Electrical Formulas, Explanations
The key is 1 horsepower - 1 Amp on 575 Volts. All others then become a direct ratio of this figure,
ie.,575/460 times 1.0 equals 1.25 A for 1 hp required on 460 V. Now, for example, with these facts at hand,you can say that a 150-hp motor on 230 V will require approximately 375 A. This is obtained as follows: 1hp on 230 V requires 2.5 A per horsepower, so you simply multiply 2.5 times 150 hp.
Horsepower Revolutions Per Minute - Torque
is simply a twisting force that causes rotation around a fixed point. For example, torque issomething we all experience every time we pass through a revolving door. Horsepower is what is requiredwhen we pass through the door, because we are exercising torque at a certain revolution per minute(r/min). The faster we go through the revolving door, the more horsepower is required. In this case, thetorque remains the same. In relating this concept to motors, we use this rule of thumb:1 horsepower at 1800 revolution per minute delivers 3 ft-lb of torque1 horsepower at 900 revolutions per minute delivers 6 ft-lb of torqueUsing this simple rule, we can see that a 10-hp motor at 1800 r/min delivers 30 ft-lb of torque, and a 20-hpmotor at 1800 r/min delivers 60 ft-lb of torque.In another example, a 1-hp motor at 1200 r/min delivers 4.5 ft-lb of torque. Here is how to figure this.Multiply the torque at 1800 r/min by the ratio 1800/ 1200. Torque, then, is the inverse ratio of the speed.In other words, SPEED DOWN—TORQUE UP for the same horsepower.A quick estimate for the torque of a 125-hp, 600-r/min motor can be figured by the following procedure.125 hp times 3 ft-lb equal 375 ft-lb of torque for a 125-hp motor at 1800 r/min. Now, to convert to 600rpm, multiply 375 times 1800/600 rpm or 1125 ft-lb.This gives a rule that will enable you to quickly determine the torque a motor is capable of delivering,down to 10 rpm. Below this speed, other factors enter in that must be taken into consideration.
Shaft Size - Horsepower - Revolutions Per Minute
A number to remember here is 1150. This is easy to remember, and it stands for this: A 1-inch diameter shaft can transmit 1 hp at 50 rpm. As the shaft speed goes up, so does the horsepower, and by the sameratio. Therefore, if you double the speed, you double the horsepower capacity of the shaft. However,when you double the shaft diameter, the capacity of the shaft to transmit horsepower is increased 8 times.Thus, whatever the shaft size is in inches, cube it and multiply the resultant figure by the proper speedratio, and the horsepower-transmitting ability of the shaft is determined. However, it is advisable to beconservative, so modify the results by 75% and use this resulting figure. To express this in a formula, usethe following:50
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