Sleeve gastrectomy surgery is one of the safest and rapid weight loss proceduresfor higher risk obese patients. It is relatively a new approach for those with abody mass index over 50 and is ideal for patients with anemia and other medicalcomplications.Sleeve gastrectomy surgery is the process of reducing the size of the patient’sstomach permanently. It helps you lose weight by restricting the amount of foodthat can be eaten at one time. The amount of weight loss after a sleeve gastrectomy is dependent upon the size ofthe sleeve created. In general, a person may expect to lose between 30 to 35% oftheir initial body weight or roughly 40 pounds in a year.ProcedureThis procedure is performed laparoscopically and under a general anesthetic. Yoursurgeon will make 4 to 5 small incisions in the abdomen. He then inserts a seriesof instruments along with a camera. This camera is able to relay what it focusesonto a large video screen outside. This screen enables the surgeon to have acloser view and also useful for the placement of the instruments and stapling ofthe stomach. The stomach is restricted by stapling and dividing it vertically andremoving more than 85%.The remaining stomach is shaped like a very small banana and measures from 1-5ounces depending on the patient.No interference with small intestine and no changes to the normal digestivefunction of the stomach. You have a much smaller stomach, for which patients feelfull after eating very small amounts of food.Along with the large portion of the stomach, your hunger hormone ‘ghrelin’ is alsoremoved. This hormone is responsible for stimulating your appetite that means nohunger experience any more.After surgeryYou will only be allowed to drink water in the first 24 hours after surgery. Thiswill make sure that there are no problems with you consuming liquids or fluids.Following that, you will go on a liquid diet for next few days, then this will befollowed by semi-solids and then solid foods gradually.Unlike other forms of bariatric surgery, the outlet valve and the nerves to thestomach remain intact. The stomach continues to function normally and so there arefewer restrictions on the foods after surgery. However, it is the responsibilityof the patient to reduce the quantity of food to be eaten. BenefitsNot only is it a one-time procedure, one of the greatest advantages of thissurgery, which includes removal of the part of the stomach and elimination ofhunger stimulation hormones from your body.You will experience dramatic weight loss in the first twelve months after surgery.Again, it will reduce your risks of developing co-morbidity such as heart disease,stroke or lever disease and diabetics. Other important benefits include improvedconfidence level, healthy lifestyle and a more positive outlook on life. It isalso considered much safer.DisadvantagesThough the risks are known to be much lower than other forms of bariatric surgery,one of the major disadvantages of this kind of surgery is that it is notreversible. Some higher BMI patients may need to have a second stage procedurelater to help lose the rest of their body weight.And like any surgical operation,sleeve gastrectomy also has possible complications like leakage, bleeding etc.