Actually Sürya has no motion. His motion is an apparent one, as viewed from the rotating earth.Other Grahas, including the nodes, have varied rates of motion. The average daily motions ofthe Grahas, which are not, however standard, are, as follows: Sürya 1, Candr 13-15, Maìgal30-45, Budh 65-100, Çukr 62-82, Guru 5-15, Çani 2, Rahu/Ketu 3.With such different motions, a Grah forms various Drishtis with others. These Drishtis throughlongitudinal distances have a great deal of utility in Jyotish. This is what Maharishi Parasharsuggests to be considered.7. Details (of astronomical nature) of stars have to be understood by general rules, while I narrateto you about the effects of Grahas and Räçis.8-9. The positions of the Grahas for a given time be taken, as per Drikganit. And with the help ofRäçi durations, applicable to the respective places, Lagn at birth should be known. Now, I tellyou about the castes, descriptions and dispositions of the Grahas.10. Names of Grahas. The names of the nine Grahas, respectively, are Sürya, Candr, 0DQgal,Budh, Guru, Çukr, Çani, Rahu and Ketu.11. Benefics and Malefics. Among these, Sürya, Çani, Maìgal, decreasing Candr, Rahu and Ketu(the ascending and the descending nodes of Candr) are malefics, while the rest are benefics.Budh, however, is a malefic, if he joins a malefic.Addition from Santhanam till Sloka 12-13. When Candr is ahead of S
rya, but within 120, she hasmedium strength. Between 120 to 240 she is very auspicious,( see Atishubhapred). From 240to 0 she is bereft of strength. This is Yavanas view, vide P. 70 of my English Translation ofSaravali. This view is, however, related to Candrs strength, or otherwise, while waning Candr(Krishna Paksh, dark half) is a malefic and waxing Candr (Shukla Paksh, bright half) is abenefic. Should Candr be Yuti with a benefic, or receiving a Drishti from a benefic, she turnsa benefic, even if in a waning state. As regards Budh, we have clear instructions fromMaharishi Parashar, that he becomes a malefic, if he joins a malefic. If waning Candr andBudh are together, both are benefics.12-13. Grah governances. Sürya is the soul of all. Candr is the mind. Mangal is ones strength. Budhis speech-giver, while Guru confers Knowledge and happiness.Çukr governs semen (potency),while Çani denotes grief.14-15. Grah cabinet. Of royal status are Sürya and Candr, while Maìgal is the Army chief. Prince-apparent is Budh. The ministerial Grahas are Guru and Çukr, Çani is a servant. Rahu andKetu form the Grah Army.16-17. Complexions of Grahas. Sürya is blood-red. Candr is tawny. Maìgal, who is not very tall isblood-red, while Budhs hue is akin to that of green grass. Tawny, variegated and dark areGuru, Çukr and Çani in their order.18. Deities of Grahas.
(?), Water (Varuna), Subrahmanya (Lord Shivas son, followingGanesh), Maha Vishnu, Indra, Shachi Devi (the consort of Lord Indra) and
(?) arethe presiding deities of the 7 Grahas in their order.19. Gender of the Grahas. Budh and
ani are neuters. Candr and Çukr are females, while Sürya,Maìgal and Guru are males.20. Primordial compounds. The Panchabhutas, space, air, fire, water and earth, are, respectively,governed by Guru, Çani, Maìgal, Çukr and Budh.21. Castes of Grahas. Guru and Çukr are Brahmins. Sürya is a royal Grah, while Candr and Budhbelong to commercial community. Çani rules the Sudras (4
caste).22. Sattvic Grahas are the luminaries and Guru, Çukr and Budh are Rajasik, while Maìgal and Çaniare Tamasic.23. Description of Sürya. Süryas eyes are honey-coloured. He has a square body. He is of cleanhabits, bilious, intelligent and has limited hair (on his head).24. Description of Candr. Candr is very windy and phlegmatic. She is learned and has a round body.She has auspicious looks and sweet speech, is fickle-minded and very lustful.25. Description of Maìgal. Maìgal has blood-red eyes, is fickle-minded, liberal, bilious, given toanger and has thin waist and thin physique.