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ch04

ch04

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Published by: sunny krishna on Jun 20, 2009
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02/01/2012

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4
PreparingNetwork Connections
CHAPTER OBJECTIVES
4.01Ciscos Networking Products4.02Chassis Information4.03Connections4.04Cabling
Two-Minute Drill
Q&A
Self Test
 
T
he first three chapters of this book dealt with an introduction to networking,networking concepts, and IP addressing—basically theory and concept information.Inthischapter,I’llbegindiscussingtheappliedsideofnetworking.Thischapterfocuseson installing your networking devices (switches and routers), cabling up your LAN and WANconnections, and establishing a console connection so that you can put a configuration on thesedevices.Onceyouhaveestablishedaconsoleconnectioninthischapter,Chapter5willbeginthebasicsofusingtherouter’sorswitch’scommand-lineinterface(CLI)toputabasicconfigurationon these devices.
CERTIFICATION OBJECTIVE4.01
Cisco’s Networking Products
ThelastpartofChapter2discussedCisco’sthree-layerhierarchicalmodelfornetworkdesign:core,distribution,andaccess.Onceyouhavedesignedyournetworkandhavedecidedonthetypesofdevicesyou’llbeusingateachofthethreelayers,youmustthenpickaspecificproductforeachofthesedevices.Whenchoosinganetworkingproduct,considerthefollowing:
Is the product easy to install and support?
Does the product provide the necessary features/functions to meet yournetworking requirements?
Does the product support enough ports and offer enough backplane capacityto meet your network’s growth and bandwidth requirements?
Is the product reliable, and can it provide redundancy?
If it is a layer-3 device, does the product provide support for both mobile usersand branch office connections?
Cantheproductbeeasilyupgraded,protectingyourinvestmentintheproduct?When you have answered these questions, you are ready to pick the appropriateproducts for your networking design. The products discussed later in this chapter donotrepresentallofCisco’sproducts,nordotheyincludealloftheproductsforaspecific category. When choosing a product, you’ll need to log on to Cisco’s web site
2
Chapter4:Preparing Network Connections
 
(http://www.cisco.com) and look up the specifications of the products that you areinterested in before making a choice.IfyouareimplementingaWANsolution,youshouldconsiderthefollowingwhenmaking a choice:
Make sure the solution is cost-effective.
Make sure the service you want to use is available in the location where youwill be installing it. Some services, such as ATM, DSL, and ISDN, are notavailable in all areas.
Make sure the solution you choose provides the necessary amountof bandwidth for your users’ needs.Rememberthatmodemconnectionssupportuptoonly53Kbpsandthereforearebestfortelnet,e-mail,smallfiletransfers,andlimitedwebbrowsingtraffic.ISDNandFrameRelayconnectionsuptospeedsof128Kbpsaremoresuitableforfiletransfers,Internetaccess,andvoicetraffic.Leasedlines,DSL,ATM,andFrameRelayarebestsuited for multimedia applications, including voice and video, as well as for high-bandwidth needs (greater than 128 Kbps).
Hubs
As was mentioned in Chapter 2, hubs function at the physical layer and providealogicalbusstructureforEthernet;devicesconnectedtothehubhavetheillusionthattheyareallconnectedtothesamephysicalpieceofwire.Devicesconnectedtoahubareinthesamecollisiondomain,sincehubsarerepeatersandtheyrepeatanyphysicallayersignalthattheyreceive.Ciscohasmanyhubproducts,includingthefollowing:1500MicroHub;152810/100MicroHub;100,200,300,and400FastHubs.
Cisco’s Networking Products
3
Hubs and repeatersare used to connect devices together in the same collision domain. Thesedevices repeat any signal sent to them,including collisions. All devices connected via layer-1 are in the same collision domain,sometimes referred to as a bandwidthdomain.

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