Fakruddin, Ibna Batuta the famous traveler visited Chittagong and mentioned it as“Saterkoan” and found it to be a prosperous port and city.The Venetian traveler Misira in 1565 A.D. Finnish traveler Ceasar Fredrick traveled toChittagong. From these travel records it appears that about this tome Chittagong was adeveloped port. The traveler Misira has written in his travel records that “every year two hundred Ship loads of salt used to be exported to ship building materials such astimber and other materials and that the Sultan of Turkey used to get their Ships built atChittagong at cheaper cost”. Traveler, Ceaser Frederick gave an account that largequantities of silver used to be imported from Pegu to Chittagong and Chittagong Portwas the main port for
.The Portuguese took great interest in Chittagong in the Sixteenth Century and namedit as “Porto Grande”. In the Seventeenth Century it was a scene of British expeditionsand in 1760 it was ceded to the East Indian Company of England. Under the act of 1887 British-India ultimately led to the performing of port which was introduced on25
April, 1888 and Chittagong Port commissioners started the function.The
of the Port began in 1875 with the enactment of IndianPorts Act 1875 (Act XII) when the port officer who was also the Collector of Customsused administers the Port under Act XII of 1875.Chittagong Port was suddenly subjected of heavy pressure of more commercialactivities that’s why some rapid development necessitated the reorganization of thePort Management and as a result Chittagong Port Trust was formed in July, 1960 to doaway with the dual administration of the Port by the Port Commissioners and the PortRailway.Due to the challenge of modernization and the abnormal situation prevailing duringthe period of war of war of liberation, it was felt that more autonomy be given to themanagement for better administration and quick expansion of Port, hence inSeptember 1976 by an ordinance of the Govt. of Bangladesh the Chittagong PortAuthority (CPA) came into being. (Year Book’92, CPA)
Historical Background’s Summary of Chittagong Port
4th CenturyBC:Used to be called SHETGANG. Ships from Middle East and Chinaused this Port.9th century:Omani & Yemeni traders landed in this Port.16th century:Used to be known as "PORTE GRANDE". Portuguese took greatinterest to use this port.1887:Formal Port operation started from 25th April.1895-1910:Four Jetties were constructed to handle 0.5 million tons of cargo. Portused to be administered jointly by Port Commissioners and Assam-Bengal Railway.1960:Chittagong Port Trust was formed.1976:Chittagong Port Authority was formed.