restrictions as compare to the previous scenario. In other words the satellite provides itsown bandwidth for a network of cells that can be used by any cell (that need it) without being bound by terrestrial bandwidth and location restrictions.
Satellites have been used since 1960 to transmit broadcast television signals between thenetwork hubs of television companies and their network members. Sometime, a whole setof programs is transmitted at once and recorded at the affiliate, and then broadcast to thelocal populace according to the appropriate time. In the 1970’s it became possible for private individuals to download the same signals that the network and cable companieswere transmitting, using C-band reception dishes. This free viewing of the corporatecontents by individuals let to scrambling and subsequent resale of the descrambling codesto individual customers, which started the direct-to-home industry. The direct-to-homeindustry has gathered even greater response since the introduction of digital direct broadcast service.
In the marine community, satellite communication systems such as Immarsat providegood communication links to ships at sea. These links use a VSAT type device to connectto geosynchronous satellites, which in turn links the ship to a land based point havingrespective telecommunications system.
5.SPACE BOURNE LAND MOBILE
Along the same lines as the marine based service, there are VSAT devices which can beused to establish communication links even from the world’s most remote regions. Thesesdevices can be hand-held or fit into a briefcase or might be bigger. Digital data at 64K ISDN is available with some (Immarsat).
6.SATELLITE MESSAGING FOR COMMERCIAL JETS
Another service provided by geosynchronous satellite is the ability for passenger on anairborne aircraft to connect directly to a land based telecom network.
7.GLOBAL POSITIONING SERVICES
Another VSAT oriented service, in which a small apparatus containing the ability todetermine navigational coordinates by calculating a triangulating or the signals frommultiple geosynchronous satellites.
TECHNOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES OF SATELLITETELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM SATELLITES FOR DATA
Incorporating satellites into terrestrial networks is often holdback by three characteristics possessed by satellite communication.◘
LATENCY (PROPAGATION DELAY)