-;ance of an armed force impossiblein a democracy—on present knownfacts, an army bf 'about 2,500,000.
Industrial' development* which
Soviet Weakness©*On the other side of the ledger,the writer puts these:
Not all of the population—especially the Ukrainians, the second largest nationality group under Soviet domination—is wholeheartedly Communist but is instead in a state of subjection,which would weaken any war effort
Transportation shortcomings,plus great distances in Russiaproper, would make for long andcostly supply lines to any sizeablearmy operations in Europe.
The decimation of healthymales between 20 and 40 duringthe last war, which places weakermen and women in key industrialjobs and limits the selection forcombat duty.
Industrial production has along way to go before it will reachthe productions of 1940. Aa aresult of the war, pig iron production is off 3,200,000 tons andoil 6,900,000 tons. Coal aloneshows an increase—from 164,700,-000 tons in 1940 to 185,500,000tons in 1947.5.'Food supplies are similarlyshorter. Horses have declined by6,700,000 since 1940, horned cattleby 16,600,000, sheep by 33,400,000and pigs by 21,9000,000. In 1946and 1947 the population, save fora small elite, was on a near-starvation diet0. Education, while vastly bettered over the times of the Tsars,is still not up to Western standards, which would mean fewer persons proportionately able to handle the highly involved weaponsof modern war.
7. Morale was cracking towardthe end of the war (four autonomous republics were dissolvedafter V-E day, and great purgeswere conducted in the Ukraine),and would be expected to crackfurther on account of the averageRussian's or Ukrainian's respectfor the United States."We have passed in review themany weaknesess of the SovietUnion," Mr. Timasheff writes inconclusion. 'Taken together theydo not annihilate all the factorsof strength listed in the earlierpart of this paper. The advantages of central location, forcefulpolitical leadership, of the existence of organized vanguards in thecamp of the enemy are there.Nevertheless, the weaknesses, especially concerning population andfood, obviously overbalance thesefactors of strength and make rather improbable the victory ofthe Soviet Union against a coalition led by the United States."
What They Say
Robert H. Jackson, Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, in a formal opinionstating why he broke a 4 to 4deadlock in the court by votingfor hearing of the Japanese warcrimes appeal: ."This public division of thecourt equal if I do not participate, puts the United States before the world, and particularlybefore Oriental peoples, in thisawkward position: Having majorresponsibility for the capture ofthese Japanese prisoners, it alsohas responsibility for their fate. Iftheir plea ends in stalemate in thiscourt ends in stalemate in thiscourt, the authorities have nocourse but to execute sentenceswhich half this court tellsthe world are on so doubtfula legal foundation that they favorsome kind of provisional reliefand fuller review. The fact thatsuch a number of men so placed inthe United States are of thatopinion would for all time becapitalized in the Orient if notelsewhere, to impeach the faithand to discredit the justice of thiscountry and to comfort its criticsand enemies."The State Department in a formalstatement on the recent Berlinelections:"The Berlin population has inrecent month* demonstrated atype of civic courage which haswon for it the admiration of thedemocratic peoples of the world.The wholehearted participation ofan overwhelming majority of thepopulation of the Western sectorsof Berlin in fair and free elections(on December 5) was a furtherdemonstration of the same civiccourage."Eric Johnston, president of the Motion Picture Association ofAmerica, at a meeting of theChamber of Commerce of theState of New York:"American business was not always in the cheering section whenSocial legislation was enacted...Now we are face to to face with anew Congress in which sociallegislation will occupy the predominant place. I urge Americanbusiness men to recognize the economic facts of life. They no longer have the power. It is in thehands of the worker, the farmerand the housewife... I ask Ameri
can business men to cooperate insocial legislation to see that it issoundly conceived and administered and, in the process, to secure a top advisory position in thefinancial and fiscal affairs of ourGovernment..."Matthew Woll, vice-president ofthe American Federation of Labor, in an address at the annual Congress of American Industry in New York:"Free enterprise does not embrace merely private ownership ofproperty and vested interests. Notwithstanding the so-called 'savingprovision' of the Taft-Hartley ActWorkers are not a proletariat aclass set aside for 'tabor andservice' under control of an allegedsuperior element in the population.A true and reliable safeguard offree enterprise, as well as the solution of labor difficulties, is to makeclear to all that it is the manifestduty of free men to advance thecommon good by voluntary agreement and not by compulsion oflaw."Robert P. Patterson, former Secretary of War, when acceptingthe presidency of FreedomHouse, New York, for the coming year:"On