, lit. rolled sushi). A cylindrical piece, formed with the help of a bamboo mat, called a
is generally wrapped in nori, but canoccasionally be found wrapped in a thin omelette, sesame seeds, cucumber, or parsley.
is usually cut into six or eight pieces, which constitutes a single roll order.Below are some common types of makizushi, but many other kinds exist.
, lit. large or fat rolls). A large cylindrical piece, with nori onthe outside. A typical
is three or four centimeters (1.5 in) in diameter.They are often made with two or three fillings that are chosen for their complementary tastes and colors. During the Setsubun festival, it is traditional inKansai to eat uncut futomaki in its cylindrical form. Futomaki is generallyvegetarian, but may include toppings such as tiny fish eggs.
, lit. thin rolls). A small cylindrical piece, with the nori on theoutside. A typical
has a diameter of about two centimeters (0.75 in).They generally contain only one filling, often tuna, cucumber, kanpyō, thinlysliced carrots, or, more recently, avocado.
) a kind of
filled with cucumber, isnamed after the Japanese legendary water imp fond of cucumbers calledthe kappa. Traditionally,
is consumed to clear the palate between eating raw fish and other kinds of food, so that the flavors of thefish are distinct from the tastes of other foods.
) is a kind of
filled with raw tuna.Although some believe that the name "Tekka", meaning 'red hot iron',alludes to the color of the tuna flesh, it actually originated as a quick snack to eat in gambling dens called "Tekkaba (
)", much like thesandwich.
) is a kind of
filled with scallion andchopped tuna. Fatty tuna is often used in this style.
) is a kind of
filled with canned tunatossed with mayonnaise.
, lit. inside-out rolls). A medium-sized cylindrical piece, withtwo or more fillings.
differs from other
because the rice is on theoutside and the nori inside. The filling is in the center surrounded by nori, then alayer of rice, and an outer coating of some other ingredients such as
or toasted sesame seeds. It can be made with different fillings such as tuna, crabmeat, avocado, mayonnaise, cucumber, carrots. This is typically thought of as aninvention to suit the American palate , and is not commonly seen in Japan. Theincreasing popularity of
in North America, as well as around the world, hasresulted in numerous kinds of
and regional off-shoots being created,such as the California roll, the B.C. roll (grilled salmon skin), and thePhiladelphia roll (cream cheese).
includes avocado, unagi, and carrot greens.
includes yellowtail (hamachi), and fillings such as bean sprouts, carrots, chili and spicy mayo.
features sashimi, layered outside with rice.
includes fried soft shell crab and other fillings such ascucumber, avocado, daikon sprouts or lettuce, roe, and spicy mayonnaise.