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Table Of Contents

1 SURVEY OF HAUL TRUCKS & ROADS FOR SURFACE MINES
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Haul Trucks and Construction/Maintenance Equipment
1.3 Haul Road Length
1.5 Haul Road Construction Materials
1.6 Symptoms and Causes of Haul Road Deterioration
1.7 Haul Road Maintenance
1.8.1 Layer Thickness
1.8.2 Haul Road Geometry
1.8.3 Construction Techniques
1.9 Summary
2 HAUL ROAD PLANNING AND ALIGNMENT
2.1 General
2.2 Key Road Planning and Alignment Factors
2.3 Haul Truck Stopping Distance
2.4 Sight Distance and Vertical Curves
2.5 Road Width
2.7 Super-Elevation
2.7.1 Super-Elevation Runout
2.8 Optimal Grades
2.8.1 Maximum Sustained Grade
2.8.2 Runaway Provisions
2.9 Combination of Horizontal and Vertical Alignment
2.10 Safety Berms and Ditches
3 DESIGN OF HAUL ROAD CROSS-SECTION
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Design Based on CBR
3.3 Design Based on Critical Strain and Resilient Modulus
3.3.1 Critical Strain Limit
3.3.2 Design Procedure
3.4 Comparison of the Two Methods
3.5 Correlation Between the Vertical Strain and Surface Deflection
3.6 Summary
4 ROAD SURFACE
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Roughness
4.3 Traction
4.4 Rolling Resistance
4.4.1 Measuring Rolling Resistance
4.4.2 Typical Rolling Resistance Values
4.4.3 Economic Impact of Rolling Resistance
4.5 Haul Road Trafficability and Cycle Time
4.6 Road Maintenance and Repair
4.7 Drainage Requirements
4.8 Dust Suppressants
5 ROAD CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS
5.1 Surface Layer Materials
5.1.1 Compacted Gravel and Crushed Rock
5.1.2 Asphaltic Concrete
5.1.3 Roller Compacted Concrete
5.2 Materials for Base and Sub-Base Layers
5.2.1 Material Properties
5.2.2 Fly Ash
5.3 Compaction Requirements
6 HAUL ROAD ECONOMICS
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Costs Associated with Road Building
6.2.1 Pre-Road Construction Preparation
6.2.2 Road Construction Costs
6.2.3 Road Removal Costs
6.2.4 Fleet Productivity
6.3 Road Maintenance
6.4 Extra Fleet Operating and Maintenance Costs
6.5 Other Considerations
6.5.1 Climate
6.5.2 Application of Larger Trucks
6.6 Comparison of Temporary and Semi-Permanent Roads
6.6.1 Temporary Road
6.6.2 Semi-Permanent Road
6.6.3 Conclusion
6.7 Example of Full Life Cycle Economics Applied to a Haul Road
6.7.1 Temporary Road
6.7.2 Semi-permanent Road
6.8 Summary
7 REFERENCES
APPENDICES
8 HAUL TRUCKS AND TIRES
8.1 Haul Trucks
8.2 Rimpull-Speed-Gradeability Curves
8.3 Haul Truck Retarder Curves
8.4 Truck Tires
9 BEARING CAPACITY AND VERTICAL STRAIN
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Bearing Capacity Analysis
9.3 Finite Element Strain Analyses
9.4 Effect of Layer Stiffness on Vertical Strain
9.5 Effect of Layer Thickness on Vertical Strain
9.6 Effect of Tire Interaction
9.7 Summary and Recommendations
10 QUESTIONNAIRE DETAILS
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Haul Road Design Guidelines

Haul Road Design Guidelines

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Published by fernandoj

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Published by: fernandoj on Sep 04, 2013
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05/30/2014

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