2V S‘ C§1“Of their wealth, take
” [Qur’ān 9:103] where the word
;“And those in whose wealth is a recognized right, for the (needy) who asks and himwho is deprived (for some reason from asking).” [Qur’ān 70:24, 25]The word
(wealth or property) in the above verses is general, therefore, it canapplytoanyandallkindsofwealth. The
thenidentiﬁesthetypesofwealththatis subject to
and also prescribes the rates to be charged. The jurists classify thesetypes and keep similar things together applying various standards that are derivedmostlyfromthetexts. Attimestheitemunderexaminationcannotbeclearlyassociatedwith one of the established categories, and this causes confusion in the minds of thosewho have to pay
Theissueofrentalpropertyisonesuchcase. Thereissomediﬃcultyinassociatingitclearlywithoneoftheestablishedcategories. Shoulditbetreatedlikegoldandsilveror should it be treated like trading goods? Is it possible to associate it with agriculturalland and its produce? The earlier jurists, at least in the Ḥanafī school, were able tosettle this issue with great ability and clarity.
In modern times,
abound that convey the ruling to people who have to pay
. Thus, thelearnedAhmadRazaKhanBarelviissuesaone-line
sayingthatthe rent from a house will be subject to
after a yearhas passed after thereciept of such rent.
The learned Mufti Taqi Usmani, his esteemed brother Mufti Raﬁ Usmanihavealsoissuedsimilarrulings.
MuftiTaqiUsmanisaysthattherentreceivedwillbeadded to your cash assets and will be subjected to
at the end of the year.
His sonhas also written a similar book, which serves as a guide on
for al-Meezan Bank.The guide, relying on
Fatāwā Qāḍī Khān
, says: “If a person hasa house that is leased, the value of the house will not be subject matter of Zakah, asleasing a property does not render it a trading asset. However, the rentals receivedwill be the subject matter of Zakah.”
The guide considers rentals and wages to beweak debts and says: “The ruling for this class of debts is that Zakah is not payableunlessfullamountispaidandoneZakahyearpassesthereonafterpayment. NoZakahis payable for preceding years.”
There are, and must be, countless other
of asimilar type, but our purpose here is merely to indicate the prevailing rulings as factsfrom where we proceed.
appear to state the correct Ḥanafī position on the basis of thesources of the school. The direction they take is correct, but the rulings are incomplete
1. See Aḥmad Riḍā Khān Barelvi,
, vol. 30 (Lahore: Riḍā Foundation, 2006), vol. 10,161.2. See, e.g., Usmani, Muhammad Taqi,
Āp Zakāt Kis Tarah adā’ Karen?
(Karachi: Memon Islamic Pub-lishers, n.d.), 58.3.Ibid.4. M. Imran Ashraf Usmani and Bilal Ahmad Qazi,
Guide to Zakah: Understanding and Calculation
(Karachi: Quranic Studies Publishers, n.d.), 18.5.Ibid.