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Water Municipalization Guide: How U.S. Communities Can Secure Local Public Control of Privately Owned Water and Sewer Systems

Water Municipalization Guide: How U.S. Communities Can Secure Local Public Control of Privately Owned Water and Sewer Systems

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This guide provides an overview of the process and a number of logistical considerations involved in government purchases of privately owned water and sewer systems. Although the general procedure is similar, the specifics will vary by situation, partly because every state has its own legal and regulatory framework.
This guide provides an overview of the process and a number of logistical considerations involved in government purchases of privately owned water and sewer systems. Although the general procedure is similar, the specifics will vary by situation, partly because every state has its own legal and regulatory framework.

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Published by: Food and Water Watch on Sep 05, 2013
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02/14/2014

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How U.S. Communities Can SecureLocal Public Control of Privately OwnedWater and Sewer Systems
MUNICIPALIZATION GUIDE
 
About Food & Water Watch
Food & Water Watch works to ensure the food, water and
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This guide is for informational purposes only.
It is not intended to provide legal advice or complianceinstruction. Readers are responsible for consulting their own legal counsel and the appropriate regulatory
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this report relies on secondary sources and their analyses of state statutes. While all sources were deemed
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MUNICIPALIZATION GUIDE
Executive Summary .........................................................................................2Background: Trends in Water System Ownership. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3Reasons to Municipalize .....................................................................................4Overview of the Municipalization Process ...................................................................4PHASE 1. Study and Planning ................................................................................4
Ownership Structure 
......................................................................................4 
Operating Structure 
......................................................................................7 
Shared Treatment Options
................................................................................7PHASE 2. Negotiation ........................................................................................7 
Setting the Purchase Price 
................................................................................7PHASE 3. Condemnation (if necessary) ......................................................................8 
Caution: Corporate Tactics to Oppose Public Control Efforts
...............................................10 
Community Action for Local Control: How to Form a New Group
.........................................12 
Receivership: An Alternative for Distressed Systems
.......................................................12PHASE 4. Sale and Transition ...............................................................................13 
Financing Options
......................................................................................13 
Regulatory Approvals
....................................................................................14 
Permit Modifications
....................................................................................15Policy Recommendations and Best Practices ................................................................15Endnotes ...................................................................................................17
How U.S. Communities Can SecureLocal Public Control of PrivatelyOwned Water and Sewer Systems

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