The budget documents do not break down expenditures by country or estimate howmuch the U.S. government spends to spy on Pakistan. But the nation is at the center oftwo categories
counterterrorism and counter-proliferation
that dominate theblack budget.In their proposal for fiscal 2013, which ends Sept. 30, U.S. spy agencies sought$16.6 billion to fight al-Qaeda and other terrorist groups and asked for $6.86 billion tocounter the spread of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons. Together, the twocategories accounted for nearly half of the U.S. intelligence commu
request for this year.
Detailed spreadsheets contain dozens of line items that correspond to operations in
Pakistan. The CIA, for example, was scheduled to spend $2.6 billion on “covert action”
programs around the world. Among the most expensive, according to current andformer U.S. intelligence officials, is the armed drone campaign against al-Qaeda
fighters and other militants in Pakistan‟s tribal belt
U.S. intelligence analysts “produced hundreds of detailed and timely reports on
and pending deliveries of suspect cargoes” to Pakistan, Syria and Iran.
Multiple U.S. agencies exploited the massive American security presence inAfghanistan
including a string of CIA bases and National Security Agency listeningposts along the border mainly focused on militants
for broader intelligence onPakistan
Anxiety over nuclear program
After years of diplomatic conflict, significant sources of tension between the UnitedStates and Pakistan have begun to subside.The pace of CIA drone strikes has plunged, and two years have passed since U.S.leaders infuriated Islamabad by ordering the secret raid inside Pakistani territory thatkilled bin Laden.Although Pakistani anger has abated, Haqqani said the fallout from the raid hadbroader consequences than widely understood.
“The discovery of bin Laden [in Pakistan] made the Americans think that the Pakistanistate’s ability to know what happens within the country is a lot less than had beenassumed,” said Haqqani, who is
an international-relations professor at Boston University.That realization may have ratcheted up a long-
standing source of concern: Pakistan’s
ability to safeguard its nuclear materials and components.
U.S. intelligence agencies are focused on two particularly worrisome scenarios: the
possibility that Pakistan‟s nuclear facilities might come under attack by Islamist
militants, as its army headquarters in Rawalpindi did in 2009, and even greater concernthat Islamist militants might have penetrated the ran
ks of Pakistan‟s military or