the home front we take itto to be fundamental and unde-batable that people be judged byThe Ukrainian American StringBand, consisting of fifty musicians,dressed in exotic costumes, willparticipate in Philadelphia's galaNew Year Mummers' Parade,January 1, 1949.For the first time in historythe Ukrainians will be representedin this gigantic parade, witnessedby millions of people, and carried by radia, press, television andnewsreel.The band composed of manyyoung and older Ukrainian musicians, playing string and reed instruments, is under the leadershipof president Stanley Wolfe, Sr.,who has gone thru many hardships, along with other membersto make the band a success. Itmay take time, but the band willbe among the best in days tocome.The band is an independent,non-profit organisation with allthe money earned going into thetreasury for 'the beautiful costumes to be worn by the band onNew Yer's Day. This year it willwill cost four thousand dollars tooutfit the band, and this meney isbeing raised by the members.Many Ukrainians have ralliedbehind the organization, by givingtheir support to this worthy cause.The members are very thankfulfor this' help. Donations have already come from as far as NewYork City, and many other distant cities where Ukrainians arelocated.On New Year's Day the bandwilj carry the Ukrainian Flag, anda large sign reading "UkrainianAmerican String Band." The musicians will be clad in gay andcolorful Mummer costumes. Therewill also be a theme derived fromcostume music and drill.The Ukrainian people of Philadelphia are very proud to be represented by such a fine group of
who are striving .to let thepeople know there are many Ukrainians in this country jwbo notonly are good citizens bui also remember that they are of\ukrainian stockWILLIAM БЕЯСЙTHE UKRAINIAN WojfcAN INTHE WORLD TODAY
page 2)Concluded fromimposed on the millions of citizens
Is it a democracy where there isbut one choice of candidates inan election? And is it a land ofhuman dignity where men who donot chime in with the prevalentideas are sent to labor camps?Where dissenters must fear fortheir lives and the well being oftheir families?Even if some of the news coming from the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics were exaggeratedand things weren't as black as reported, is it a land of freedomwhere doors are locked and barredand exchange of ideas betweet itscitizens and those of other countries is forbidden? Strange. Maybe all of us are mistaken. Maybethe USSR, with Ukraine included,has reached a stage of development a stage of well-being whichwe the downtrodden" of the USAdemocracy would be only too happy to know. But why is it thatthe Soviet Union, after all theseyears of planning, of leaders having all the opportunity possiblefor building a perfect way of life,is still so beset by fears that therest of the world is kept out
Even that relatively insignificantfactor, the free exchange of ideasbetween the peoples of the USSRand the peoples- of the rest of theworld, not between the leadersalone, would help ease the tension.And why, to come down to thatdangerous toy the Fates thrust into our lap, the atomic bomb, whyis it that the USSR is so setagainst having international inspection of it? Why such fear ofgiving up by some measure of national sovereignty? Surely, it iswe who have the ready instrument of power, it ^s we who have
and the
The Yoeth BranchSeveral yean before WorldWar П the Ukrainian National Association launched a large scalemembership campaign in an effortto enroll more of the then indifferent youth. Through themedium of the Ukrainian Weeklythe youth were urged to join theU.N.A. as the time would comewhen the older generation wouldno longer be able to carry on withthe responsibility and the youngergeneration would be entrusted tocontinue the work, They respondedslowly at first but as time wentby the interest increased and, asa result we have several strongyouth branches and thousands ofyoung members in the U.NJL today. Youth activity reached itshighest peak during the yearsbefore the war, but came toan almost complete standstillduring the war. The indicationstoday are that youth interest inthe U.N.A. is on an upward trend,but that it will be some time before the pre-war activity and interest is reestablished.The youth branches which wereformed before
war had modestbeginnings, each starting out withonly a few charter members. Today many of these branches haveimpressive membership rolls, somein excess of 100 members. This, ofcourse, came as the result of hardwork and mutual cooperation ohthe part of certain; individuals whohave the interests of the organization in mind. These workers realize that the future of the U.N.A.depends on how much they accomplish, and thoy are strengthening their branches to assuremany years of future activity inmatters beneficial to their organization.The importance
of the youthbranch cannot be emphasized toostrongly. When a youth branchreceives its U.N.A. charter andofficial papers, books, seal, and records, it becomes something morethan another club,. It becomes animportant part of a ten-million-dollar fraternal benefit society,and> its success or failure meansmuch. The., branch^, has the rightto do business ..
