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John Locke Paper #1

John Locke Paper #1

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Published by: molina29 on Jun 20, 2009
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11/07/2012

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Social Contract Theory
John’s Locke Social Contract TheoryCJA 530University of PhoenixFacilitator : Patrick Cote1
 
Social Contract Theory
AbstractJohn Locke’s social contract theory is one of the oldest philosophies that view a person’s moral or political obligations are based on a contract between a person to form asociety. John Locke is a British philosopher, whose association with Anthony Cooper influenced him to become a government official that collected information about tradingcolonies, an economic writer, and opposition political activist. Locke believes that people should use reason to search for the truth, and Mr. Locke did not think peopleshould just accept the opinion of authorities. However, he wanted people to use reason totry to grasp the truth. I will be discussing Locke’s theory about the civil government and,Locke’s point of view about the state of nature.2
 
Social Contract Theory
Civil GovernmentJohn Locke believes that determining the legitimate functions of institutions willmake an effective society. “So while Locke might admit some governments come about by force or violence, he would be destroying the most central and vital distinction, between legitimate and illegitimate civil government.” (Stanford, 2000, p.34). Locke believed illegitimate civil government is instituted by the consent of those governed.People who make this agreement give up their rights to the civil government, their rightof executing the law of nature and the right to judge their own case. People have theright to judge their own case is consistent with the criminal justice system today, becausemany people are representing themselves in court today.When establishing universal consent it is essential to establish a politicalcommunity, and a majority consent to answer the questions. Universal consent andmajority consent are different to a certain degree. “Locke’s argument for the right of themajority is the theoretical ground for the distinction between duty to society and duty togovernment, the distinction that authorize an argument for resistance without anarchy.When the designated dissolves, men remind obligated to society acting through majorityrule.” (Stanford, 2000, p.35).3

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