CHARACTERIZATION OF INORGANIC POLLUTANTS INURBAN DRAINAGE NETWORK
Undergraduate student, Bachelor (Hons,) in Civil Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Universiti TeknologiMARA, Malaysia
The significant changes of hydrology and the land-use resulting from the rapid development in Malaysia,leads to the increase in the magnitude of stormwater events flow in downstream area and impact on land pollution thus for the water quality. Especially in urban area, the stormwater events will result to the potential of flooding, if the existing drainage systems fail to accommodate the discharge of thestormwater. The situation occurs mainly from a type of pollutants called sediments which accumulate intothe drainage system. It is a need to study about the characterization of inorganic pollutants (bed sediment)in urban drainage network with consideration of land development and season variations. The study wereconducted by using particle size distribution test to determine the type of sediment, composition, meansize and sorting characteristics in dry and wet season along small drainage area at hospital constructionsite, Section 7, Shah Alam. From the test, the results show that for both seasons, the bed sedimentclassified as very fine sand, with high composition of sand and silt, their mean size about 173.7294 µm to176.8763 µm, and the sorting characteristics as very poorly sorted.
inorganic pollutants, urban drainage, season variations, bed sediment characteristics, particlesize distribution
Rapid urbanization in Malaysia lead to significant changes to the hydrology and land-usewith the most obvious effect being the increase in the magnitude of stormwater events flow indownstream area and impact on flooding and water quality.With the climatic condition of uniform temperature, high humidity, copious rainfall andarise mainly from the maritime exposure, the effect of land and sea breezes on the general windflow pattern determine the rainfall distribution patterns over the country. During monsoonseason, some of the places will experiences heavy rain spells. Especially in urban area, this willresult to the flash flood, because the inability of existing drainage system to accommodate thedischarge of stormwater (Malaysian Meteorological Department, 2008).This situation occurs as the drain becomes shallower resulting from some impurityaccumulated into the system. This is called as pollutant. Gross pollutants such as litter andsediments will cause pollution and therefore reduce water quality (Lambe Littlejohn, 1989).The sediment is affected from land-use which commonly accelerates soil erosion and cangreatly affect into streams which is also receive surrounding runoff. The most visually strikingimpacts to streams are simply a consequence of the sediments presence in the water, such,greater turbidity and decreased transparency, and in extreme cases, zones of deposition and flowdiversion (Edwards, 1969).Where sediment is a pollutant, the study is conducted to determine the characteristic of the inorganic pollutants in urban drainage network which deals with the effect of the landdevelopment and with respect to the season variations. This is deal to characterize the bedsediments in term of the type, composition, mean size and sorting characteristics.