increase by around 15 dB. The Effective Radiated Power (ERP) output will be
20,000watts. Good enough to cook stereos 50 feet away. Oh, yes, those big ten foot C-band dishes willget you up to 1,000,000 watts ERP.This project will include lots of pictures, as they are easier to follow.
Fundamental Function of the Magnetron
From the book "Microwave Oven Repair," by Homer Davidson
In a microwave oven, the magnetron tube generates the microwaves. They are transmitted to theoven cavity, reflected by the sides of the oven area, and then absorbed within the food that is inthe oven cavity.The magnetron's
is located in the center of the magnetron and is a filament that boils off electrons when it is hot. The cathode is connected to the negative side of the power supply,which has a potential of approximately 4,000 volts with respect to the anode, which is connectedto the positive side. The 4,000 volts potential is produced by mean of the high-voltagetransformer and doubler action of the capacitor and diode.The electrons are negative charges, which means they are strongly repelled by the negativecathode and attracted to the positive anode. The electrons would travel straight from the cathodeto the anode if the 4,000 volts potential were the only force acting in the magnetron (
). However, the magnetron is a type of diode with a magnetic field applied axially in the space between the cathode and anode by means of two permanent magnets (