Separates a complex function into simpler components.
Allows vendors to compartmentalize their design efforts to fit a modulardesign, which eases implementations and simplifies troubleshooting.APCisagoodexampleofamodulardevice.Forinstance,aPCtypicallycontainsthe following components: case, motherboard with processor, monitor, keyboard,mouse, disk drive, CD-ROM drive, floppy drive, RAM, video card, Ethernet card,etc. If one component breaks, it is very easy to figure out which component failedand replace the single component. This simplifies your troubleshooting process.Likewise, when a new CD-ROM drive becomes available, you don’t have to throwaway the current computer to use the new device— you just need to cable it up andaddasoftwaredrivertoyouroperatingsystemtointerfacewithit.TheOSIReferenceModel builds upon these premises.
TherearesevenlayersintheOSIReferenceModel,showninFigure2-1:application,presentation,session,transport,network,datalink,andphysical.Thefunctionsoftheapplication,presentation,andsessionlayersaretypicallypartoftheuser’sapplication.The transport, network, data link, and physical layers are responsible for movinginformationbackandforthbetweenthesehigherlayers.Each layer is responsible for a specific process or role. Remember that the sevenlayers are there to help you understand the transformation process that data will
OSI Reference Model