CHAPTER – 8 : GEAR & GEAR TRAIN
GEAR TERMINOLOGY :Pitch Circle or Pitch Curve
It is the theoretical curve along which the gear rolls without slipping on the correspondingpitch curve of other gear for transmitting equivalent motion.
It is the point of contact of two pitch circles.
It is the distance along the pitch circle circumference between the corresponding points on theconsecutive teeth.If d is diameter of the pitch circle and ‘T’ be number of teeth, the circular pitch (p
) is given byPc = ll X d / T
It is defined as the number of teeth per unit length of the pitch circle diameter. Therefore,diamental pitch (p
) can be expressed asPd = T / d
It is the ratio of the pitch circle diameter to the number of teeth. Therefore, the module (m) canbe expressed asM = d / T
Addendum Circle and Addendum
It is the circle passing through the tips of gear teeth and addendum is the radial distancebetween pitch circle and the addendum circle.
It is the circle passing through the roots of the teeth and the dedendum is the radial distancebetween root circle and pitch circle.
Full Depth of Teeth and Working Depth
Full depth is sum of addendum and dedendum and working depth is sum of addendums of the two gears which are in mesh.
Tooth Thickness and Space Width
Tooth thickness is the thickness of tooth measured along the pitch circle and space width isthe space between two consecutive teeth measured along the pitch circle. They are equal to
Theory of Machine (1MEB25) Prepared By : Prof. Jignesh Dangi