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Optical Fiber Cable.ppt

Optical Fiber Cable.ppt

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Published by Navin Kumar

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Published by: Navin Kumar on Sep 06, 2013
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For internal use only0 © Nokia Siemens Networks National Transmission Team / 9/6/2013
Optical Fiber Cable(OFC)
By :-NATIONAL TRANSMISSION TEAMAnkush SharmaParas Malhotra
For internal use only1 © Nokia Siemens Networks National Transmission Team / 9/6/2013
Growth Of Optical Fiber 
Optical fibers were discovered in 1920s
Initially they were used for medical purposes but seldom used for communication purposes due to high losses.
By 1960, glass-clad fibers had attenuation of about one decibelper meter, fine for medical imaging, but too high for communications .
By 1980 the carriers built national backbone network of opticalfiber with 1300nm sources where fiber attenuation was as low as 0.5dB/km
However, a new generation of single-mode systems is nowbeginning to find applications in submarine cables and systemsserving large numbers of subscribers. They operate at 1.55micrometers, where fiber loss is 0.2 to 0.3 dB/km, allowing evenlonger repeater spacings.
For internal use only2 © Nokia Siemens Networks National Transmission Team / 9/6/2013
What are Optical Fibers? 
Optical Fibers are thin long (km) strands of ultra pure glass (silica) or plastic that can to transmit light from one end to another without muchattenuation or loss.
This is to be believed as repeater distances on long haul routes for opticalfibers vary from 50 to 150 km.

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