organize members, collect dues, have meetings,sponsor affairs, elect officers, andthe like. It is, in fact a smallsited U.N.A. in
Xtaalgnedand sealed letters, documents andother papers
treated as officialbusiness arid are kept in the permanent files of the U.N.A. HomeOffice.The youth branch, because ofHa character and aa a result Ofits activities, is an important organization in its own locality. .Itcan quite easily obtain much newspaper publicity because of its аЩ-liation with a national fraternal,order. What the branch does isalways of importance, and for thisreason the branch should not hesitate to seek publicity at everyopportunity. This not only helpsthe branch, but the parent organisation as -well. Once the branch,has become well known in itslocality the task of organizing newmembers is simplified; the publicity will attract new faces. Thebranch must get new membersconstantly, for the more membersthe more the activity, the largerthe branch, and the greater theU.N.A.The U.NJL needs hundreds ofof youth branches. It needs additional thousands of young members.It needs youth to safeguardthe future. It wants to see itsyouth branches strongly represented at its conventions... to seethe youth participate in and voteon organizational matters. It wantsthe youth to study U.N.A. business, its systems, its good points,its work, its bistery. and its By-Laws. It wants the youth to takepart in all this and help as muchas possible.A member of a youth branch,therefore, is actually carrying onthe work begun by his parentswhen he takes active part in U.
A. matters. He is not wastinghis time when he attends a branchmeeting to discuss old and newbusiness. The members he organizes, few though they may be,make his branch and the U.N.A.that much more larger. In building something, no matter what it
"every little bit helps." TheU.N.A. needs a little help fromevery member.If you are a UNA. member thendo your bit If you are not a A.
A. member, you will be doingyour bit simply by joining. Whynot do your bit how?T. L.
First-Place Tie in U.N.A. BawlingLeague Broken
Smashing through with a tenpin pins. Veteran J. Motlack's two-series of 2,436 pins, the powerfulUN.A. Branch 14 team won athree-game victory over the Ir-vingtoa Ukrainian Eagles is the14Ш tournament held by the U.
A. Bowling League of the Metropolitan NJ.-N.Y. Area on Fri-day, December 10th, thus breakingits tie for first place honors withthe formidable St. John's CatholicWar Veterans, aTso from Newark.Branch 14* total of 885 pinsin the second game was highestteam single game fee the evening, making an active bid to recover itsNJ.UYL TO SPONSOR EASTERN SECTIONAL BOWLINGTOURNAMENTDuring the past weekend in Newark, the New Jersey State Ukrainian Youth League met and planswere formulated to sponsor theeastern sectional bowling tournament of the Ukrainian Youth'sLeague of North America, duringthe first weekend in March, 1949.Walter Maik of Passaic was appointed by the very active athletic committee of. the newly organized state organization tohandle all arrangements for theaffair, which will be held in Passaic,New Jersey. Also assisting Maikwill be Michael Labinaki of Elizabeth, John Пек of Perth Amboyand Michael Tizio of Jersey City,plus the Mr. Maik's local committee in Passaic.As the plans are tentatively set,bowling, socials and a sports dance,which will be held in the PassaicSt Nicholas Hall, will be in theoffering. Therefore from all indications,this affair should be tops.Applications for entry into thistournament have already been received from bowling groups in New'York City, Passaic, Jersey Cityand Perth Amboy, and it is expected that over fifteen teams willparticipate with many prizes andawards in the offering. Thereforrif you are in the least interested,contact Mr. Maik who lives at 265Lexington Avenue, Passaic, N. J.and he will supply you with thenecessary info. But act now asonly a limited number of teamswill be accepted.WALTER W. DANKO,National Sports DirectorUYL-NAtheir individual worth, not bytheir religion or origin ... We areever mindful of the shortcomingsof our democratic system, but weare resolved never to permit ourenemies to exploit those shortcomings for the purpose of destroying our democracy."more to lose by international inspection than those who don't have
