Hasan ibn ‘Alī
- a name that had not yet been used in the pre-Islāmic period.
Muhammad also honoured his grandson by reciting theAdhānin his right ear,
shaved the head of his grandson,
and sacrificed a ram in his name.
Hasan ibn Ali and his younger brother,Husayn ibn Ali, are said to have been greatly beloved bytheir grandfather. There are numerous Hadiths (oral traditions) that affirm this claim. There arealso Hadiths which states that Hasan ibn Ali and Husayn ibn Ali are the leaders of the youth in paradise. Muhammad also said that Hasan and Hussain are Imams, whether they sit (agree to a peace treaty) or stand (go to war).
PEACE AGREEMENT BETWEEN IMAM AL-HASAN AND MU'AWIYA
Imam Hasan (a.s.) faced extremely difficult conditions from the start. He observed that fear,anxiety and much distress were ever present in Kufa, Basrah, Medina and other towns. Theanxiety, uncertainty and insecurity were caused by Mu'awiya's ill dealing of sincere Muslims.Mu'awiya had spread secret agents all over to defame Ahlul Bayt. Imam Hasan knew that hisfather Imam Ali (a.s.) had stood like a lion in all difficulties and fought battles against Mu'awiya, but these confrontations had resulted in heavy casualties on both sides. A mass scale familydevastation was visible everywhere. Considering all circumstances, Imam Hasan (a.s.) discussedthe matter with his brother Husain (a.s.) and other relatives. He revealed to them that in order toend the bloodshed and to provide a reasonable safety and security to the Ummah, he would makea peace agreement with Mu'awiya and abdicate until after Mu'awiya's death. After a few days of careful consideration, Imam Hasan (a.s.) accepted an agreement as per the terms dictated by theImam and agreed to by Mu'awiya.
Four noteworthy terms of this agreement were
People of Syria, Iraq, Hijaz, Yemen and other places shall enjoy amnesty against persecution,
Friends and companions of Imam Ali (a.s.) and all their women and children shall be protected from all dangers,
Mu'awiya is to immediately stop the use of abusive language with reference toAhlul Bayt (cursing Imam Ali) after Salat of Jumu'a), and
Mu'awiya shall not appoint anyone as his successor.