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P. 1
File Organization

File Organization

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Published by Harish Morwani
File Organization,Direct File, Sequential File, Heap, ISAM
File Organization,Direct File, Sequential File, Heap, ISAM

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Published by: Harish Morwani on Jun 19, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/03/2013

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FILE ORGANIZATIONFILE ORGANIZATION
 
HIERARCHY OF DATAHIERARCHY OF DATA
s
BITBIT: Binary Digit (0,1; Y,N; On, Off): Binary Digit (0,1; Y,N; On, Off)
s
BYTEBYTE: Combination of BITS which: Combination of BITS whichrepresents a characterrepresents a character
s
FIELDFIELD: Collection of BYTES which: Collection of BYTES whichrepresents a DATUM or Factrepresents a DATUM or Fact
s
RECORDRECORD: Collection of FIELDS which: Collection of FIELDS whichreflects a TRANSACTIONreflects a TRANSACTION
s
FILEFILE: A collection of similar RECORDS: A collection of similar RECORDS
s
DATABASEDATABASE: An Organization’s Electronic: An Organization’s ElectronicLibrary of FILES organized to serveLibrary of FILES organized to servebusiness applicationsbusiness applications
 
File Organization File OrganizationTechniquesTechniques
s
 Three techniques Three techniques
Heap/Pile (unordered)Heap/Pile (unordered)SortedSorted
s
Sequential (SAM)Sequential (SAM)
s
Indexed Sequential (ISAM)Indexed Sequential (ISAM)
Hashed or DirectHashed or Direct

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