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Infrastructure Problems in india

Infrastructure Problems in india

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Published by: nenu_100 on Jun 22, 2009
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India’s Nagging Infrastructure Problems
Excerpted from
‘Business Week’ 
, the cover story is aboutIndia's infrastructure challenges,
"The Trouble with India:Crumbling roads, jammed airports, and power blackoutscould hobble growth."
Here are some interesting pointsfrom the article:1. "India has underinvested in infrastructure for 60 years,and we're behind what we need by 10 to 12 years," saysT.V. Mohandas Pai, director of human resources foInfosys.2. Government officials were shocked last year when Intelchose Vietnam over India as the site for a new chipassembly plant. Although Intel declined to comment,industry insiders say the reason was largely the lack of reliable power and water in India.3. Jagdish N. Bhagwati, a professor at ColumbiaUniversity, figures GDP growth would run 2 percentage points higher if the country had decent roads, railways, and power.4. Up to 40% of farm produce is lost because it rots in thefields or spoils en route to consumers, which contributes torising prices for staples such as lentils and onions.5. Because of its authoritarian government, China getsfaster results. "If you have to build a road in China, just ahandful of people need to make a decision," says DanielVasella, chief executive of pharmaceutical giant Novartis.
"If you want to build a road in India, it'll take 10 years of discussion before you get a decision."6. Then there's rampant corruption. Nearly all sectors of officialdom are riddled with graft, from neighborhood copsto district bureaucrats to state ministers. Indian truckers payabout $5 billion a year in bribes. Corruption delaysinfrastructure projects and raises costs for those that moveahead.7. Despite the infrastructure challenges, companies still seea lot of opportunities to help them meet those challenges,which explains why so many multinationals are flocking toIndia. Take hotel construction: In a country with only25,000 tourist-class hotel rooms (compared with more than140,000 in Las Vegas alone), companies including Hilton,Wyndham, and Ramada have plans for 75,000 rooms ontheir drawing boards.8. In 2005, India passed a groundbreaking law permitting public officials to use public-private partnerships foinfrastructre improvements - the first project to takeadvantage of the new law is the $430 million internationalairport scheduled to open next year in Bangalore. Thefacility is designed to handle 11.5 million passengers per year—nearly double the capacity of the overburdenedexisting airport. It will be owned by a private company,which will turn it over to the Karnataka state governmentafter 60 years.
“The Trouble with India: Crumbling roads, jammed airports, and power blackouts could hobble growth” 
When foreigners say Bangalore is India's version of SiliconValley, the high-tech office park called Electronics City iswhat they're often thinking of. But however muchCalifornians might hate traffic-clogged Route 101, the maindrag though the Valley, it has nothing on Hosur Road. This potholed, four-lane stretch of gritty pavement—the primaryaccess to Electronics City—is pure chaos. Cars, trucks, buses, motorcycles, taxis, rickshaws, cows, donkeys, anddogs jostle for every inch of the roadway as horns blare and brakes squeal. Drivers run red lights and jam their vehiclesinto any available space, paying no mind to pedestriansclustered desperately on median strips like shipwreckedsailors.Pass through the six-foot-high concrete walls intoElectronics City, though, and the loudest sounds you hear are the chirping of birds and the whirr of electric carts thatwhisk visitors from one steel-and-glass building to the next.Young men and women stroll the manicured pathways thatwend their way through the leafy 80-acre spread or coastquietly on bicycles along the smooth asphalt roads.With virtually no mass transit in Bangalore, Indiantechnology firm Infosys Technologies Ltd. spends $5million a year on buses, minivans, and taxis to transport its18,000 employees to and from Electronics City. And traffic jams mean workers can spend upwards of four hourscommuting each day. "India has underinvested in

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