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LOGARITMOS

LOGARITMOS

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Published by: mlon5021 on Jun 20, 2009
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Logaritmos
LOGARITMOS
DEFINICI\u00d3N:
El logaritmo de un n\u00famero, para una base dada, es el exponente que indica la potencia a la

que debe elevarse la base para obtener el n\u00famero.
En general, el logaritmo base b de N es L.
Se denota por:

Forma logar\u00edtmica
Forma exponencial
L
N
Logb
=
implica que
bL = N
donde b = base
N = Argumento
L = Logaritmo
El logaritmo puede ser fraccionario, entero o cero. La base debe ser positiva y distinta de la
unidad.
EJEMPLO 1: Transforme de la forma exponencial a la forma logar\u00edtmica.
a)
8
23=
3
8
Log2
=
b)
6
1
42=
2
16
Log4
=
c)
91
32
-=
2
91
Log3
\u2212
=
\ue007\ue008\ue006
\ue001\ue002\ue000
d)
4
1
832
=
\u2212
32
4
1
Log8
\u2212
=
\ue007\ue008\ue006
\ue001\ue002\ue000
e)
0
1
Loga=
1
a0=
EJEMPLO 2: Convierta de la forma logar\u00edtmica a la forma exponencial.
a)
2
25
Log5
=
25
52=
b)
6
64
Log2
=
64
26=
106
Logaritmos
c)
2
16
1
Log
4
1
=
\ue007\ue008\ue006
\ue001\ue002\ue000
6
1
4
12
=
\ue007\ue008\ue006
\ue001\ue002\ue000
d)
3
a
Log
3
a
=
3
3
a
a=
e)
0
1
Logr
=
1
r0=
EJEMPLO 3: Encuentre los siguientes logaritmos.
a)
64
Log4
Soluci\u00f3n:
64
4L=
3
64
Log
3
L
4
=
\u2234
=
3
L
4
4=
b)
81
Log3
Soluci\u00f3n:
81
3L=
4
81
Log
4
L
3
=
\u2234
=
34
3L=
c)
( )
8
Log
2
1
Soluci\u00f3n:
=
\ue007\ue008\ue006
\ue001\ue002\ue000
L
2
1
3
3
123
3
L
2
1
2
1
\u2212
\u2212
=
\ue007\ue008\ue006
\ue001\ue002\ue000
( )
3
-
8
Log
3
-
L
2
1
2
1
2
1
-3
L
=
\u2234
=
\u2234
\ue007\ue008\ue006
\ue001\ue002\ue000
=
\ue007\ue008\ue006
\ue001\ue002\ue000
d)
310
Log
Soluci\u00f3n: () ()3
1
L
10
10=
3
1
10
Log
3
1
L
3
=
\u2234
=
107
Logaritmos
e)
5
125
Log5
Soluci\u00f3n:
( )2
1
L
5
125
5=
2
1
3
L
5
5
5
\u22c5
=
2
7
L
5
5
=
2
7
5
125
Log
2
7
L
5
=
\u2234
=
f)
7
Log343
Soluci\u00f3n:( )
7
343L=
( )
7
7
L
3
=
( )
3
1
L
3
1
3
7
7
=
\ue00a\ue00b\ue009
\ue004\ue005\ue003
3
1
L
7
7=
Ejemplo 4: Resuelva la ecuaci\u00f3n (determine la inc\u00f3gnita seg\u00fan sea el caso)
a)
2
N
Log7
=
N
72=
49
N=
\u2234
b)
3
125
Logb
=
125
b3=
5
b
125
b
3
33
=
\u2234
=
c)
2
x
Log3=
x
32=
\u2234
9
x=
d)
\u03a5
23
y
Log4
\u2212
=
y
423
-
=
y
4
1
3=
108

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