Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
The psychology of prejudice, stereotyping and discrimination

The psychology of prejudice, stereotyping and discrimination

Ratings: (0)|Views: 452 |Likes:
Sumary of Plous, S. (Editor) (2003); Understanding prejudice and discrimination (pp. 3- 48). New York: McGraw-Hill
Sumary of Plous, S. (Editor) (2003); Understanding prejudice and discrimination (pp. 3- 48). New York: McGraw-Hill

More info:

Published by: Ariadna Setentaytres on Sep 09, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





Summary aNew York:Prepared
DefinitioPrejudicInvolPrejuTher Simpcan dPrejuit staCategoriSociBut a AssimilaTendDiffesameOutgrou"AllThis iIngroupRaciWe tr Mini
IIb At
Causal a1. Ju
2. Th
3. Th
----nd notes on:cGraw-Hillby Ariadna 7
ses a prejuddice is notare also poson's paradiscriminatedice was ge
rted to be real thinkingl categoriesll categorieion and conency to distences betwgroup trenhomogeneomen are ais natural, biasm, favoritisend to thinkal groups,
group bias ilike thinkinecause I amdrop in self aintain self an me!"
tributions (t-world attri
hen we judhildren andhildren all th
e fundament
or example,ere not allooney (out ooney and d
e ultimate at
Our team w. People attri. People attri
a. An exceptib. Just luckc. Very highd. SituationalPlous, S. (E3
gment that ierely an opsitive prejux: individuneralized angarded as pare indispeare blurry.trastrt perceptioen differentto be miniitylike!", "All mcause onethat our groocial identit
is very easilg that any gbetter than-esteem alsesteem "If I
ade in threibutions in a
e the situatie say "noe time!"
al attributio
when the Jeed to havenecessity)spise "hon
tribution err 
on becauseibute negatiibute positiv
ional caseeffortl factorsitor) (2003);
s usually neinion, it alsogments, likl subgroupd almost legthologicalsable for hhere is notnsgroups trenizeden are alike!as more coup's memby and the ro
triggeredoup I belonnyone elseleads to exam worthles
ways)n unjust wo
on of other onder why
ws were thr property or and then pest" labor 
they are thee outgroupe outgroup
gative aboutincludes co"Asians acan be nonal in the bend things liman thougan exact lind to be exa!"ntact with ors are bettele of self es
to is better pressing pr s, then a Ve
ld: blame th
. For exampshe is so pown away fr ork in the lple made tbest... their behavior toehavior to
g prejudice
a group or intempt, disle good at m-discriminatinning, bute racism wtbetween ligerated, aneself groupr than theyeem
than any gr  judice -It isnusian must
e poor for b
le we see aor. She is laom a placeand, so thehe attributioteam winsdispositionne or more
and discrimin
its membersike or loathith"ory, but thein the 1930're regardede and deathd differencethan with tctually are
oup I don'tlike using pbe even mo
eing poor 
poor personzy and onlyome 2500 yturned outn that Jewshen they hl causesof the follo
ation (pp. 3-Page
nggeneral growith civil rias syndro, for exampl
s within thee outgroup
elong to sirejudice tore worthleswith sevenwants to maears ago, thto lendingare all intove good luing causes
48).1 of 3
Summary and notes on: Plous, S. (Editor) (2003); Understanding prejudice and discrimination (pp. 3- 48).New York: McGraw-HillPrepared by Ariadna 73 Page 2 of 3
PrejudiceThe world has evolved, there is less racism, no legal slavery, women can vote, etc... But there arestill subtle manifestations, and scientists are after them: Subtle forms of prejudice (Subtle racism,subtle sexism)Symbolic: Opposition to minorities Ambivalent : Conflict between positive and negative feelingsModern: View racial minorities as making unfair demands Aversive: Personal aversion to minoritiesStereotypingThe author describes a "Nacirema" culture and says that they are pursuing economic success allthe time, while dedicated the rest of the time to their appearance. I thought it sounded as peoplefrom LA. And then the author says that the Nacirema name is written backwards, and that heknows that I have thought that the Nacirema was a undeveloped indigenous culture... Not surehow the author says he knows what I thought (especially when I didn't think that!)Where do we find stereotypes?Explicit and implicit biases
If you ask questions worded in a way that the answer has to be politically correct, you willbe able to better see the racial and other stereotypes (According to studies)The thing is that people have implicit biases, that they are unaware of Description of the "Implicit association test": where you try to associate words and theygrade you by the time of your response. People usually associate positive words withbright colors and negative words with dark colors, and expand that to races. We can't helpit and there are people that go to the Internet and take the test every day and they alwayshave a grade that indicate a negative bias toward dark colors and people of non-whiteraces
Stereotypes in the media
 After watching certain commercials or magazines, the job interviewers trended to hiremore the males and whites than the females and non-whiteNo wonder now what is so difficult for a non-white to compete in this tight job market!With the potential employers viewing all those commercials the day before the interview!
Stereotypes from direct experience
If you see things coming together (like bacon and eggs) you kind of expect to see onewhen you see the other, and in the end, when you remember your experiences you can'ttell if you ate bacon alone or bacon with eggs, and decide that it was bacon with eggsmost of the time.Same thing when judging minorities: you see a couple of criminals of certain race, andyou trend to pair all the criminals with that raceThe illusory correlations occur more with negative things (non-white = criminal) than withpositive things (bacon = eggs)
Self-perpetuating stereotypes
Once you start stereotyping, is like walking a slippery slope and very difficult to go back (if ever going back)You also react to whatever stereotype is applied to you -even when you don't explicitlyknow that you have been stereotyped. Your body just know it and you act just as thestereotype... that is SO weird!
Consequences of stereotyping (This is -for me- the most disturbing part of this reading. Sorry for inserting my own thoughts here!)For example, in a study, violent rap music influence judgments among everyone (black andwhite) that black males are violent and unintelligentStereotype threat: In other study, people performed poorly in math if they had to write anessay on a fictional character called Tyrone Walker (who sounds black)... (That is so scary!)

Activity (3)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads
ardalanhayatifar liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->