A H M 531The Civil Engineering Center
Knowing the grain size distribution has the benefit of judging the soil suitability for differentprojects, and of predicting soil-water movement. For example a uniform soil(soil consisting of a small range of size of grains) has high permeability but low strength, theopposite can be seen in a well graded soil (soil containing large range of particle sizes fromthe smallest to the largest).
The sample tested had light brown color at the beginning, and it consisted from: little amountof gravel, mix of sand size and clay.
Set of sieves (4.75, 2, 1.18, 0.6, 0.3, 0.15, 0.075)mm + Pan2.
Weighing 250g (W
) of the oven-dried soil sample, this sample has to berepresentative to the whole sample; this is accomplished by using the rifflebox till the desired weight is obtained.2.
The specimen is washed on sieve #200 to get rid of the grains finer that thatsieve (silts and clays), a sieve #10 is place over sieve #200 to retain coarsegrains such as gravel, in order to protect sieve #200. The washing processmust not contain any loss of the mass due to splashing. This processcontinues till the water passes through the sieve is clean!3.
The washed specimen is placed in the oven for 24 hours, and the removedand the weight is calculated. W
After stacking the sieves in the order mentioned before the sample is placedon the top sieve, then the set of the sieves is moved to be placed on the shakerfor a period of 3 minutes.5.
The sieves are then removed from the shaker and separated carefully, everysieve is re-shacked manually over a pan to make sure that all the grains inthat sieve are larger than its size. The passed particles are moved to thesmaller sieve. The grains retained at each sieve are weighed.
A H M 531Seive AnalysisBy: Ahmed Essam Mansour The Civil Engineering Center2Visit www.AHM531.com for more lab reports and lecture notes!