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Readings from January 1931 – Time Magazine.pdf

Readings from January 1931 – Time Magazine.pdf

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Readings from January 1931 – Time Magazine.pdf
Readings from January 1931 – Time Magazine.pdf

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Published by: raattai on Sep 06, 2013
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Readings from January 1931 – Time Magazine
 “Saint Gandhi”: Man of the Year 1930Monday, Jan. 05, 1931Curiously, it was in a jail that the year’s end found the little half-naked brown man whose 1930 markon world history will undoubtedly loom largest of all. It was exactly twelve months ago that MohandasKaramchand Gandhi’s Indian National Congress promulgated the Declaration of IndianIndependence (TIME, Jan. 13). It was in March that he marched to the sea to defy Britain’s salt taxas some New Englanders once defied a British tea tax. It was in May that Britain jailed Gandhi atPoona. Last week he was still there, and some 30,000 members of his Independence movementwere caged elsewhere. The British Empire was still wondering fearfully what to do about them all,the Empire’s most staggering problem. (via“Saint Gandhi”: Man of the Year 1930 – TIME). A British journalist of standing lately revisited India and reported his finding to North AmericanNewspaper Alliance. Journalist Henry Noel Brailsford is a graduate of Glasgow University, where heremained for a time as assistant professor of Logic. Later he was a leading writer of the CarnegieInternational Commission in the Balkans (1913), and editor of the New Leader (1922-26).“In India I saw what no one is likely to see again,” reported Briton Brailsford. “Bombay obeyed twogovernments. “To the British government, with all its apparatus of legality and power, there still wereloyal the European population, the Indian sepoys, who wear its uniform, a few of the merchantprinces, and the older generation of the Moslem minority. “The rest of Bombay’s population hastransferred its allegiance to one of the British Government’s too numerous prisoners: MahatmaGandhi.”Carefully Briton Brailsford described the system of parallel government in Bombay, wherebymembers of the Indian National Congress themselves marshal and police their demonstrations. Hereported that the Gandhiwomen who picket shops selling British goods, and who fling themselvesdown to be trodden on by any Indian determined to enter, will stand aside for occidental shoppers.“The shopkeepers themselves signed a requisition to the effect that they made no complaint againstthis peaceful picketing, and for a time there were few arrests.”In and around Bombay, Ahmedabad, Delhi and Benares, Mr. Brailsford examined many Indian menand women bearing “wounds on teh feets or bruises on the stomach, made with the butt end of arifle . . . one man with a terribly swollen arm, fractured or dislocated, hanging in a sling . . . a woman[with] a badly swollen face caused by a blow.”In the opinion of Briton Brailsford, “cold English brains” devised the system whereby bands of nativepolice, especially in the rural districts, set upon individual Indian men & women and beat them. “Theexecution [of this plan] was left to hotter heads and rougher hands,” notably to Mohuntal Shah, chief Indian official of the Borsad Taluka in Kaira District, who, Mr. Brailsford reports, has not onlypresided at numerous pouncings and beatings, but also “occasionally assisted with a heavy walkingstick.”Individual beatings are applied, in the main, to extort from the victim his land tax. Mr. Brailsfordtraveled through district after district where the peasants had taken and kept this vow: “We will payno taxes until Gandhi is released from jail.” (via“Saint Gandhi”: Man of the Year 1930 – TIME).millions of individual Indians are taking individual beatings which they could, escape by paying what
"Saint Gandhi": Man of the Year | 1930 | Time magazine cover; Monday, Jan. 05, 1931
His Majesty’s Government call, quite accurately, “nor-mal taxes.” Physical extortion, even of taxes, isin law virtually everywhere a crime. Briton Brailsford reports that the Indian agents of the BritishGovernment have pursued tax evaders out of British India into the native State of Baroda andbeaten them there. This is a crime for which the Man of the Year in Yerovila Jail at Poona is toblame. He is to blame because, although His Majesty’s Government have got him in a jail staffed by

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