Or does the USSR have It? Orwhat?The Soviet ConceptionJuggling words as though theywere rubber balls will hardly bringthe world nearer to peace. Givingmeanings to freedom, to democracy, to human dignity which arenot really there may fool peoplefor a certain length of time. Itwould certainly be more courageous if the Soviet leaders admittedthat their philosophy is fundamentally based on the idea thatthe average man and woman arenot capable of thinking for themselves, making a choice, or arriving at decisions.And yet it is because of this inalienable right of the human beingto be free—free to think, to express himself, to exchange ideas,to assemble, to arrive at decisions-that mankind has made progress.Whatever field we look into, therewas always someone, somewherean individual or group, that speededup the better way of life by either(having that freedom or by defying the authorities who denied himthat freedom.The tension between the twoworlds is becoming unbearableand the exension of the philosojhyfounded on the absence of freedom, on the rule of force by smallgroups of men, and on reprisalsagainst those who differ is—impossible.A farmer Was losing his patience and temper trying to drivetwo mules into a field, when thelocal parson came by and said:"Don't speak like that to thosedumb animals."Farmer: "You are just the manI want to see."Parson: "And why?"Farmer' "Tell me. how did Noahget these into the ark?"and bowler Eddie Komon's three-game set of 635 was likewisehighest followed by his team-mate6ffl Pazuk's 533, which was second highest their rivals in thematch, the Ukrainian Eagles, orbetter known as kolinsky Bros,and Co., seemed to have had anoffnight and the absence of thefifth player did not help the finalscore any. P. Molinsky, however,came through with a punching482 set for the nightThe St John's C.W.V. team wasunexpectedly jolted out of its* shareof top-high league honors by thevery unpredictable seventh-placeNew York U.N.A. Branch 435team when it dropped two gamesto the New Yorkers and held ontogame set of 346 was outstandingfor the Newark team, whim NewYorker A. Gulka led hie teammates all the way, registering athree-game set of 487.The pretentious "A" team representing the Jersey City Socialand Athletic Club bad little difficulty in winning all three gamesin its match with the NewarkUkrainian Veterans and, judgingby the numerous Wins in the hutmatches, it seems to be
former high rank among theleague's leaders. "Jay-See" Gnyrarelied a 201 game in the thirdwhich rounded out a big set of504 pins, while Veteran Popaca"did right" by his team-mateswith a 457-series.The heavy-rolling Ukrainian Social Club team .from Irvingtontripped up the other half of theJersey City twin teams, the "B"s,by winning two out of three games,and with a sizeable handicap toovercome besides. Although JohnSipaky did most of the heavy pinning for the Irvingtoniane, tallyingup a 513 рід series, it was the 195game of Walter Stasig whichbrought them victory In the rubber game.STEPHEN KURLAKhe third by a margin of 24UKRAINIAN NATIONAL ASSOCIATION LEAGUETEAM STANDINGSWon
UNA. Btanch 14, Newark 28
Bt John's C.W.V., Newark 28
Irvington Ukr. Social Club 28
Jersey City S.&A.Team
235. Irvington Ukr. Eagles 206. Jersey City S.&A. Team
167. U.N.A. Br. 435> N.Y.C. 158. Newark Ukrainian Veterans 5High 8 Game TotalLost Game High Pins Aver.11 874 252729871 766.013 837 2333 28875 740.416 860 2441 29181 748.316 836 2315 28435 729.119 889 2359 28401 728.323 851 2240 26445 678.024 802 2162 26252 673.034 751 2082 25031 642.0
of Veterans Administration
(i)in operation:(1) The residency training program. Under this program, VA istraining more than 2,000 doctorsin the various medical specialities.Fifty-eight VA hospitals are affiliated with 60 Ciass "A'^medicalschools' In provi&tniT fhifl*TraYning.(2) The Internship training program. Special legislation approvedby the 80th Congress permits VAto establish internships in selectedVA hospitals.' A maximum of 250interns are expected to be in training when the program is in fulloperation in 1950.The medical records of morethan 100.000 ill and disabled veterans a're being used to aid researchers in their efforts to dis-tain benefits available to veterahs
.. _ . .
