ASEAN’s economic direction. I will also look at patterns of security cooperation sincethe World Trade Centre bombings of September 11 2001, specifically in the ASEANmember states most affected by terrorism, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines.Analysis of these issues will help me to draw conclusions about ASEAN’s position inthree aspects of the globalisation debate: models of development, international economicintegration and regional security cooperation. I argue that ASEAN’s actions have beenvery pragmatic, with little long term vision. Sovereignty and independence have always been paramount and the East Asian financial crisis and the War on Terror both underlinethese premises. To open this essay, I highlight several significant points of ASEAN’shistory.
ECONOMIC COOPERATIONWhen ASEAN was formed in 1967, its primary purpose was to foster growth througheconomic cooperation among the five member states. This purpose was spurred by theVietnam War and a fear that communism in Asia was spreading. The Domino Effect wason everyone’s lips. Strong government for containment and state led, export orienteddevelopment was the norm in capitalist East Asia. ASEAN since its inception has madevarious achievements in affecting trade policy through bargaining as a bloc. Theseachievements made clear two important principles: 1. the value of uniting against a third party and 2. the utility of rallying behind the most threatened member, be it a poor or richcountry. (Kurus, 823)