A point is the ur-element that provides the maximum accuracy for Locality, byminimal expression under Bridging. A line is the ur-element that provides the maximumaccuracy for Non-Locality, by minimal expression under Bridging. If a point and a lineare not bridged, then their properties as Locality (a point) or Non-locality (a line) are notexpressed and therefore not researchable. By OM,
Cardinality or Magnitude is themeasurement unit of the existence of a thing
.a) The magnitude of Emptiness(=0) has no predecessor.b) The magnitude of a Fullness(=
) has no successor.
is the result of the Bridging between 0 and
has a predecessor AND a successor.By the standard paradigm (ZF) we have two basic states, which are:c) The Empty set , where by
it is the minimal object that has predecessor ANDsuccessor.d) A non-empty set, where by
it is any non-minimal object that has predecessorAND successor.Both (a) and (b) have no members and they are distinguished from each other by theiropposite cardinalities. Furthermore, by OM, since (a) and (b) are atoms they are notderived from each other, and can be used as two mutually independent states (similarly totwo axioms) that if bridged with each other, they define (c)(d). By OM, (c)(d) is
of (a)(b) Bridging, such that card(a) < card(c) < card(d) < card(b).
2. Cardinality Sets and Categories
be a placeholder for any thinkable thing.
can be measured by using Set as ameasurement tool, where Cardinality is the measurement unit. For example, the ZFaxiom of the Empty Set states that: "
There exists set A such that any set (including A) isnot a member of A
". By OM this axiom is understood as follows: "
There exists set A
"means that if set
is measured as a member of some set, for example
}, then thecardinality of
is at least 1. We do not measure here the cardinality of the members of set
, but we measure here the cardinality of the members of set
, and by doing that wedefine the measurement unit of the existence of member
, which is not less thancardinality 1. If we generalize it to "
There exists set
", then the magnitude of the existenceof a Set is at least 1. Following the same reasoning, the magnitude of the existence of Emptiness is 0, where the magnitude of the existence of its opposite, called Fullness, is
. In each one of these examples, Set is used to measure the magnitude of the existenceof
(for further reading, please see Appendix page 25).In the case of the Empty set,
is the absence of members. In the case of the Full set,
is stronger than any member. "
X is stronger than any member
" is what OM callsRelation, known as "Membership" by Set Theory or "Morphisms" by Category Theory.In both theories Collection is
of Relation Element Interaction (REI), where thecardinality (the magnitude of the existence) of this
is > 0 and <