THE SCOPE OF CLINICAL LINGUISTICS – PRINCIPLES OF GENERALLINGUISTICS AND THEIR CLINICAL RELEVANCE.Sunil Kumar. Ravi.
The word linguistics has been derived from Latin words
meaning tongue and
meaning knowledge or science. The field of linguistics, the scientific study of humannatural language, is a growing and exciting area of study with an important impact onfields as diverse as education, anthropology, sociology, language teaching, cognitive psychology, philosophy, computer science and neuroscience among others.Fundamentally, Linguistics is the field which is concerned with the language and(linguistic) communication. When linguists use the term language or natural humanlanguage, they are revealing their belief that at the abstract level, beneath the surfacevariation, languages are remarkably similar in form and function and conform to certainuniversal principles.The study of language is ultimately the study of human mind. It is concerned with thestructures, principles and patterns of language, its development and relation to other languages.What is language then? Language is the most powerful tool and adequate means of communication. It is a highly developed communicating system. And it is defined as asymbol system based on pure arbitrary convention, infinitely extendable and modifiableaccording to the changing needs and condition of speaker. (Robins. R. H, 1980).
Branches of Linguistics:
, (general aspects of language are studied),2)
, (historical aspects of the language are studied),3)
, (origins of the different languages are studied),4)
(Social aspects of language are studied, ex: dialects, etc…),