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DFM 2 Final 1

DFM 2 Final 1

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Published by: achamyeleh on Jun 18, 2009
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02/04/2013

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Chapter 2: Design Process
 
Objectives: Upon completion of this chapter the reader willbe able to:1.Establish ground rules for any design process.
2.
Comprehend and implement the principles of productdesign & development.3.Comprehend different stages of design activities.
4.
Implement the activities.2.1 INTRODUCTION TO DESIGN PROCESS
In our present day life, whole environments are man- made.(Right form a needle to the most sophisticated aircraft or spacecraft systems). So we can say that, manufactured productsare dominating very great part of our life. Design, construction,usage and salvation of these manufactured products rise from theneed of living things.(e.g.) Individual human beings, group of individuals, or a nation.The need may arise because of the desire, want, interest, motive,drive or necessity of these living things. Generally speaking everyindustrial product whether it is a simple device like a tool or complex systems like a flexible manufacturing system, it isconceived, constructed, exploited and salvaged to satisfy theneeds of the living things. To analyze this generalization let usconsider the following products and systems.(e.g.) A plough, a house, a bicycle or car, a restaurant.Let us ask ourselves the following question.“Why the above products or systems came into being?”The answer to the above question obviously will be “to satisfycertain needs”. These needs may be classified as the needs of themanufacturer/seller/owner and the needs of the user. For examplethe plough is satisfying the need of the user which is ploughinghis/her plot of agricultural land. On the other hand, the plough isalso satisfying the economic need (financial income) of its
Prepared by Prof.R.Panneer, Assistant Professor.
13
2
DESIGN PROCESS
 
Design for Manufacture, Design Process and DFXmanufacturer and seller. The same way a house or a buildingwhich was constructed by a contractor satisfy the economic needsof its constructor, and the economic needs of the seller of the building materials, on the other hand the house or the buildingalso satisfy the need of its owner namely sheltering. Similarly thecar or the bicycle, which is used for transporting the people or therestaurant, which is providing drinks and food to the people,satisfies the economic need of the manufacturer of the car or  bicycle and the owner or proprietor of the restaurant.To conclude, we can state that
 It is the need of the human beings (even other living things) for better living that leads to the conception, creation, conservation,exploitation and salvation of countless industrial and domestic products”
 
So, the life cycle of a man-made product or system(industrial/Domestic) can be shown as follows.
Prepared by Prof.R.Panneer, Assistant Professor.
 
14Fig: 2.1 Life cycle of a Product/System
Statement of the needSystem/Technical/Functional Analysis andDesign of the Product/systemManufacturing andconstructionUsage/exploitationSalvationDesign of the geometricconfiguration shapedescription/ form design/factorsDesign & analysis of Dimensions/SizeDescription/Theory of DimensioningDesign & analysis of mechanisms for strength,forces, moments &movementsConceptualization andCreation of theProduct/system
 Need analysis
 
Chapter 2: Design ProcessPrepared by Prof.R.Panneer, Assistant Professor.
 
15
 Need for ProductDevelopmentfrom differentsources
 NeedAnalysisSystemAnalsisFunctionalAnalysisEvolveProductConceptTotal structure
 
Individual formdesign
First breakthrough!!Shape developed!
Analysis of MechanismsAnalysis of forcesAnalysis of strength,vibrations, &other asectsAnalysis of DimensionsDetailed Design
GeneralAssemblyComponent/partsPre- production prototypePhysicalPerformanceTesting
Technical breakthroughworking prototypedeveloped!!!
Manufacturing systemsdesign (Tooling design, production planning etc.)
Production prototype
Concet otionsShape design optionsContd..Contd..
Needcomingfromdifferentsources
InitialdesignanalysisShapedesign
Evolvingconcept
Detaileddesign
Manufacturingsystemsdesign
Proto-typedevelopment
Fig 2.1 (contd.) Design activities at different stages of product development
Legend:All dashedlines indicatesthe iterationand revision process basedon options andfeedbacks

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