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2987155 SAP Interview Questions

2987155 SAP Interview Questions

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1.
What is ERP?
- ERP is a package with the techniques and concepts for theintegrated management of business as a whole, for effective use of managementresources, to improve the efficiency of an enterprise. Initially, ERP was targetedfor manufacturing industry mainly for planning and managing core business like production and financial market. As the growth and merits of ERP package ERPsoftware is designed for basic process of a company from manufacturing to smallshops with a target of integrating information across the company.2.
Different types of ERP?
- SAP, BAAN, JD Edwards,Oracle Financials, Siebel,PeopleSoft. Among all the ERP’s most of the companies implemented or trying toimplement SAP because of number of advantages aver other ERP packages.3.
What is SAP?
- SAP is the name of the company founded in 1972 under theGerman name (Systems, Applications, and Products in Data Processing) is theleading ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) software package.4.
Explain the concept of “Business Content” in SAP Business InformationWarehouse?
- Business Content is a pre-configured set of role and task-relevantinformation models based on consistent Metadata in the SAP BusinessInformation Warehouse. Business Content provides selected roles within acompany with the information they need to carry out their tasks. Theseinformation models essentially contain roles, workbooks, queries, InfoSources,InfoCubes, key figures, characteristics, update rules and extractors for SAP R/3,mySAP.com Business Applications and other selected applications.5.
Why do you usually choose to implement SAP?
- There are number of technicalreasons numbers of companies are planning to implement SAP. It’s highlyconfigurable, highly secure data handling, min data redundancy, max dataconsistency, you can capitalize on economics of sales like purchasing, tightintegration-cross function.6.
Can BW run without a SAP R/3 implementation?
- Certainly. You can run BWwithout R/3 implementation. You can use pre-defined business content in BWusing your non-SAP data. Here you simply need to map the transfer structuresassociated with BW data sources (InfoCubes, ODS tables) to the inbound datafiles or use 3rd part tool to connect your flat files and other data sources and loaddata in BW. Several third party ETL products such as Acta, Infomatica, DataStageand others will have been certified to load data in BW.7.
What is IDES?
- International Demonstration and Education System. A sampleapplication provided for faster learning and implementation.8.
What is WF and its importance?
- Business Work Flow: Tool for automaticcontrol and execution of cross-application processes. This involves coordinatingthe persons involved, the work steps required, the data, which needs to be processed (business objects). The main advantage is reduction in throughput timesand the costs involved in managing business processes. Transparency and qualityare enhanced by its use.9.
What is SAP R/3?
- A third generation set of highly integrated software modulesthat performs common business function based on multinational leading practice.
 
Takes care of any enterprise however diverse in operation, spread over the world.In R/3 system all the three servers like presentation, application server anddatabase server are located at different system.10.
What are presentation, application and database servers in SAP R/3?
- Theapplication layer of an R/3 System is made up of the application servers and themessage server. Application programs in an R/3 System are run on applicationservers. The application servers communicate with the presentation components,the database, and also with each other, using the message server. All the data arestored in a centralized server. This server is called database server.11.
What should be the approach for writing a BDC program?
- Convert thelegacy system data to a flat file and convert flat file into internal table. Transfer the flat file into sap system called “sap data transfer”. Call transaction(Write the program explicitly) or create sessions (sessions are created and processed ,if success data will transfer).12.
Explain open SQL vs native SQL?
- ABAP Native SQL allows you to includedatabase-specific SQL statements in an ABAP program. Most ABAP programscontaining database-specific SQL statements do not run with different databases.If different databases are involved, use Open SQL. To execute ABAP Native SQLin an ABAP program, use the statement EXEC. Open SQL (Subset of standardSQL statements), allows you to access all database tables available in the R/3System, regardless of the manufacturer. To avoid conflicts between databasetables and to keep ABAP programs independent from the database system used,SAP has generated its own set of SQL statements known as Open SQL.13.
What are datasets?
- The sequential files (processed on application server) arecalled datasets. They are used for file handling in SAP.14.
What are internal tables check table, value table, and transparent table?
-
 Internal table
: It is a standard data type object, which exists only during theruntime of the program.
Check table
: Check table will be at field level checking. 
Value table
: Value table will be at domain level checking ex: scarr table is check table for carrid.
Transparent table
: - Exists with the same structure both in dictionary as well as indatabase exactly with the same data and fields.15.
What are the major benefits of reporting with BW over R/3?
Would it besufficient just to Web-enable R/3 Reports? - Performance — Heavy reportingalong with regular OLTP transactions can produce a lot of load both on the R/3and the database (cpu, memory, disks, etc). Just take a look at the load put on your system during a month end, quarter end, or year-end — now imagine thatoccurring even more frequently. Data analysis — BW uses a Data Warehouse andOLAP concepts for storing and analyzing data, where R/3 was designed for transaction processing. With a lot of work you can get the same analysis out of R/3 but most likely would be easier from a BW.
 
16.
How can an ERP such as SAP help a business owner learn more about howbusiness operates?
- In order to use an ERP system, a business person must understand the business processes and how they work together from one functional area to the other. This knowledge gives the student amuch deeper understanding of how a business operates. Using SAP as a tool tolearn about ERP systems will require that the people understand the business processes and how they integrate.17.
What is the difference between OLAP and Data Mining?
- OLAP - On lineAnalytical processing is a reporting tool configured to understand your databaseschema ,composition facts and dimensions . By simple point-n-clicking, a user can run any number of canned or user-designed reports without having to knowanything of SQL or the schema. Because of that prior configuration, the OLAPengine “builds” and executes the appropriate SQL. Mining is to build theapplication to specifically look at detailed analyses, often algorithmic; even moreoften misappropriate called “reporting.18.
What is “Extended Star Schema” and how did it emerge?
- The Star Schemaconsists of the Dimension Tables and the Fact Table. The Master Data relatedtables are kept in separate tables, which has reference to the characteristics in thedimension table(s). These separate tables for master data is termed as theExtended Star Schema.19.
Define Meta data, Master data and Transaction data
–  
Meta Data
: Data that describes the structure of data or MetaObjects is calledMetadata. In other words data about data is known as Meta Data.
Master Data
: Master data is data that remains unchanged over a long period of time. It contains information that is always needed in the same way.Characteristics can bear master data in BW. With master data you are dealing withattributes, texts or hierarchies.
Transaction data:
Data relating to the day-to-day transactions is the Transactiondata.20.
Name some drawbacks of SAP
- Interfaces are huge problem, Determine wheremaster data resides, Expensive, very complex, demands highly trained staff,lengthy implementation time.21.
What is Bex?
- Bex stands for Business Explorer. Bex enables end user to locatereports, view reports, analyze information and can execute queries. The queries inworkbook can be saved to there respective roles in the Bex browser. Bex has thefollowing components: Bex Browser, Bex analyzer, Bex Map, Bex Web.22.
What are variables?
- Variables are parameters of a query that are set in the parameter query definition and are not filled with values until the queries areinserted into workbooks. There are different types of variables which are used indifferent application: Characteristics variables, Hierarchies and hierarchy node,Texts, Formulas, Processing types, User entry/Default type, Replacment Path.

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