2002- It has been estimated that out of the total precipitation of around 400 millionhectare meters in the country, the surface water availability is about 178 million hectaremeters. Out of this about 50% can be put to beneficial use because of topographical and otherconstraints. In addition there is a ground water potential of about 42 million hectare meters.The availability of water is highly uneven in both space and time. Precipitation is confined toonly about three or four months in the year and varies from 10 cm in the western parts ofRajasthan to over 1000 cm at Cherrapunji in Meghalaya. Further, water does not respectstate boundaries. Not merely rivers but even under ground aquifers often cut across stateboundaries. Water as a resource is one and indivisible: rainfall, river waters, surface pondsand lakes and ground water are all part of one system; water is a part of a larger ecologicalsystem.
1987- As per the latest assessment (1993), out of the total precipitation, including snowfall, of around4000 billion cubic metre in the country, the availability from surface water and replenishable ground water is put at 1869 billion cubic metre. Because of topographical and other constraints, about 60% of this i.e.690 billion cubic metre from surface water and 432 billion cubic metre from ground water, can be put to beneficial use. Availability of water is highly uneven in both space and time. Precipitation is confined toonly about three or four months in a year and varies from 100 mm in the western parts of Rajasthan to over 10000 mm at Cherrapunji in Meghalaya. Rivers and under ground aquifers often cut across state boundaries. Water, as a resource is one and indivisible: rainfall, river waters, surface ponds and lakes andground water are all part of one system.
Critical analysis- 1. The old date shows that the water can be retained and made into use is just50% about 178 million cubic metre, but in the new policy this figure has been changed to1089millioncubic metre and in order to glorify the figures and to make them appear moreappealing they have changed centimeter in to millimeter so 100 cm became 1000 mm.
2002- Floods and drought affect vast areas of the country, transcending state boundaries. Athird of the country is drought-prone. Floods affect an average area of around 9 millionhectares per year. According to the National Commission on floods, the area susceptible to