.... - . ^ cover the causes and cures of lit-ORGANIZATIONVA operates several hundredoffices, hospitals and homesthroughout the country to fulfillits functions of administratingbenefits provided by law to veterans, thatf dependants and-beneficiaries in the continental UnitedStates.- VA also maintains offices hiAlaska, the Hawaiian Islands, thePanama Canal Zone, Puerto Rico,the Virgin Islands, Guam, and inthe Philippine Republic to administer the benefits that are availablein those areas.The Foreign Service of the Department of State cooperates withVA in the administration of сеГ-in foreign areas.DEPARTMENT OF MEDICINEAND SURGERY
most important
functions is to provide medicalcare for disabled veterans. A nation-wide network of modern,well-equipped and properly staffedout-patient clinics both for general medical purposes and formental hygiene, offer eligible veterans medical care on a par orabove that generally available.One hundred and twenty-sixhospitals (including a number oftemporary structures taken overfrom the Armed Services at thetie-known diseases and of unusualinjuries. This work is being accomplished m cooperation with thecommittee on Veterans MedicalProblems of the National ResearchCouncil, National Academy of Sciences, with the actual studies being carried out in universities Overhospitals, together with numerous
country. Studies ipto such diseases as epiiipsy, psychoncurosea,and hepatitis,- and into suchwounds as peripheral nerve injuries and spinal cord injuries arcin progress.VA also is conducting extensivestudies in the use of streptomycinin tuberculosis. Moreover, all patients and hospital employees areend of World War П) are being »
Periodic "X-rays in order to"You're a pretty sharp boy.Tommy." ..."Well. I ought to be. Pa takesme into his room and straps methree or four times a Week."JOIN THE UKRAINIAN NATL.ASSOCIATION. DO
NOW!utilized to hospitalize veterans. Inaddition, there are 144 out-patientclinics in VA regional and otherVA offices, 66 mental hygieneclinics operated by VA and 54 under contract.Completion of 89 new hospitalsin the present construction program will provide an additional52,000 beds for the ill and disabled.Two new hospitals have been completed m recent months.The medical staff Includes nearly 15,000 full-time doctors, dentists, and nurses. In addition, VAis using the services of approximately 2,000 residents, 2,000 part-time physicians, 475 consultantsand 310 attending physicians.Thousands of civilian doctors working on a fee basis also are availableto eligible veterans in almostevery community of the nation.With this medical care goesfree prescription service for drugs,plus social service home visits,when necessary and duly authorized.to help alleviate a generalshortage of doctors, especiallythose qualified In the various specialities, VA bag two programsprevent tuberculosis from spreading.Clinical laboratories are rtained at each VA hospital and
all the regional offices. The weal{of material whioh flows thrc-щthese clinics daily is one oftheinducements that VA offers youngdoctors to join-its hospital serviceon a permanent basis.The Department of Medicine andSurgery, under the supervision ofDr. Paul B. Magnuson, prominentorthopedic specialist, is composedof the following medical units inCentral Office.:Special Boards, which are chargedWith the recruiting, selection andpromotion of doctors.(To be continued)GETTING SET FOR ACTION(Conclude*Tfr0ra page 2)the youth of New York is necessary. Let's all give "Batko So-
a gala celebration on hisfifty-fifth anhrverXary in 1949. Allsuggestions on how to make thiscelebration a great success shouldbe sent to Miss D. Wolfe, 76 E.7th St., New" York 3, N. Y.PETER KUCHMA, Jr.

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