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1 Nitrification Rates Related to Sedimentary Structures

1 Nitrification Rates Related to Sedimentary Structures

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Published by satoken
Nitrification rates, sedimentary structures
Nitrification rates, sedimentary structures

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Published by: satoken on Jun 17, 2009
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06/11/2011

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Lairna et al.: Nitrification rates in an Atlantic intertidal rnudflatFig.
1.
LocationMarennes-Olerofthe sampling site in the middle of an intertidal mudflat inon Bay. The ridge and runnel area is indicated by the lightgrey zone on the Brouage mudflat
respect to their density and
C
and N contents, but dif-fer considerably in some functional characteristicssuch as H20 content, pH and Eh (Table 1). Further-more, primary fluxes estimated by 'Be analysis in theshallow sediment horizons are around 20 cm yr-' inrunnels and only
7
cm yr-' in ridges (Gouleau et al, inpress).Actual nitrification assays. The No3- concentrationin the water above sediments varied between 50 to70
PM.
Incubations under such high NO3- concentra-tions often result in variable NH,+ pools in sedimentfrom which their displacement is also variable (Laimaunpubl.). To avoid these effects and to best assess theeffect of acetylene on the
NH4+
efflux, incubationswere carried out in the absence ofNO3- in the overly-ing water. The water of
12
cores (6 runnels
+
6
ridges)was carefully replaced by NO3--free artificial seawaterof the same salinity, the water height was adjusted to8cm and cores were fitted with magnet stirrers andremoveable gas-tight rubber membranes leaving noair phase (Fig. 2). Steady-state was obtained after
10
hof preincubation in the dark at the
in
situ
temperature
(16OC).
ediment O2 consumption was then measuredwith a microelectrode (see below). The flux was calcu-lated from the linear gradient above the sediment:where
J
is the flux ofO2 into the sediment,
z
is
thedepth and
D
is the diffusion coefficient for O2 in waterat ambient salinity and temperature. Rate values were0.05 mm01 O2 m-2 d-' for ridges and 0.14 mm01 O2 m-'d-' for runnels (Table
2).
Overlying water, which wasstirred continuously, was sampled (2.5 ml) after 0,
3.3,
6.2, and
17.1
h and replaced by equal volumes of0,-enriched water, to compensate for this consumption ofOz. The concentration of
NH,'
was measured on eachsubsample. At Hour 22, acetylene-saturated water wasadded to the water phase of8 cores (4 ridges
+
4
run-nels) in a proportion of
1
%
(vo1:vol). This relativelyhigh concentration is sufficient to ensure completeinhibition and rapid diffusion to nitrification sites in thesediment (Sloth et al. 1992).Prior to use, acetylene was

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