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Day Lighting Guide for Canadian Buildings Final 6

Day Lighting Guide for Canadian Buildings Final 6

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Daylighting Guide for CanadianCommercial Buildings
 
 August 2002 August 2002 August 2002 August 2002
 
 
2 Daylighting Guide for Canadian Commercial Buildings
About This Guide
 Although many daylighting guides exist, they are generally focused on moderate or warmclimates. Canada’s cool climate and geographic diversity brings with it unique building needs,which affect daylighting feasibility and practicality. This guide provides the building designpractitioner with some tools and techniques to design high-performance daylit commercialbuildings in Canada.Daylighting is an integrative process, with each design decision affecting other aspects of thebuilding design. This guide has been developed to follow the typical building design processfrom the initial planning stages through to commissioning. At the end of the process, thedesigner will achieve a daylighting design suitable to the Canadian climate and will be able topredict the performance of the building with the aid of the Building Design Adviser (BDA)software. A new version of the BDA software was developed by Lawrence Berkeley NationalLaboratory as a supplement to this guide. The BDA can be downloaded free-of-charge from:http://gaia.lbl.gov/bda/index.html.The guide is divided into four parts, as follows:Part 1 The Case for Daylighting.Part 1 The Case for Daylighting.Part 1 The Case for Daylighting.Part 1 The Case for Daylighting. An argument for the use of daylighting is introduced. Theunique challenges presented by the Canadian climate are summarized.Part 2 Daylighting Concepts.Part 2 Daylighting Concepts.Part 2 Daylighting Concepts.Part 2 Daylighting Concepts.Initial-stage planning parameters are outlined and specificfunctional objectives of the daylighting strategies are established. Basic decisions on buildingform and window size are followed by approaches for daylighting the building perimeter andcore. Design considerations for glazing selection, shading strategies and occupant visualcomfort are also discussed.Part 3 Daylighting Integration.Part 3 Daylighting Integration.Part 3 Daylighting Integration.Part 3 Daylighting Integration.Proper integration of daylight with building systems isdiscussed with respect to electric lighting control and mechanical coordination. Thisintegration can only be achieved through a carefully coordinated design and a calibrateddaylight and electric lighting system. A computer software tool (BDA) is introduced to enablethe designer to quantify the impact of their daylighting decisions in terms of lighting levels andenergy savings.Part 4 Case Studies.Part 4 Case Studies.Part 4 Case Studies.Part 4 Case Studies.Three successful daylit commercial buildings in northern climates aredescribed. These buildings are recognized as having achieved high levels of buildingperformance.
 
 
Daylighting Guide for Canadian Commercial Buildings 3
Acknowledgements
 This guide was prepared by Enermodal Engineering Limited of Kitchener, Ontario on behalf of Public Works and Government Services Canada (Ivan Pasini, Project Manager). This guidedraws on information contained in “Tips for Daylighting with Windows” prepared by LawrenceBerkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). LBNL was also responsible for the development of thecompanion software “Building Design Advisor” (BDA). We would also like to thank YukonEnergy Corporation and Revenue Canada for agreeing to include their buildings in the casestudy section. Everyone’s support of this project is greatly appreciated.
Cover Images Credits: (top, left, right) – Alice Turner Branch Library, Saskatoon, SK (credit: Darlene Machibroda, Kindrachuk Agrey Architects Ltd.); Mountain Equipment Co-op, Ottawa, ON (credit: Mountain Equipment Co-op); The Great Hall, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, ON (credit: The National Gallery of Canada).

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