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Ashford PHI 103 Week 4 Complete & Quiz (Informal Logic)

Ashford PHI 103 Week 4 Complete & Quiz (Informal Logic)

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Ashford PHI 103 Week 4 Complete & Quiz (Informal Logic)
Ashford PHI 103 Week 4 Complete & Quiz (Informal Logic)

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Ashford PHI 103 Week 4 Complete
PHI 103 Week 4 DQ 1
As stated in our text book “scientists design experiments and try to obtain results verifying
or disproving a hypothesis, but philosophers are the driving force in determining what
factors determine the validity of scientific results.” (Mosser, 2011). Karl Popper's
philosophy of science uses modus as the central method of disconfirming, or falsifying,scientific hypotheses.PHI 103 Week 4 DQ 2Mary is poor. She has not been able to find a job and has two children she needs to feed.Assume Mary is forced to let her children go hungry or steal some food from a localgrocery store. Which should she do? Construct an argument that supports Mary's decisionto steal the food or an argument that shows why Mary should not steal the food. Critiquethe arguments offered by your classmates.
Ashford PHI 103 Week 4 Quiz
10 MCQ’s
 
1.
 
A good way to establish a conclusion as true, or probable, is to2.
 
Logicians regard the following as the meaning of the word "argument."3.
 
A strongly supported claim in science should be regarded as4.
 
Examining reasons and constructing arguments can help in5.
 
If the word "should" appears in a sentence, that sentence will always involve an ethicalclaim.6.
 
Descartes worried a great deal about the threat posed by which of the following?
 
7.
 
"If I move to Texas, I will need air conditioning. I don't need air conditioning. So I didn'tmove to Texas" is an argument form known as8.
 
A radical skeptic might be willing to doubt which of the following?9.
 
French philosopher René Descartes tried to show that10.
 
To support a scientific hypothesis, one might
Ashford PHI 103 Week 4 Critical Thinking Quiz
25 MCQ’s
 
1.
 
<11{1[4(17)17]}> Mrs. Orlof teaches two history classes, one in the morning and one in theafternoon. Yesterday she gave the same test to both classes. Anyone who failed the test must takea retest. Since a greater percentage of students who took the morning test failed the test thanstudents
who took the afternoon test, more of Orlof’s morning history students than afternoon
history students will have to take the retest.The conclusion above is not necessarily valid because2.
 
<11{1[1(19)19]}> All sages provide both wisdom and inspiration. Sinc
e Dasha’s speech contained
wisdom and greatly inspired her audience, Dasha is a sage.Which one of the following points out the flaw in the argument above?3.
 
<21{1[1(01)01]}> Since Jessica’s participation in local politics increased significantly after she joined her school’s political science club, it is clear that her involvement in that club led her to take
an interest in politics.The argument above is flawed because4.
 
<11{1[3(02)02]}> Catherine goes to her local movie theater only to see romantic comedies. SinceCatherine did not go to the movies yesterday, there is not a romantic comedy playing at her localtheater.The reasoning above is flawed because the evidence5.
 
<21{1[2(24)24]}> The average height of members of the high school basketball team is six feet,three inches. Jerry is on the high school basketball team, so Jerry must be taller than six feet.The argument above is flawed because it confuses6.
 
<11{1[4(23)23]}> People have claimed that Jamie’s paintings have given them the blues. Clearly
this ca
nnot be entirely correct, since many of Jamie’s paintings contain no blue at all.
The argument above is flawed because the author7.
 
<21{2[2(12)36]}>Career counselor: It is best for artists to build a practical and safe career thatwill guarantee them a secure income, and then pursue their art in their spare time. That way, theywill be motivated to work hard at their day jobs to support their art making, and both their careerand their art will thrive.Which one of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument?8.
 
<21{2[1(01)25]}> The untimely death of Professor Hathaway halted his groundbreaking researchinto the uses of solar power. It therefore appears that
Hathaway’s research will not result in
practical applications.Which one of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?9.
 
<11{2[3(02)26]}>Aron: The two double A batteries in my CD player are dead, so the CD player
doesn’t work. My television
remote control, which also uses two double A batteries, works fine. So if I move the two batteries from my television remote control to my CD player, the CD player willdefinitely work.
Aron’s argument is most strengthened if which one of the following i
s true?10.
 
<11{3[1(03)39]}> Last season at City Opera House, far more people attended opera X than operaY. However, opera Y generated far greater net profits for City Opera House than did opera X.Each of the following could directly explain the result indicated above EXCEPT:11.
 
<11{3[1(07)43]}> As part of its reorganization, company X created five new positions within thecompany. However, after the reorganization was complete, company X had fewer employees thanbefore the reorganization.Which one of the following, if true, would best explain the result described above?12.
 
<11{4[2(12)56]}> Choose the pair of words/phrases among the choices that exhibits the samelogical relationship as the words/phrases in the following pair.
building
:
blueprint 
 

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